|Motto: Viens y voir|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Settled||1684 (trading post)|
|Constituted||January 1, 1955|
|• Mayor||Alain Labrie|
|• Federal riding||Manicouagan|
|• Prov. riding||René-Lévesque|
|• Total||202.40 km2 (78.15 sq mi)|
|• Land||161.34 km2 (62.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||1.8/km2 (5/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||17.5%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||G0H 1G0|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
The native Innu hunted and fished near the mouth of the river that they called "Eddy River". This stream was renamed in honour of Nicolas Godeboust (1634–1674), who served as navigator and river pilot along the North Shore before becoming a settler on Orléans Island in 1670. That same year, Jesuit missionary Charles Albanel made mention of the "Godebout River" where he had met an indigenous group from the Sept-Îles area, the Oumamioueks. And Jean-Baptiste-Louis Franquelin referred to this river as "Godebou" on his map of 1684.
In 1684, a fur trading post was established at the river, and then indigenous groups settled around the post. They remained along the coast, hunting on the gulf in the winter and salmon fishing during the summer, but for a part of autumn they returned into the forest. After 1720, the post gained importance due to the seal hunt. Seals were hunted not only for their meat, but also for the fat that was melted, put in barrels, and sold cheaply.
Circa 1850, the Godbout region — from Pointe-des-Monts to Pointe à la Croix — counted up to twenty-five families of Innu seal hunters. But from 1860 onward, the French population really began to grow. At first, they were former employees of the trading post that by then was managed by the Hudson's Bay Company. First, a certain Théodule Savard, then the son of another employee, Napoléon-Alexandre Comeau, who moved to the village in his early teenage years. Comeau managed the salmon fishing and guarded against poachers. The Innu lost access to the river and were prevented from exercising their traditional subsistence fishing for salmon. Consequently, the indigenous population gradually decreased and at the end of the 19th century, few indigenous families remained and most had moved to the Betsiamites Reserve.
In 1877, the Godbout Post Office opened. The place developed quickly when a forestry company, the St-Régis, started large scale logging operations in the interior forests. This led to new infrastructure such as a wharf, a dam, a log flume, and a network of roads to the various logging camps. In the village, it led to the construction of a hotel, shops, houses, a cookery, and a clinic. In 1926, the local parish was formed. In 1933, an attempt was made to set up a municipality but that was not realized until 1955.
In 1971, the St-Régis mill closed, leading to job loss and economic hardship in Godbout. The younger people would seek work elsewhere, resulting in some aging of the population. But this trend is somewhat reversed with the development of tourism in the area.
- Population in 2011: 298 (2006 to 2011 population change: -17.5 %)
- Population in 2006: 361
- Population in 2001: 327
- Population in 1996: 390
- Population in 1991: 391
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 164 (total dwellings: 195)
- English as first language: 0%
- French as first language: 91.7%
- English and French as first language: 0%
- Other as first language: 8.3%
The Matane—Godbout ferry is the village's main employer, either through direct employment, or by creating business for nearby restaurants and caterers. Tourism also provides opportunities for outfitters by catering to salmon fishing and other seasonal outdoor activities.
- Reference number 25711 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
- Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Godbout
- "(Code 2496010) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
- "Historique Village de Godbout" (in French). Municipalité de Godbout. Retrieved 2010-07-09.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
- "Historique Village de Godbout 3" (in French). Municipalité de Godbout. Retrieved 2010-07-10.
|Saint Lawrence River|