|Godda (Hindi: गोड्डा)|
|— city —|
|Elevation||87 m (285 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Santali|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||+91 6422|
Godda is located at  It has an average elevation of 77 metres (252 feet). Godda came into existence as the 55th district of undivided Bihar on May 25, 1983. After the bifurcation of Bihar into Jharkhand state on November 15, 2000, it was one of 18 districts of Jharkhand..
As of 2011[update] India census, Godda had a population of 1,311,382. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Godda has an average literacy rate of 57.68%, lower than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy is 69.56%, and female literacy is 44.90%. In Godda, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The parliamentary constituency is Godda. The assembly constituencies are Madhupur, Jarmundi, Poraiyahat, Mahagama, Godda, and Deoghar. Godda was in Dumka Parliamentary constituency in 1957.
Godda was a part of undivided Santhal Pargana district until 1981 Census. Later the old Godda sub-division of Santhal Pargana was separated and formed as a new district. As a consequence of the Santhal rebellion of 1845-55 the district of Santhal Paragna was created from portions of Bhagalpur and Birbhum. Godda district at present comprises eight Blocks viz. Meherma, Mahagama, Boarijor, Pathargama, Godda, Sundurpahari, Poraiyahat and Thakur Gangati. Godda is the only town in the district. There are 2311 villages in the district.
Godda district is devoid of any railway track. Many villages are still deprived of electricity and people suffer from lack of water for farming. Most of the inhabitants are farmers.
Nearest railway link is Panjwara Road on the Bhagalpur-Mandar Hill section. The nearest major railway station is Bhagalpur. The other common access point to the railway link is Jasidih (Deoghar) and Pirpainti. Road links exist to Bhagalpur, Deoghar, Dumka, Pakur, Sahebganj, Lalmatiya (Lalmatia Colliery) and other major towns in the region.
Basic health facilities in the town are available at government run Sadar Hospital and few private medical practitioners.
Primarily an educationally backward district. State government run school provide primary and secondary education. Board Middle School,Godda High School, St. Thomas School, Kumar Institute of Science are some of the prominent schools in the district headquarters.Post school education students generally migrate to towns like Bhagalpur, Ranchi, Kolkatta, Jaipur for higher education. Godda College & Kumar institute of science godda is another option for post secondary education.
Paddy, wheat and maize are the main crops grown in the district. Vegetables, linseed, khesari are other crops grown in the district.
Coal is mined extensively across the entire district with Lalmatia Colliery having the reputation for the largest open pit coal mine in Asia. There are no artificial irrigation facilities like dams, tunnel, tube wells. Several floods and droughts have occurred during the last decade.
- Godda Administration Website
- Travel guide of Jharkhand
- Government of Jharkhand page on the district of Godda