Godefroid Kurth (11 May 1847, Arlon – 4 January 1916) was a celebrated Belgian historian. He is known for his histories of the city of Liège in the Middle Ages and of Belgium, of his Catholic account in Les Origines de la civilisation moderne of the formation of modern Europe, and for his defence of the medieval guild system.
Kurth was born in Arlon. He became professor at the University of Liège in 1873, where he encountered difficulties because of his strongly held Catholic views. In 1906 he left the university. He died at Asse.