Godfrey Cambridge

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Godfrey Cambridge
Born Godfrey MacArthur Cambridge
( 1933 -02-26)February 26, 1933
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died November 29, 1976 ( 1976 -11-29) (aged 43)
Burbank, California, U.S.
Resting place

Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills), Los Angeles[1]

Plot: Murmuring Trees, Block 5443
34°08′43″N 118°19′19″W / 34.14522°N 118.3219°W / 34.14522; -118.3219
Residence Ridgefield, Connecticut
Nationality American
Ethnicity Guyanese American
Education Flushing High School (graduated in 3 years), Hofstra College (attended), City College of New York (attended)
Occupation actor, standup comedian
Notable work(s) Watermelon Man (1970), Cotton Comes to Harlem (1970)
Home town Harlem, New York
Sydney, Nova Scotia
Queens, New York?
Weight sometimes nearly 320 pounds (150 kg)[2]
Spouse(s) Barbara Ann Teer (1962–1965)
Audriano Meyers (1972–1976)
Children Stephanie, Gillian estimated DOB 1957–1963[3]
Parents Alexander and Sarah Cambridge
Comedy career
Medium Stage and screen
Years active 1952–1976
Notes

Godfrey MacArthur Cambridge (February 26, 1933 – November 29, 1976) was an American stand-up comedian, actor, and comedian. Alongside Bill Cosby, Dick Gregory, and Nipsey Russell, he was acclaimed by Time magazine in 1965 as "one of the country's four most celebrated Negro comedians."[9]

Early life[edit]

Cambridge was born Godfrey MacArthur Cambridge in New York City, New York on February 26, 1933 to Alexander and Sarah Cambridge, who were immigrants from British Guyana.[10][11] His parents, dissatisfied with the New York Public School System, sent him to live with his grandparents in Sydney, Nova Scotia during his primary school years.[10] When he was 13, Cambridge moved back to New York and attended Flushing High School in Flushing, Queens.[10]

In 1949, Cambridge studied medicine at Hofstra College,[3] which he attended for three years before dropping out to pursue a career in acting.[10]

Stage and screen career[edit]

While pursuing an acting career, Cambridge supported himself with a variety of jobs, including "cab driver, bead-sorter, ambulance driver, gardener, judo instructor, and clerk for the New York City Housing Authority,"[10] as well as cleaning airplanes and making popcorn bunnies.[3]

His first role was as a bartender in the off-Broadway play Take a Giant Step.[3] He made his Broadway debut in the original production of Herman Wouk's 1957 play Nature's Way.[12] Cambridge received a 1962 Tony Award nomination as part of the original cast of Purlie Victorious, a play written by and starring Ossie Davis;[12] he was featured in an opening-night cast that also included Ruby Dee, Alan Alda, Sorrell Booke, Roger C. Carmel, Helen Martin, and Beah Richards.

Godfrey's memorable film roles include Watermelon Man, in which he plays the lead character, a white bigot who one day wakes up and discovers his skin color has turned black, and The President's Analyst, where he plays a depressed government agent. He also had a starring role in the 1970 Ossie Davis adaptation of the Chester Himes novel Cotton Comes to Harlem, as well as its 1972 sequel, Come Back, Charleston Blue. Godfrey made an impressive cameo appearance in director Sidney Lumet's Bye Bye Braverman as a Yiddish speaking NYC cab driver involved in a car collision with the main protagonists, and another as a gay underworld figure in the 1975 Pam Grier vehicle Friday Foster. Cambridge had a starring role in Beware! The Blob, a sequel to The Blob.

He hosted,[citation needed] financed, and produced Dead is Dead (1970), a drug-awareness film. It gave an uncensored look at the downside of drug-use, showing actual drug users injecting drugs and going through withdrawal.[13]

Cambridge appeared on several network television programs, including Car 54 Where Are You? ("The Curse of the Snitkins"), The Dick Van Dyke Show ("The Man From My Uncle"), I Spy ("Court of the Lion"), and Police Story ("Year of the Dragon"). He also had a small speaking part as a member of Sgt. Bilko's platoon in The Phil Silvers Show, 1957 episode "Boys Town". Cambridge gave an acclaimed performance alongside Tom Bosley in the episode "Make Me Laugh" of Rod Serling's Night Gallery, a story about a failed comedian who looks to a genie for a quick fix to success; the episode was directed by Steven Spielberg. He perhaps reached his largest television audience in a series of comical commercials for Jockey brand underwear.

He later appeared in Jean Genet's The Blacks: A Clown Show, giving a performance that earned him an Obie Award in 1961.[14] Four years later he did a stock version of A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum.

Stand-up comedy[edit]

In addition to acting, Cambridge had major success as a stand-up comedian. By 1965 he was earning "as much as $4,000 a week...in all respects a headliner, working the best places, such as San Francisco's hungry i and Hollywood's Crescendo."[9] He appeared on The Tonight Show. His routines were imbued with biting sarcasm and trenchant topical humor that was common in comedic circles at the time.[citation needed] He was noted for comic lapses from standard educated speech to Black street-speak.[citation needed]

Discography[edit]

  • Here's Godfrey Cambridge, Ready or Not... Epic Records FLM 13101 (mono)
  • Them Cotton Pickin' Days Is Over Epic Records
  • Godfrey Cambridge Toys With The World Epic Records
  • The Godfrey Cambridge Show: Recorded Live At The Aladdin, Las Vegas Epic Records

Personal life[edit]

Cambridge, along with writer Maya Angelou and actor Hugh Hurd, organized one of the first benefits for Martin Luther King, Jr. held in New York City; according to Angelou, it was held at the Village Gate in the late 1950s and raised $9,000 for King's civil rights movement.[15] (On his 1964 album Ready Or Not, Cambridge joked he was supporting Barry Goldwater, saying that the GOP presidential nominee had "come flat out against slavery...in principle!")

Cambridge married actress Barbara Ann Teer in 1962; the couple divorced three years later.[10] During the 1970s he remained in semi-retirement, making few public appearances[11] and marrying Audriano Meyers in 1972.[16]

Death[edit]

Cambridge died of a heart attack at the age of 43 while on the Burbank, California, set of the ABC television movie Victory at Entebbe, in which he was to portray Idi Amin.[3] Amin commented on Cambridge's death, saying it was "punishment from God."[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Big Stars, Family Friends Turn Out To Bid Actor Godfrey Cambridge Farewell". Jet. December 30, 1976. pp. –23. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  2. ^ Robinson, Louie (October 1967). "Actor-comedian claims obesity cost him job offers totalling $300,000". Ebony. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Godfrey Cambridge Dies on Studio Set". Jet (Johnson Publishing Company): 56. December 16, 1976. ISSN 0021-5996. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  4. ^ Russell, Thaddeus (2006). "Godfrey Cambridge". Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History (fee, via Fairfax County Public Library). Gale. Gale Document Number: GALE | K3444700229. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  5. ^ "Godfrey Cambridge - Black Comic Dies of Heart Attack". Merced Sun-Star. Associated Press. November 30, 1976. p. 2. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  6. ^ "Godfrey MacArthur Cambridge". Dictionary of American Biography (fee, via Fairfax County Public Library). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1995. Gale Document Number: GALE | BT2310016556. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  7. ^ Erickson, Hal. "Godfrey Cambridge - Biography - Movies & TV - NYTimes.com". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  8. ^ Tafoya, Eddie (2011). Icons of African American comedy. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood. pp. 69–86. ISBN 9780313380846. LCCN 2010054393. 
  9. ^ a b c "Comedians: They Have Overcome". Time. February 5, 1965. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Cambridge, Godfrey (1933-1976)". BlackPast.org. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  11. ^ a b "Godfrey Cambridge". Unique stage and screen talents. African American Registry. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  12. ^ a b Godfrey Cambridge at the Internet Broadway Database
  13. ^ "Dead-is-Dead - Trailer - Cast - Showtimes - NYTimes.com". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  14. ^ Godfrey Cambridge at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
  15. ^ "Hugh Hurd, 70, Actor With Role In Early Civil Rights Movement". Obituary. The New York Times. July 20, 1995. Retrieved 2010-11-19. Mr. Hurd joined with Godfrey Cambridge and Maya Angelou in organizing one of the first benefits in New York for the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., an occasion memorialized in Ms. Angelou's book The Heart of a Woman. The benefit, held at the Village Gate in the late 1950s, raised $9,000 for Dr. King's civil rights movement. 
  16. ^ "Godfrey Cambridge Begins New Life With New Family". Jet (Johnson Publishing Company): 20. November 27, 1975. ISSN 0021-5996. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  17. ^ "Amin: Actor was punished by God". St. Petersburg Times. December 4, 1976. Cambridge was often overweight and it was speculated that his habit of "yo yo dieting" may have been a factor in his early death. 

External links[edit]