Goesharde Frisian

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Goesharde Frisian
Gooshiirder
Native to Germany
Region Goesharde, Nordfriesland
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None
Linguasphere 52-ACA-eai to 52-ACA-eak[1]
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North Frisian dialects

Goesharde Frisian (North Frisian: Gooshiirder, German: Goesharder Friesisch) is a collective term for three of the ten dialects of the North Frisian language. Goesharde Frisian is spoken in the historical Goesharde region north of Husum. The three distinct dialects are Northern, Central and Southern Goesharde Frisian. The latter became extinct with the death of the two last speakers in 1980 and 1981 in Hattstedt.[2] Central Goesharde Frisian is therefore now the southernmost dialect of mainland North Frisian. The Northern Goesharde dialect is further divided into two local varieties: the Hoorninger Fräisch of Langenhorn and the Hoolmer Freesch of Ockholm.[3]

Current situation[edit]

The two remaining dialects of Goesharde Frisian are also threatened by acute extinction. Already in the early 20th century only Ockholm in the Northern Goesharde region had been identified as a "truly Frisian" village with a majority of Frisian-speaking households and children. Also the Central Goesharde Frisian is severely threatened.[4] In 2006 the last local speaker died in Bohmstedt and only few speakers are remaining in Drelsdorf.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "g". The Linguasphere Register. p. 170. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Århammar, Nils (October–December 2007). Munske, Horst Haider, ed. "Das Nordfriesische, eine bedrohte Minderheitensprache in zehn Dialekten: eine Bestandsaufnahme". Sterben die Dialekte aus? Vorträge am Interdisziplinären Zentrum für Dialektforschung an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (in German). University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. 
  3. ^ "Goesharden" (in German). Nordfriisk Instituut. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Laabs, Ingo (2009). "Der deutsch-nordfriesische Sprachkontakt". In Stolz, Christel. Neben Deutsch: Die autochthonen Minderheiten- und Regionalsprachen Deutschlands (in German). Universitätsverlag Brockmeyer. p. 26. ISBN 978-3-8196-0730-1.