Goessel, Kansas

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Goessel, Kansas
City
Alexanderwohl Mennonite Church, north of Goessel
Alexanderwohl Mennonite Church, north of Goessel
Location within Marion County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Marion County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 38°14′49″N 97°20′53″W / 38.24694°N 97.34806°W / 38.24694; -97.34806Coordinates: 38°14′49″N 97°20′53″W / 38.24694°N 97.34806°W / 38.24694; -97.34806[1]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Marion
Platted 1910
Incorporated 1952
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Dave Schrag [2]
 • City Clerk Anita Goertzen [2]
Area[3]
 • Total 0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)
 • Land 0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[1] 1,532 ft (467 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 539
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 523
 • Density 1,500/sq mi (590/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67053
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-26750 [1]
GNIS feature ID 0477764 [1]
Website City website

Goessel is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States.[1] It was named after Captain Kurt von Goessel (1852–1895) who went down with his ship, the Elbe, in the English Channel after it was rammed.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 539.[7]

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Marion County

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Goessel.[8]

The year 1874 saw the first wave of an immigration of German-speaking Russian Mennonite to south-central Kansas. The move was an attempt to preserve religious heritage and freedom after exclusion from military service was rescinded. During the next decade, one-third of Mennonites in Russia moved to North America. In 1874 a large portion of the Russian village of Alexanderwohl immigrated en masse to the United States aboard the ships Teutonia and Cimbria. This group split into two groups, the Alexanderwohl group sailed on the Cimbria then located around present day Goessel, and the Hoffnungsau group sailed on the Teutonia then located around present day Buhler and Inman.[9]

The Alexanderwohl group split into eight communal villages. The village of Gnadenfeld (translation is Green Field) was located where Goessel now stands.[10] The village lasted for several years as a communal village then families moved onto their own larger parcels of land nearby. Several years passed before a trading center developed. The first public structure erected in Goessel was the Mennonite Brethren church in 1890. One of the first businesses was a creamery station in the same year. In 1891, a small mercantile store was opened, then in the same year Dr. Peter Richert moved a building that was used as his doctor's office, then later it became a post office. Dr. Richert read the story of Captain Kurt von Goessel, who went down with his steamship Elbe in the English Channel. Dr. Richert decided to submit the name Goessel to the U.S. Postal Department, and it was accepted on April 13, 1895.[11]

20th century[edit]

In 1910, Goessel was platted and had a population of 100 people. In 1952, Goessel was incorporated and had a population of 260.[11]

Geography[edit]

Goessel is located at 38°14′49″N 97°20′53″W / 38.246972°N 97.348178°W / 38.246972; -97.348178 (38.246972, -97.348178).[1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.35 square miles (0.91 km2), all of it land.[3] The county line is 1 mile west of Goessel.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters with very cold periods.

Area events[edit]

  • Goessel Threshing Days,[12] located at Mennonite Heritage and Agricultural Museum. 37th annual in 2010. Old-fashioned threshing demonstration and show with more than 100 exhibitors from a 7-state area display and demonstrate antique equipment related to farming during the past century. Numerous antique tractors are displayed. Ethnic Mennonite food is available.
  • Goessel Harvest Festival[13]

Area attractions[edit]

  • Mennonite Heritage and Agricultural Museum,[14] 200 N Poplar St. The Mennonite Heritage Museum was dedicated in 1974. It is a museum of artifacts of the Mennonites that settled in the Goessel area. The museum has eight buildings that show the life of the immigrants that moved to Goessel.[15]
  • Alexanderwohl Mennonite Church,[16] 1 mi north on K-15 Highway.
  • Kansas Historical Marker - The Mennonites In Kansas,[17] 1 mi north on K-15 Highway.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 327
1970 386 18.0%
1980 421 9.1%
1990 506 20.2%
2000 565 11.7%
2010 539 −4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 539 people, 206 households, and 140 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,540.0 inhabitants per square mile (594.6/km2). There were 231 housing units at an average density of 660.0 per square mile (254.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 206 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.0% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 48.6 years. 22.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.9% were from 25 to 44; 23.4% were from 45 to 64; and 30.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.8% male and 54.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 565 people, 203 households, and 142 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,870.3 people per square mile (727.2/km2). There were 221 housing units at an average density of 731.6 per square mile (284.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.70% White, 0.18% Native American, 0.18% from other races, and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

There were 203 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 32.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 73.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.0 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $33,250, and the median income for a family was $42,727. Males had a median income of $30,313 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,106. About 2.2% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.7% of those under age 18 and 39.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The Goessel government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 3rd Monday of each month at 8PM.[2][19]

  • City Hall, 101 S Cedar St.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Goessel is part of Unified School District 411.[20][21]

Sports[edit]

The Goessel High School mascot is a Bluebird. All high school athletic and non-athletic competition is overseen by the Kansas State High School Activities Association. For 2010/2011 seasons, the football team competes as Class 8 Man - Division I.[25]

Past Championships:

  • 1988, 1st Place, Class 1A, High School Boys Basketball.

Library[edit]

Each USD 411 school has a library for student access.

The city is served by the Goessel City Library at 101 South Cedar Street. The library is a member of the North Central Kansas Libraries System, which provides an inter-library book loan service between its members.

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Radio[edit]

Goessel is served by numerous radio stations of the Wichita-Hutchinson listening market area,[26] and satellite radio. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Television[edit]

Goessel is served by over-the-air ATSC digital TV of the Wichita-Hutchinson viewing market area,[27] cable TV, and satellite TV. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

K-15 highway runs along the east side of the city.

Utilities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps