Goetsenhoven Military Airfield
|Goetsenhoven Military Airfield|
|IATA: none – ICAO: EBTN – LID:
|Elevation AMSL||247 ft / 75 m|
Goetsenhoven Military Airfield (ICAO: EBTN) is a Belgian Air Component base, located 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Tienen (Brabant Provincie), approximately 26 miles (42 km) east-southeast of Brussels (Bruxelles).
Goetsenhoven Airfield was one of the first airfields of Belgian military aviation. It was built in 1922 as a grass airfield by the Belgian Air Force (Aéronautique Militaire Belge). Its early use was that of observation aircraft of II Group, consisting of 10 Ansaldo A.300 or DH.9 Biplanes.
On 1 November 1939, as part of the wartime buildup, three squadrons of British built Fairey Fox III fighter/bombers with Nos. 3 (II Group), 5 (III Group) and 7 (IV Group) squadrons were assigned to the airfield as part of the 2e Régiment d'Aéronautique (2nd Air Regiment-Air Combat) In addition to the combat units, Goetsenhoven was also a was a Basic Flight School (Ecole de Pilotage Elémentaire) for the Belgian Air Force, equipped with Stampe SV.4s.
World War II
On 10 May 1940, Goetsenhoven was attacked by the Luftwaffe as part of the initial German attack on Belgium, killing several personnel, and was sized by the Wehrmacht within a day or two of the invasion. The squadrons of Goetsenhoven had to hastily retreat to other airfields, with the planes that were not destroyed by the Luftwaffe. They were eventually evacuated to France. During the occupation of Belgium, the airfield was used by the Luftwaffe as a reserve airfield, not stationing any units at the field.
In late October 1944, the airfield was attacked by USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauder medium bombers and P-47 Thunderbolts mostly with 500-pound General-Purpose bombs; unguided rockets and .50 caliber machine gun sweeps to insure that any German forces at the base were neutralized. Allied ground forces moved into the Tienen area around 20 October and the first American combat engineer units arrived at the airfield shortly afterward.
The USAAF IX Engineering Command 862d Engineer Aviation Battalion laid down a 3600' all weather Pierced Steel Planking runway at Goetsenhoven and rehabilitated some of the buildings for operational use for combat units. On 26 October the airfield was declared operationally ready and was designated as Advanced Landing Ground "Y-10", also being known as "Le Culot/East Airfield". Shortly after opening, the Ninth Air Force 371st Fighter Group moved P-47 Thunderbolt fighter aircraft to the airfield, remaining until 20 December until moving east with the advancing Allied ground forces.
Once the American combat units moved out, Goetsenhoven became a transport airfield for C-47 Skytrains, which flew frequently in and out of the American controlled airfield, supplying the front line forces with the necessary materiel to support their advance. On return flights to the rear area, casualty evacuation was performed by the transports.
At the end of the war Goetsenhoven was returned to Belgian control by the Americans on 25 June 1945.
After the war Goetsenhoven was totally rebuilt, with the metal runway being removed and the airfield returned to its prewar configuration as a grass airfield. It was reopened in 1950, and became the basis of the ESS (Elementary Flying School). In 1969 the flight training was upgraded to the SIAI Marchetti Aermacchi SF.260. Also, two all-weather asphalt runways were laid down on the site, replacing the grass runway.
In 1996 the flight training of the Belgian Air Force was centralized at Beauvechain Air Base, and the formal military presence came to an end at Goetsenhoven.
Besides the ESS during the weekends, the airport is also used by the local flying club De Wouw, following the closure of the ESS was working with engine and gliders. The airport is not open for flying on days that is also used by the Olympia Tiense Wielerschool for the training of young cyclists.
Presently two large hangars and a few support buildings comprise the airfield. Behind the hangars is the former military airbase, rebuilt after the war and closed in 1996. It is mostly in a state of decay and disuse.
- BELGIAN MILITARY AIRCRAFT DATABASE
- THE PERIOD 1919-1939 : IN-BETWEEN TWO WORLD WARS
- Goetsenhoven Airfield History
- Losses of the Belgian Air Force 10/5/1940-30/06/1940
- The Luftwaffe, 1933-45
- Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
- IX Engineer Command ETO Airfields, Airfield Layout
- Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- Vliegveld Goetsenhoven (In Dutch)
- Airport information for EBTN at Great Circle Mapper.
- Airport information for EBTN at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.