Gahlot

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Gahlot is a gotra (clan) of India. The variations of the name include Gehlot, Guhila, Gohil or Guhilot. It is associated with the royal Gurjar[1] and Rajput community, and Gahlot Rajputs once ruled in Banswara, Dungarpur, Mewar, Pratapgarh and Shahpura. These areas were all in the region now known as the state of Rajasthan.[2]

Etymology[edit]

After the fall of Vallabhi, Kamalavati, the wife of Maitraka king Shiladitya took refuge in a cave in the mountains of Idar and there gave birth to a son called 'Goha' or cave-born. Making over the child to a Brahmin woman, the queen followed her husband through the fire. The young prince, of a daring character and adventurous spirit, soon passed out of his guardian's hands, and joining the Idar Bhils was by them chosen king. Whether in sport or earnest, the election was real, and for several generations his successors ruled in Idar. At last Nagaditya or Aparajita the eighth prince was killed by his subjects. He left a son named Bappa Rawal who never succeeded to his father's chiefship, but became the founder of a greater kingdom, the present Mewar. The descendents of Goha took patronymic Gehlot.[3]

First Jauhar of Chittor[edit]

Ala ud din Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi, sent a marauding army across India in the 14th century CE; this army, commanded by Malik Kafur, defeated the Guhilot rulers of Mewar in 1303. The impending fall of Chittorgarh, the main bastion of the Guhilots, occasioned the famous Jauhar of 1303 AD.,[4][page needed] when the womenfolk, led by Rani Padmini,[5][full citation needed] collectively committed suicide rather than risk personal dishonor at the hands of the victorious invading army.

The Gehlots settled in Ahar,[6][page needed] where they were known as Aharya.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ List of Gurjar clans
  2. ^ Lodha, Sanjay (2012). "Subregions, Identity, and Nature of Political Competition in Rajasthan". In Kumar, Ashutosh. Rethinking State Politics in India: Regions Within Regions. Routledge. p. 400. ISBN 9781136704000. 
  3. ^ Arnold Wright (1922). Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey. Asian Educational Services. pp. 120–. ISBN 978-81-206-1965-4. 
  4. ^ Karkra, B. K. (2009). Rani Padmini The Heroine Of Chittor. Rupa & Company. ISBN 9788129115270. 
  5. ^ Aanald Webb, Rani Padmini Of Chittore : A Historical Romance
  6. ^ Rajasthan Government, Rajasthan district Gazetteers: Dungarpur (1962)