- Not to be confused with Goiânia.
|— Municipality —|
|The Municipality of Goiana|
|Nickname(s): One Museum Open at the Earth (Um museu aberto ao mundo)|
|Founded||August 3, 1892|
|• Mayor||Henrique Fenelon de Barros Filho (PCdoB)|
|• Total||501.17 km2 (193.50 sq mi)|
|Elevation||13 m (43 ft)|
|• Density||151.2/km2 (392/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|HDI (2000)||0.692 – medium|
Goiana is a city in Brazil in the northeast of the state of Pernambuco, about 65 km north of the city of Recife. It is built on a fertile plain between the rivers Tracunhaém and Capibaribe mirim near their junction to form the Goiana River, and is 25 km from the coast. It the easternmost city in Pernambuco, and the northernmost coastal city of the state. It is surrounded by, and is the commercial centre for, one of the richest agricultural districts of the state, which produces sugar, rum, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cattle, hides and castor oil. Goiana is one of the oldest towns of the state, and was occupied by the Dutch from 1636 to 1654.
The village was elevated to a parish in 1568 when Dias Diogo, a Christian of many new possessions, bought from D. Jerome de Albuquerque Sousa 10 thousand fathoms of land near the present city of Goiana, then Captaincy of Itamaracá, establishing a fortified ingenuity in the Valley of the Rio Tracunhaém. This has been the settler attack on the ingenuity Tracunhaém in 1574, in which Indians potiguara he exterminated the entire population of ingenuity. This episode caused the extinction of captaincy of Itamaracá and the creation of captaincy of Nova Paraíba.
In January 1640 went up between Goiana and the island of Itamaracá the squad of D. Fernando de Noronha, Count of Torre, and the Dutch, commanded by Corneliszoon Willen, a fight that would be immortalized in four prints of Frans Post.
On April 24 of 1646, fitted with sticks, stones, pots, pepper and boiling water, women of Tejucupapo, a small district of the city, won the Dutch that threatened their land and families. Event known and portrayed in this movie called "Epic of heroin of Tejucupapo" that the last Sunday of April is recount through a theatrical outdoor milestone in the Mother's Club. The production shows the lives of women who fought against the invaders and against prejudice.
Elevated to the post of town on January 15 of 1685, the city has earned forums on May 5 of 1840, the center of town on August 3 of 1892.
- Carne de Vaca beach
Which means in English beef meat is the first beach from the North coast of Pernambuco. Has a narrow sand strip, small waves and, when at low tides banks of sand before the natural reefs . Its located in a small village with few homes and a vast area of coconut trees. To the North, is the mouth of the Goiana River and to the South, is the small Doce river.
- Pontas de Pedras beach
Has weak waves, fine sand and lots of algae on the water. Is located in the urban core of the village, where several fishermen boats are always anchored. Together, with Carne de Vaca beach are the most popular beaches in Goiana.
- Barra de Catuama beach
This beach still retains some of native atlantic forest vegetation.
- Catuama beach
Has clear water, reefs and wet sand . At low tide, there are sand banks, stones and natural pools. Its located close to the village center, where is a church in devotion to Nossa Senhora da Penha - Our Lady of Penha.
- Atapuz beach
- Tabatinga beach
The main economic activities in Goiana are based in pharmaceutical and general industry, commerce and agribusiness, especially creation of goats, cattle, pigs, poultry; and plantations of sugarcane and coconuts. Goiana, it is one of the biggest producer of sugarcane, with an estimated production of over 1.1 millions tons in 2007.
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Economy by Sector 2006
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|HDI (2000)||Hospitals (2007)||Hospitals beds (2007)||Children's Mortality every 1000 (2005)|
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Video Goiana of the future