Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics

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Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Gokhale Institute Logo.jpg
Motto Education: An Ennobling Influence
Established 1930
Type Public
Location Pune, India
Director Rajas Parchure
Affiliations UGC
Website [1]

Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics (GIPE), commonly known as Gokhale Institute, is one of the oldest research and training institutes in Economics in India. It is located on BMCC Road in the Deccan Gymkhana area of Pune, Maharashtra – the city often termed as the Oxford of the East.

History[edit]

The Institute was founded on June 6, 1930 by R. R. Kale as a centre for research and higher learning in economics. The Institute was founded with an endowment offered to the Servants of India Society by Shri R R Kale. The Servants of India Society, a registered body founded by the nationalist leader Gopal Krishna Gokhale, are the trustees of the Institute. The Institute is registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860, and the Bombay Public Trusts Act, 1950.

The Institute was set up with an objective to conduct research on the economic and political problems of India and to train research workers in these disciplines. D. R. Gadgil was the first Director of the Institute.

Research[edit]

The major research areas of the Institute, developed over the years through financial assistance from various sources, are: Agricultural Economics, Population Studies, Economic History, Input-output analysis for planning and development, Microeconomics, Macroeconomics, Monetary economics, Financial Economics, Public Economics, International Economics and the study of economics of East European countries.

In the early years, the research activities were financed through assistance from various ministries and public funding agencies including the Government of Maharashtra and private foundations like the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust. In 1954, the Union Ministry of Food and Agriculture established the Agro-Economic Research Centre of the Institute. During the early fifties, the Rockefeller Foundation made a substantial grant, spread over years, for the conduct of a research programme in rural demography. The Union Ministry of Health also gave grants for conducting some specific demographic studies in 1954-57; and in 1964, the Ministry decided to strengthen and expand the research work on population by financing on a continuing basis a Population Research Centre as an integral part of the Institute. Ford Foundation gave a very generous financial assistance for more than a decade beginning with the year 1956. Later on, the Ford Foundation, in co-operation with the Planning Commission, provided a separate grant for research and training in the areas of planning and development, mainly devoted to input-output studies. In 1962, the University Grants Commission recognised the Institute as a Centre of Advanced Study in Agricultural Economics to start with and later, in 1964, as a Centre of Advanced Study in Economics. In 1977, the UGC, as a part of its Area Studies Programme, established at the Institute a Centre of Study of Economics of East European Countries. In the same year, the Reserve Bank of India instituted a Chair in Finance at the Institute.

Teaching[edit]

Although GIPE was primarily a research institute, it was recognized as an institution for higher learning in the field of economics, and it awarded MA, MPhil and PhD degrees in Economics under recognition from the University of Bombay from 1930 to 1949. With the establishment of the University of Pune in 1949, GIPE became a constituent recognized institution of the University of Pune until 1993. Keeping in view its professional standing and scope for further development, the Government of India, on recommendation of the University Grants Commission, declared GIPE as ‘Deemed University’ from May 9, 1993. With the grant of this status, the Institute now awards its own MA, MPhil and PhD degrees in economics. The Deemed University status allows the syllabi to be updated regularly in line with the domestic and international developments in Economics and related fields. The Institute was accredited it with A+ (grade) (score 90-95%) for a period of five years by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council on, and with effect from January 8, 2004.

Academic Programmes[edit]

The mainstay of the Institute is its MA Programme in Economics, which is acknowledged as one of the best in the country. Though the Institute offered the M Phil Programme for about a decade (1978–89), it discontinued the same, perhaps to devote better attention to the MA Programme and the research projects. The PhD Programme, started right from the inception of the Institute, still continues with a highly selective intake and hence a limited output. Several batches of students have been awarded the MA degrees and more than 165 students have obtained their doctoral degrees in different branches of economics since the inception of the Institute.

The goal of the Institute —to conduct research into the economic and political problems of India and train research workers in these subjects— has been reconceptualised over years so as to confine the activities of the Institute to teaching and research in Economics alone, leaving aside the political problems of India. However, the applied and empirical research into Indian economic problems and policy evaluations indirectly encompass the political dimensions as well.

The curricular content of the ongoing MA Economics Programme offers a blend of core and applied optional courses. The student-faculty ratio is 3:1 for the MA Programme. The Institute offers an option of undertaking a Master’s Thesis as one of its subject credits. Thesis course at the MA level is unique to the Institute; established with an aim to sharpen the research skills of students and enabling them to put their theoretical knowledge to practical use. The Institute also provides a one-year diploma computer programme to provide training on various econometric packages.

Publications[edit]

The Institute publishes a quarterly journal of economics in English, Artha Vijnana, the first publication of which was made in March 1959. This journal publishes results of research work carried out in the Institute as well as works of scholars from outside the Institute after a refereeing process. The Institute also publishes research works in the form of books and mimeograph series. The Kale Memorial Lecture, organised by the Institute every year on the occasion of the Founder's Day, is published under the Kale Memorial Lecture Series. Over 70 lectures have been delivered under this Lecture Series, and the list of speakers includes such prominent figures as: B R Ambedkar, John Mathai, P C Mahalanobis, V.K.R.V. Rao, K N Raj, V M Dandekar, I G Patel, Andre Beteille, Manmohan Singh, Amresh Bagchi, Jagdish Bhagwati, C Rangarajan and A P J Abdul Kalam. All the Kale Memorial Lectures delivered at the Gokhale Institute are published, and most of the Lectures' Text can be found on JSTOR (Journal Storage - an online archive for academic journals made available to researchers through participating libraries and institutions).

This is a List of Kale Memorial Lectures held at Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics since 1937 .

Year Speaker Title
1937 V. G. Kale Modern Tendencies in Economic Thought and Policy
1938 G. S. Ghurye The Social Process
1939 B. R. Ambedkar
1940 K. T. Shah The Constituent Assembly
1941 A. V. Thakkar The Problem of the Aborigines in India
1942 V. L. Mehta A Plea for Planning in Cooperation
1943 S. G. Vaze The Formation of Federations
1944 John Mathai Economic Policy
1945 S. R. Deshpande A Statistical Approach to Vital Economic Problems
1946 J. V. Joshi India's Sterling Balances
1948 C. D. Deshmukh Central Banking in India : A Retrospect
1949 D. G. Karve Public Administration in Democracy
1950 R. L. Dey Policy of Protection in India
1951 M. Venkatrangaiya Competitive and Cooperative Trends in Federalism
1952 A. D. Gorwala The Role of the Administrator: Past, Present and Future
1953 Laxmanshastri Joshi Indian Nationalism
1954 W. R. Natu Public Administration and Economic Development
1955 P. C. Mahalanobis Some Thoughts on Planning in India
1956 S. K. Muranjan Reflections on Economic Growth and Progress
1957 B. K. Madan Financing the Second Five-Year Plan
1958 V. K. R. V. Rao Some Reflections on the Rate of Saving in Developing Economy
1959 K. P. Chattopadhayay Some Approaches to Study of Social Change
1960 B. Venkatappiah The Role of Reserve Bank of India in the Development of Credit Institutions
1961 B. N. Ganguli Economic Integration : Regional, National and International
1962 A. Appadorai Dilemma in Modern Foreign Policy
1963 H. M. Patel The Defence of India
1964 M. L. Dantwala Agriculture in a Developing Economy: The Indian Experience (The Impact of Economic Development on the Agricultural Sector)
1965 Pitambar Pant Decades of Transition – Opportunities and Tasks
1966 D. R. Gadgil District Development Planning
1967 S. L. Kirloskar Universities and the Training of Industrial and Business Management
1968 E. M. S. Namboodripad The Republican Constitution in the Struggle for Socialism
1969 J. J. Anjaria Strategy of Economic Development
1971 Rajani Kothari Political Economy of Development
1972 V. V. John Education as Investment
1973 K. N. Raj The Politics and Economics of "Intermediate Regimes"
1974 H. K. Paranjape India's Strategy for Industrial Growth: An Appraisal
1975 Ashok Mitra Growth and Diseconomies
1976 S. V. Kogekar Revision of the Constitution
1977 M. N. Srinivas Science, Technology and Rural Development in India
1978 J. P. Naik Educational Reform in India : A Historical Review
1979 Tarlok Singh The Planning Process and Public Policy : A Reassessment
1980 Aloo J. Dastur Problems of Indian Minorities
1981 V. M. Dandekar Measurement of Poverty
1982 I. S. Gulati IMF Conditionality and Low Income Countries
1983 I. G. Patel Inflation - Should it be Cured or Endured?
1984 M. P. Rege Concepts of Justice and Equality in the Indian Tradition
1985 Andre Beteille Equality of Opportunity and the Equal Distribution of Benefits
1986 Manmohan Singh The Quest for Equity in Development
1987 K. R. Ranadive Town and Country in Economy in Transition
1988 Sukhamoy Chakravarti Development of Development Thinking
1989 Malcolm S. Adiseshiah Eighth Plan Perspectives
1990 D. T. Lakdawala Indian Public Debt
1991 B. S. Minhas Public Versus Private Sector: Neglect of Lessons of Economics in Indian Policy Formulation
1992 Verghese Kurien Agricultural and Rural Development in the 1990s and Beyond: What should India Do and Why?
1993 Raja J. Chelliah An Essay on Fiscal Deficit
1994 G. Ram Reddy The Financing of Higher Education in India
1995 Madhav Gadgil Patenting Life
1996 A. M. Ahmadi Constitutional Values and the Indian Ethos
1997 Vasant Gowariker Something Happening in India that this Nation Should be Proud of
1998 S. Venkitaramanan Dilemmas of Development: The Indian Experience
1999 Mihir Rakshit Post-Uruguay Round Trade Negotiations: A Developing Country Perspective
2000 A. Vaidyanathan Poverty and Development Policy
2001 Amaresh Bagchi Fifty Years of Fiscal Federalism in India : An Appraisal
2002 Jagdish Bhagwati The Globalisation Debate and India’s Economic Reforms
2003 C. Rangarajan Challenges for Monetary Policy
2004 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam The evolution of enlightened citizen centric Society (Politics without nobility is similar to a balloon without air )
2005 Utsa Patnaik Poverty and Neo –Liberalism
2006 Kirit S. Parikh Bridging Divides and Reducing Disparities
2007 Partha Chatterrje Democracy and Economic Transformation in India
2008 Prabhat Patnaik Speculation and Growth in Contemporary Capitalism
2009 C. B. Bhave Evolution of the Capital Markets And Regulations in INDIA
2010 Subir Gokarn Food Inflation: This time it's Different
2012 R.A.Mashelkar “Innovation Economy: The Challenge and Opportunities”

Campus[edit]

The Institute has a serene and beautiful campus of 5.25 acres (21,200 m2) and is located in the urban setting of Pune in Deccan Gymkhana area. The residential campus of the Institute comprising faculty and staff houses, guest houses, and the student dormitories, is built on a separate plot of 5.39 acres (21,800 m2), a few metres away from the Institute. There are two hostels, one for boys and another for girls. Adequate hostel accommodation is available for the existing students. The girls’ hostel was designed by the famous architect and urban planner Christopher Charles Benninger during 1996-1998.

The Institute campus is a mélange of old and new buildings spread over a large and lush green area. It provides just the right sylvan, solitary and peaceful setting required for learning and researching. After having undergone a recent landscaping, the campus attracts many a visitors as well. The campus consists of an academic block, faculty block, administration block, seminar hall and the Dhananjaya Rao Gadgil Library. There is a conference hall, known as Kale Memorial Hall, on the top floor of the Library which is used by the Institute and also let out to others on rent. The austere and majestic buildings radiate the old charm characteristic of the Pune city. On the Fergusson Hill behind the Institute lies the spot where Gokhale took the vows of the Servants of India Society – poverty, obedience, and service to nation - and administered them to three others. It has become a landmark because of the erection of a column there. Gokhale’s bungalow still stands in the precincts of the campus. A massive and graceful banyan tree adds to the charm of the place. This is said to be the tree under which Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Mahatma Gandhi (who regarded Gokhale as his political guru) used to muse over political issues in their times. The residential campus of the GIPE too, is set in the midst of lush greenery and gives the place a uniquely quaint contour, especially in the rains.

Library[edit]

The Dhananjaya Rao Gadgil Library was established in 1905 as a public library under the aegis of Servants of India Society with late Gopal Krishna Gokhale as one of its founding members. With the establishment of GIPE in 1930, the Library has started to act as the library of the Institute. Presently the Library is housed in a majestic four-storey building, which is a rare combination of colonial and modern architecture. Besides, some of the Library collections are also housed in a separate building inside the campus of the Institute.

The Library has one of the largest collections of social science documents in India. The total collection exceeds 2.5 lakhs of books and 470 national and international journals. It has a large number of publications on Economics and all allied social science subjects and successfully caters to the needs of scholars, academicians, policy makers and other users working in social science subjects in India and abroad. Though attached to GIPE, the library extends membership to outsiders also and thereby performs the dual function of an academic and a public library as well.

The Library is a depository library of the publications of the United Nations and its agencies, the World Bank, the European Economic Community, the International Monetary Fund, and the Government of Canada. The Library possesses quite a large number of rare books published before the advent of twentieth century and which may not be available elsewhere. The oldest book in the Library dates back to 1680. Besides, there are quite a few hundred books which were published during the 18th and 19th centuries.

References[edit]

External links[edit]