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|Gołąb or Hulupki|
Place of origin
|Cabbage, pork, beef, onions, rice|
Gołąbki [ɡɔˈwɔmpki] (also known as Golumpki in the United States ) is a cabbage roll common in Polish cuisine made from lightly soft boiled cabbage leaves wrapped around minced pork or beef, chopped onions, and rice or barley baked in a casserole dish. Usually served with a creamy tomato sauce.
Gołąbki is the plural of gołąbek, the diminutive of gołąb, meaning "pigeon", referring to the fist-sized or smaller roll's shape.
Polish myth holds the Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland Casimir IV Jagiello fed his army with gołąbki before a key battle of the Thirteen Years' War outside of Marienburg Castle against the Teutonic Order, victory stemming from the strength of the hearty meal.
Gołąbki are also referred to as golumpki, golabki, golumpkies, golumpkis or gwumpki. Similar variations are called holubky (Slovak), töltött káposzta (Hungarian), holubtsi (Ukrainian), golubtsy (Russian), balandėliai (Lithuanian), Kohlrouladen German (or sarma a Turkish loan-word, commonly applied to some Southern Slavic versions, particularly in the Carpathian and Balkan regions), kåldolmar (Sweden, from the Turkish dolma). In Yiddish, golumpki and holishkes or holep are very similar dishes.
In the United States, the terms are commonly Anglicized by second- or third-generation Americans to "pigs in a blanket", "piggies", "stuffed cabbage", "stuffed cabbage leaves", or "cabbage casserole".
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