Golant

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Golant
Cornish: Golnans
Fowey estuary at Golant.JPG
The Fowey estuary at Golant
Golant is located in Cornwall
Golant
Golant
 Golant shown within Cornwall
OS grid reference SX122548
Civil parish St Sampson
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FOWEY
Postcode district PL23
Dialling code 01726
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South East Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Coordinates: 50°21′46″N 4°38′30″W / 50.3629°N 4.6416°W / 50.3629; -4.6416

Golant (Cornish: Golnans)[1] is a village in south Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is on the west bank of the River Fowey and in the civil parish of St Sampson.[2]

Golant is about two miles (3 km) north of Fowey and seven miles (11 km) east of St Austell.[3]

Golant church is dedicated to St Sampson of Dol. The poet John Betjeman remarked that its pews were "extremely uncomfortable, recall the fidgets of Gus and Flora in Ravenshoe".[4] The church was mentioned in the book England’s Thousand Best Churches by Simon Jenkins.[5]

The village is on the Saints' Way long-distance footpath.[6] The Fishermans Arms pub overlooks the river. Annie Vernon, the Olympic rower, was a member of Castle Dore Rowing Club in Golant.[7]

History[edit]

Waterfall near Golant

A once well-used ford crossed the river near Golant.[8] During the English Civil War in 1644 a 10,000-strong parliamentary army fought Royalist forces in area. King Charles was in the area during the campaign.[9] The Earl of Essex and other prominent parliamentarians escaped by boat to Plymouth.[10] many 17th century cannonballs and musket balls have been found in the area.

Golant railway station known as Golant Halt was situated beside the river south of the village. It was served by trains on the Great Western Railway's Fowey branch line from 1 July 1896 until 4 January 1965. The train was affectionately known as The Rattler.[citation needed] The station has been demolished and the site is now a car park. Though the old foreman's shed still exists and is used by the boatwatch group.[citation needed] Par is now Golant's nearest railway station.

The Sawmills[edit]

Main article: Sawmills Studio

The Sawmills recording studio was established in 1974. The main building is a 17th-century water mill and the site has a documented history stretching back to the 11th century. Famous recording artists including XTC, Robert Plant, The Stone Roses, Oasis, The Verve, Supergrass, Muse, and Razorlight have recorded at the Sawmills.[11]

The studio was featured in the BBC programme Three Men in More Than One Boat starring Rory McGrath, Griff Rhys Jones and Dara Ó Briain shown in January 2009.[12] Little recording takes place at Sawmills nowadays and the building is principally a holiday let.

Notable visitors[edit]

  • Charles I of England, who camped at Castle Dore "on the night before the surrender of the Parliamentary army in 1644" according to Arthur Mee[13]
  • Giuseppe Garibaldi, who lodged with Colonel Peard for some time after the gaining of Italian independence; Peard had fought in the campaign and was known as "Garibaldi's Englishman".[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership.
  2. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 9780319229385
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 9780319229385
  4. ^ Betjeman, John, ed. (1968) Collins Pocket Guide to English Parish Churches; the South. London: Collins; pp. 147-48
  5. ^ Jenkins, Simon. "England's Thousand best Churches". Copac. Retrieved 24 April 2010. 
  6. ^ [1] Cornwall County Council website; The Saints' Way. Retrieved April 2010
  7. ^ "Annie Vernon". Amateur Rowing Association. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  8. ^ Paul Lightfoot. 'Exploring The Fowey Valley'. 2011. P65
  9. ^ 'Civil war battles in Cornwall'.1642 - 1646. Richard Holmes. (Mercia 1989)
  10. ^ 'Civil war battles in Cornwall'.1642 - 1646. Richard Holmes. (Mercia 1989)
  11. ^ The Sawmills Residential Recording Studios
  12. ^ Falmouth Packet newspaper website. Retrieved April 2010
  13. ^ Mee, A. (1937) Cornwall. London: Hodder & Stoughton; p. 250
  14. ^ Mee (1937); p. 250

External links[edit]