Gold Beach, Oregon

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Gold Beach, Oregon
City
Isaac Lee Patterson Bridge over Rogue River in Gold Beach
Isaac Lee Patterson Bridge over Rogue River in Gold Beach
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 42°24′8″N 124°24′55″W / 42.40222°N 124.41528°W / 42.40222; -124.41528Coordinates: 42°24′8″N 124°24′55″W / 42.40222°N 124.41528°W / 42.40222; -124.41528
Country United States
State Oregon
County Curry
Incorporated 1945
Government
 • Mayor Karl Popoff
Area[1]
 • Total 2.76 sq mi (7.15 km2)
 • Land 2.53 sq mi (6.55 km2)
 • Water 0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)
Elevation 50 ft (15.2 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,253
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,243
 • Density 890.5/sq mi (343.8/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97444
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-29900[2]
GNIS feature ID 1142804[4]
Website www.goldbeach.org

Gold Beach (Tolowa: yan-shu’-chit,[5] yan-shuu-chit’-dvn [6]) is a city in and the county seat of Curry County, Oregon, United States,[7] on the Oregon Coast. The population was 2,253 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The community was originally named Ellensburg in the 1850s, but later took the name Gold Beach after a beach near the mouth of the Rogue River where hundreds of placer mines extracted gold.[8] An Ellensburgh post office was established in 1863, changed to Ellensburg in 1877, and changed to Gold Beach in 1890.[8]

Mailboats based in Gold Beach have been delivering mail upstream to Agness since 1895, one of only two rural mailboat routes remaining in the U.S. The population was 2,260 as of July 2011.[citation needed]

Although Gold Beach had been a community since the middle of the 19th century, and the county seat since 1859, its current incorporation charter only dates to 1945.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.76 square miles (7.15 km2), of which, 2.53 square miles (6.55 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.60 km2) is water.[1]

Gold Beach is bordered to the north by the Rogue River and Barley Beach, also known as Bailey Beach.

Climate[edit]

Gold Beach has cool, very wet winters and mild, relatively dry summers. Average January temperatures are a maximum of 54.0 °F (12.2 °C) and a minimum of 40.6 °F (4.8 °C). Average July temperatures are a maximum of 67.7 °F (19.8 °C) and a minimum of 51.2 °F (10.7 °C). Annually, there are high temperatures of 90 °F (32 °C) on an average of only 0.1 days and there are low temperatures of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower on an average of 9.2 days. The record high temperature was 102 °F (39 °C) on September 10, 1973. The record low temperature was 12 °F (−11 °C) on January 21, 1962.

The average annual precipitation is 79.09 inches (2,009 mm). Measurable precipitation occurs on an average of 132 days. The wettest year was 1953 with 119.26 inches (3,029 mm) and the driest year was 1976 with 38.57 inches (980 mm). The most precipitation in one month was 34.48 inches (876 mm) in November 1973. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 7.94 inches (202 mm) on December 3, 1987. Snow is very rare in Gold Beach, averaging only 0.2 inches (5.1 mm) annually. The most snow in one year was 9.0 inches (230 mm) in 1972, including 6.5 inches (170 mm) in January and 2.5 inches (64 mm) in December.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 200
1900 112 −44.0%
1910 125 11.6%
1920 321 156.8%
1930 500 55.8%
1940 500 0.0%
1950 677 35.4%
1960 1,765 160.7%
1970 1,554 −12.0%
1980 1,515 −2.5%
1990 1,546 2.0%
2000 1,897 22.7%
2010 2,253 18.8%
source:[2][10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,253 people, 1,070 households, and 614 families residing in the city. The population density was 890.5 inhabitants per square mile (343.8 /km2). There were 1,322 housing units at an average density of 522.5 per square mile (201.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 0.3% African American, 2.0% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.9% of the population.[2]

There were 1,070 households of which 19.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.6% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05 and the average family size was 2.60.[2]

The median age in the city was 50.6 years. 16.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.4% were from 25 to 44; 36.5% were from 45 to 64; and 22.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,897 people, 829 households, and 509 families residing in the city. The population density was 813.7 people per square mile (314.4/km²). There were 987 housing units at an average density of 423.4 per square mile (163.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.09% White, 0.26% African American, 2.21% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.16% from other races, and 2.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.69% of the population.[2]

There were 829 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.75.[2]

In the city the population was spread out with 21.0% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 30.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.[2]

The median income for a household in the city was $30,243, and the median income for a family was $37,634. Males had a median income of $31,083 versus $23,512 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,717. About 8.8% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.[2]

Education[edit]

Gold Beach is served by the Central Curry School District. The schools, Riley Creek School and Gold Beach High School, are located in Gold Beach.

Notable people[edit]

Transportation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "American FactFinder". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Siletz Talking Dictionary". Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  6. ^ "Siletz Talking Dictionary". Retrieved 2012-06-04. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ a b McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon,: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 409–10. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  9. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?or3356
  10. ^ Moffatt, Riley Moore (1996). Population History of Western U.S. Cities and Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 210. ISBN 978-0-8108-3033-2. 
  11. ^ "Hollywood actor speaks to area rotarians". KCBY CBS 11. Retrieved 2008-04-03. 

External links[edit]