Gold Standard Act

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Gold Standard Act
Great Seal of the United States.
Long title An Act to define and fix the standard of value, to maintain the parity of all forms of money issued or coined by the United States, to refund the public debt, and for other purposes.
Nickname(s) Gold Standard Act of 1900
Enacted by the  56th United States Congress
Citations
Stat. ch. 41, 31 Stat. 45
Legislative history

The Gold Standard Act of the United States was passed in 1900 (approved on March 14) and established gold as the only standard for redeeming paper money, stopping bimetallism (which had allowed silver in exchange for gold). It was signed by President William McKinley.

The Act made the de facto gold standard in place since the Coinage Act of 1873 (whereby debt holders could demand reimbursement in whatever metal was preferred--usually gold) a de jure gold standard alongside other major European powers at the time.

The Act fixed the value of the dollar at 25 810 grains of gold at "nine-tenths fine" (90% purity), equivalent to 23.22 grains (1.5046 grams) of pure gold.

The Gold Standard Act confirmed the United States' commitment to the gold standard by assigning gold a specific dollar value (just over $20.67 per Troy ounce). This took place after McKinley sent a team to Europe to try to make a silver agreement with France and Great Britain.

On April 25, 1933, the United States and Canada dropped the gold standard.

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