Golden-crowned warbler

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Golden-crowned warbler
Flickr - Dario Sanches - PULA-PULA (Basileuterus culicivorus) (3).jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Parulidae
Genus: Basileuterus
Species: B. culicivorus
Binomial name
Basileuterus culicivorus
(Deppe, 1830)
Basileuterus culicivorus map.svg
Range of B. culicivorus

The golden-crowned warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus) is a small New World warbler.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It breeds from Mexico and south through Central America to northeastern Argentina and Uruguay, and on Trinidad. It is mainly a species of lowland forests.

Description[edit]

The golden-crowned warbler is 12.7 cm (5.0 in) long and weighs 10 g (0.35 oz). It has grey-green upperparts and bright yellow underparts. The head is grey with a black-bordered yellow crown stripe, a yellow or white supercilium and a black eyestripe. Sexes are similar, but the immature golden-crowned warbler is duller, browner and lacks the head pattern other than the eyestripe.

Taxonomy[edit]

Golden-crowned warbler has 13 geographical races, which fall into three groups. The Central American culicivorus group (known as the stripe-crowned warbler) is essentially as described above, the southwestern cabanisi group (known as Cabanis's warbler) has grey upperparts and a white supercilium, and the aureocapillus group (known as the golden-crowned warbler) of the southeast, which has a white supercilium and orange-rufous crown stripe.[2] The three groups are sometimes considered to be different species.

Behaviour[edit]

These birds feed on insects and spiders. The song is a high thin pit-seet-seet-seet-seet, and the call is a sharp tsip. It lays two to four rufous-spotted white eggs in a domed nest in a bank, often by a forest path, or under leaves on the forest floor. Parent birds will feign injury to distract potential nest predators.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Basileuterus culicivorus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Phelps, Justin; Contreras-González, A.M.; Rodríguez-Flores, C.; Soberanes-González, C.; Arizmendi, M.C.; Jaramillo, Alvaro (2012). Schulenberg, T.S., ed. "Identification – Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus)". Neotropical Birds Online. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  • Curson, Jon; Beadle, David; Quinn, David (1994). New World Warblers. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-7136-3932-6. 
  • ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd edition ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2. 
  • Hilty, Steven L (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5. 

External links[edit]