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|Range of B. culicivorus|
The golden-crowned warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus) is a small New World warbler.
Distribution and habitat
The golden-crowned warbler is 12.7 cm (5.0 in) long and weighs 10 g (0.35 oz). It has grey-green upperparts and bright yellow underparts. The head is grey with a black-bordered yellow crown stripe, a yellow or white supercilium and a black eyestripe. Sexes are similar, but the immature golden-crowned warbler is duller, browner and lacks the head pattern other than the eyestripe.
Golden-crowned warbler has 13 geographical races, which fall into three groups. The Central American culicivorus group (known as the stripe-crowned warbler) is essentially as described above, the southwestern cabanisi group (known as Cabanis's warbler) has grey upperparts and a white supercilium, and the aureocapillus group (known as the golden-crowned warbler) of the southeast, which has a white supercilium and orange-rufous crown stripe. The three groups are sometimes considered to be different species.
These birds feed on insects and spiders. The song is a high thin pit-seet-seet-seet-seet, and the call is a sharp tsip. It lays two to four rufous-spotted white eggs in a domed nest in a bank, often by a forest path, or under leaves on the forest floor. Parent birds will feign injury to distract potential nest predators.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Basileuterus culicivorus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Phelps, Justin; Contreras-González, A.M.; Rodríguez-Flores, C.; Soberanes-González, C.; Arizmendi, M.C.; Jaramillo, Alvaro (2012). Schulenberg, T.S., ed. "Identification – Golden-crowned Warbler (Basileuterus culicivorus)". Neotropical Birds Online. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- Curson, Jon; Beadle, David; Quinn, David (1994). New World Warblers. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-7136-3932-6.
- ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd edition ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2.
- Hilty, Steven L (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5.
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