Golden Bear (ship)

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TS Golden Bear
The third T.S. Golden Bear docked alongside the California Maritime Academy, February 17, 2007
Career
Name: Golden Bear
Owner: MARAD
Operator: California Maritime Academy
Ordered: 28 June 1985
Builder: Bethlehem Steel
Laid down: 29 July 1986
Launched: 4 September 1987
Commissioned: 31 March 1989
Out of service: September 1994 and laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet in Suisun Bay, California
Renamed: Renamed Golden Bear upon transfer to California Maritime Academy (CMA). Previously named USNS Maury
Reinstated: 4 May 1996 as TS Golden Bear
Homeport: Vallejo, California
Identification: IMO number: 8834407
Fate: Transferred to MARAD in 1994, CMA in 1996.
Notes: The former USNS Maury is the 3rd ship to bear the name Golden Bear, and the 4th training ship of the CMA.
Badge: CSU.PNG
General characteristics
Class & type: T-AGS
Type: Training
Tonnage: 10,939 long tons (11,115 t)
Displacement: 9,319 long tons (9,469 t) light
15,821 long tons (16,075 t) full
Length: 499 ft 10 in (152.35 m)
Beam: 72 ft (22 m)
Height: 151 ft (46 m)
Draft: 30 ft 6 in (9.30 m)
Propulsion: R5-V16 Twin diesels, 17,000 shp (12,677 kW), single 5-blade propeller, 18 ft 7 12 in (5.68 m) diameter
Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Range: 17,820 ft (5,430 m)
Capacity: 288

The TS Golden Bear is the training ship of the California Maritime Academy (CMA), a campus of the California State University. The first training ship of the California Maritime Academy was known as the Training Ship California State, then as the T.S. Golden State. Since then, there have been three ships to bear the name T.S. Golden Bear.

The current Training Ship Golden Bear was transferred to the United States Maritime Administration (MARAD) from the US Navy in 1994. She was converted for use by the CMA and transferred there in 1996.

TS Golden State[edit]

The first training ship of the California Maritime Academy was the T.S. Golden State. Originally planned to be named the SS Lake Fellowship, after construction, the ship was launched on October 19, 1919. After completion, she was commissioned in November 1920 as the SS Henry County. In the mid-1920s, the SS Henry County was placed out of service in the James River Reserve Fleet.

The Navy purchased the ship in 1930 and transferred it to the then-named California Nautical School. Commissioned as the C.T.S. California State on January 23, 1931, the cadets who lived aboard quickly gave her the nickname "Iron Mother." In December 1941, the ship was renamed the T.S. Golden State. She sailed on 12 major ocean cruises, including one around the world in 1933. She was also in service when the California Nautical School became the California Maritime Academy.

After being decommissioned on August 12, 1946, she was placed in the National Defense Reserve Fleet in Suisun Bay, California. In 1948, she was sold into private trade, and was operated under various names including Isle of Patmos and Santa Rosa until she was scrapped in Brazil in August 1962.

First TS Golden Bear[edit]

Main article: USS Mellena (AKA-32)

On September 25, 1944, the keel was laid for the USS Mellena, the twelfth of the Artemis-class attack cargo ship, at the Walsh-Kaiser Company Shipyard in Providence, Rhode Island. She was hull #1893. After construction, she was launched on December 11, 1944, and commissioned as the USS Mellena (AKA-32) on January 10, 1945.

After serving the Navy in the Western Pacific during World War II, she was decommissioned on June 11, 1946, at Mare Island Naval Shipyard. Immediately after her decommissioning, she was transferred to the CMA and commissioned as the Training Ship Golden Bear on September 7, 1946.

After serving as the T.S. Golden Bear, and sailing on 24 major ocean cruises, the first Golden Bear was decommissioned on May 14, 1971, and then sold for scrap.

Second TS Golden Bear[edit]

Originally named the SS Delorleans, the ship was contracted on December 16, 1938, by Maritime Commission as a Type C3 ship hull #49. The keel was laid May 8, 1939, by the Bethlehem Steel Company, Sparrows Point Maryland, where she was launched on February 17, 1940, and delivered to Delta Lines on August 23, 1940.

This was the third of a series of six ships designed by the Mississippi Shipping Company, as a modification of the standard C3 design, to carry both passengers and cargo between New Orleans and Buenos Aires on the so-called "Coffee Run". Twenty six staterooms accommodated 67 passengers on the shelter deck.

The US Government requisitioned the SS Delorleans on June 3, 1941. The Navy assumed control on June 9, 1941, and stripped the ship to prepare her for war duty, and she was commissioned on October 10, 1941, as the USS Crescent City. After involvement in almost all the major campaigns in the Western Pacific during WWII, the USS Crescent City was redesignated as APA-21 in 1943. Before being decommissioned in San Francisco on April 30, 1948, she earned a Navy Unit Commendation and 10 battle stars for her service in WWII.

The ship was transferred to CMA in May 1971, for conversion to a training ship. She was commissioned in June 1971 as the T.S. Golden Bear, then sailed on 28 major ocean cruises, over 24 years. The "Golden Bear II" was decommissioned in 1995 and placed in the reserve fleet.

In 1999, the City of Oakland, California purchased the ship and renamed it "Art Ship" as part of a failed art colony project. She was sold for scrap in 2004, but dismantling was halted because of high PCB levels and because she was considered too historic. Thereafter, she was privately owned and plans were put in place to convert her into a luxury hotel and museum.[citation needed] She had been laid up at Mare Island Naval Shipyard in Vallejo, California since 2004 pending these plans.

On November 7, 2011, she was publicly auctioned and sold to Esco Marine, Inc. Recommissioned as the "SS Pacific Star," she departed Mare Island for scrapping at Brownsville, Texas on January 15, 2012.

Third TS Golden Bear[edit]

Passing under the Golden Gate Bridge on the way out of San Francisco Bay
T.S. Golden Bear in Washington graving dock after a fresh coat of paint.

On July 29, 1986, the keel was laid for hull #4667, ordered under a MARAD contract for the Navy, at Bethlehem Steel in Sparrows Point, Maryland. After launching on September 4, 1987, she was delivered to the Navy on March 31, 1989, and entered service as the USNS Maury (T-AGS-39). At the time, the USNS Maury was the fastest and largest oceanographic ship in the United States fleet. She also featured a number of advanced oceanographic tools and technologies, including a "multi-beam, wide-angle precision sonar for continuous charting of a broad strip of ocean floor under the ship's track." In addition, the main engines, two Enterprise R5 V-16 diesel engines, were mounted on "rafts", isolated from the hull by rubber cushions, similar in nature to the acoustic isolation aboard nuclear submarines.

The USNS Maury was placed "out of service" in September 1994, and laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet in Suisun Bay, California. On October 1, 1994, she was stricken from the Navy rolls and transferred to MARAD under agreement that she would be transferred to CMA after retrofitting. After conversion of the living spaces aboard, she was transferred to CMA on May 4, 1996 and rechristened as the TS Golden Bear. Since that time, the ship has almost continuously undergone substantial repairs, remodeling and improvements, including periodic drydock inspections and overhauls. In early 2009, additional staterooms were installed, along with a supplemental MSD (Marine Sewage Device), and both the ship's gym and library were renovated.Current construction projects include an enclosed simulation laboratory for navigation training atop the 04 deck and refurbishment of the cadet living quarters on the 01 and 02 decks.

Sister ship[edit]

The sister ship of the USNS Maury, the USNS Tanner, was transferred to the Maine Maritime Academy after a similar conversion, where it is now known as the TS State of Maine.

See also[edit]

References[edit]