Golden S sign

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In medicine, the Golden S sign is a sign seen on imaging of the chest that suggests a central lung mass or lung collapse.[1] It was first described by Golden in 1925 in association with bronchial carcinoma,[2] but it is also seen in metastatic cancer, enlarged lymph nodes, and collapse of the right upper lobe of the lung.[1]

Appearance[edit]

The Golden S sign can be seen on plain radiographs as well as on computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest.[1][3] The sign is seen in the right lung as a distorted minor fissure, whose lateral aspect is concave inferiorly and whose medial aspect is convex inferiorly.[1] This produces a "reverse S" appearance, responsible for the sign being occasionally called the reverse S sign of Golden.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Gupta P (December 2004). "The Golden S sign". Radiology 233 (3): 790–1. doi:10.1148/radiol.2333021407. PMID 15564409. 
  2. ^ Golden R (1925). "The effect of bronchostenosis upon the roentgen ray shadow in carcinoma of the bronchus". Am J Roentgenol 13 (21). 
  3. ^ Reinig JW, Ross P (July 1984). "Computed tomography appearance of Golden's "S" sign". J Comput Tomogr 8 (3): 219–23. doi:10.1016/0149-936X(84)90065-1. PMID 6744924.