Golden Spike National Historic Site

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Golden Spike National Historic Site
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Map showing the location of Golden Spike National Historic Site
Map showing the location of Golden Spike National Historic Site
Location Box Elder County, Utah, USA
Nearest city Brigham City, UT
Coordinates 41°37′14″N 112°32′51″W / 41.6204818°N 112.547471°W / 41.6204818; -112.547471Coordinates: 41°37′14″N 112°32′51″W / 41.6204818°N 112.547471°W / 41.6204818; -112.547471[1]
Area 2,735 acres (1,107 ha)
Established April 2, 1957
Visitors 40,156 (in 2005)
Governing body National Park Service

Golden Spike National Historic Site is a U.S. National Historic Site located at Promontory Summit, north of the Great Salt Lake in Utah.

It commemorates the completion of the first Transcontinental Railroad where the Central Pacific Railroad and the Union Pacific Railroad met on May 10, 1869.[2] The final joining of the rails spanning the continent was signified by the driving of the ceremonial Golden Spike.

Background[edit]

The Golden Spike National Historic Site encompasses 2,735 acres (1,107 ha). In 2002, it received 49,950 visitors. It was authorized as a National Historic Site on April 2, 1957 under non-federal ownership. It was authorized for federal ownership and administration by an act of Congress on July 30, 1965.

In 1978, a general master plan for the site was adopted with the goal of maintaining the site's scenic attributes as closely as possible to its appearance and characteristics in 1869.

In 2006, a petition to the Board on Geographic Names resulted in a name change for Chinamans Arch, a 20-foot (6.1 m) limestone arch at Golden Spike NHS. Named Chinaman's Arch in honor of the 19th century Chinese railroad workers, the arch has now been officially renamed as the Chinese Arch to mollify sensitivities about the original name (which remains a common usage).

Replicas of Union Pacific No. 119 and the Jupiter at Golden Spike NHS.
Recreations of the Golden Spike ceremony are performed on a seasonal schedule.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Golden Spike National Historic Site at Wikimedia Commons