|Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)|
A Goldendoodle is a cross-breed (hybrid) dog obtained by breeding a golden retriever with a poodle. The name, which was coined in 1992, gets the first part, "golden", from golden retriever and the second part, “doodle”, from "poodle".
In the 1990s, breeders in both North America and Australia began crossing golden retrievers with standard poodles. The original purpose of the cross was to attempt to develop guide dogs suitable for visually impaired individuals with allergies. The goldendoodle is sometimes called a designer dog. The Encyclopædia Britannica traces the term "designer dog" to the late 20th century, when breeders began to cross purebred poodles with other purebred breeds in order to obtain a dog with the poodles' hypoallergenic coat, along with various desirable characteristics from other breeds.
The Goldendoodle is usually bred to be a family companion dog. It may suit families with severe dog allergies, if the puppy has inherited hair characteristics of its poodle parent.  Some are bred for careers in service to humans as guide dog, therapy dogs, or other types of assistance dogs, especially for people with allergies.
A person may select a goldendoodle because he or she loves golden retrievers, but would prefer a dog that sheds less hair. Although not all goldendoodles exhibit the non-shedding coat type of the Standard Poodle, most goldendoodles do have a low shedding coat. The goldendoodle is usually tolerable for people with allergies, especially a goldendoodle with a completely non-shedding coat. The goldendoodle may shed less than a golden retriever, but the degree of shedding will vary from dog to dog. Grooming requirements are as varied as coat types. A dog with a coat that sheds less will require more grooming than one that sheds more often. While some breeders claim that the goldendoodle is a hypoallergenic dog, no studies have proven that any canine is completely hypoallergenic. If they inherit the characteristics from the golden retriever parent, goldendoodles can make good bird dogs.
Like any other cross-breed, the appearance of goldendoodles vary from individual to individual. Different dogs will display differences in size, coat type, and color. There are three main coat types. There is the straight coat, which is flat and resmbles more of a golden retriever coat. The wavy coat type is a mixture of a poodle's curls, and a golden retriever's straighter coat. The last coat type is curly, which tends to look more like the poodle coat. A goldendoodle's size is generally somewhere between that of a poodle and the golden retriever parents. The ranges include standard, medium, and miniature(if the poodle parent was miniature).Upon reaching adulthood, a standard goldendoodle will often weigh 45 to 70 pounds. A medium goldendoodle will weigh between 30 to 45 pounds and a miniature goldendoodle will weigh approximately 15 to 30 pounds. The standard in height at the shoulder for a male goldendoodle is about 24-26 inches. For females, it is 22-23 inches. Some goldendoodles can reach heights of about 28 inches. Often, taller goldendoodles that inherit more from the golden retriever will be stockier and weigh substantially more. A stocky goldendoodle of said description may weigh more than the average golden doodle. It is very common for the golden doodle to inherit the "golden retriever bump" on top of his/her head.  Common coat colors include white, cream, apricot, gold, and red. Goldendoodles may also be black or a light sandy brown. Goldendoodles are classified into types according to the breed of the Goldendoodle's parents. An F1 goldendoodle is the offspring of a poodle mated with a golden retriever. An F1B goldendoodle is the offspring of a poodle or golden retriever with an F1 goldendoodle. An F2 Goldendoodle is the offspring of an F1 and another F1 Goldendoodle, and an F2B goldendoodle is the offspring of two F1B Goldendoodles. Many doodle owners with allergies have seen better results for their allergies from the F1B goldendoodle instead of an F1 goldendoodle.
Because poodles and golden retrievers are both highly intelligent, golden doodles are also very trainable. Golden doodles are usually very affectionate with people and other pets. They are human-oriented dogs, and tend to develop a strong bond with their owners and companions. Most golden doodles are calm and easy going, but they are active dogs that do require exercise. Golden doodles tend to be great family pets and are known to be especially good with children.
Breed status 
Some breeders prefer to restrict breeding to the first generation (F1) and first generation cross-back (F1B). This is done in an attempt to maximize genetic diversity and avoid the inherited health problems that have plagued many dog breeds.
Established breed associations such as the AKC, the UKC, and the CKC, do not recognize this hybrid, or any other designer cross, as a breed. However, some major kennel clubs do accept registration of crossbreed and mixed-breed dogs for performance events such as agility and obedience such as the Continental Kennel Club. The Continental Kennel Club will accept and grant a pedigree on a Goldendoodle as long as the parents have registration.
With knowledgable breeding, the goldendoodle tends to be a rather healthy dog, but poodles and golden retrievers are both susceptible to hip dysplasia. Therefore, an OFA or PennHIP exam is required to check for this problem before dogs are bred. Both breeds can also suffer from a number of inheritable eye disorders, so it is important that annual CERF (Canine Eye Registration Foundation) exams are performed before breeding.They are also prone to ear infections(and or yeast infections in the ears) from swimming. Because their ears hang and don't allow the water to drain this may result in ear infections. Von Willebrands disease (vWD), a bleeding disorder can also be found in the poodle and should be screened through DNA tests before breeding.
- "FAQ: Goldendoodles". The Goldendoodle and Labradoodle website. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- Wheeler 2008, p. 11
- Encyclopædia Britannica (online), designer dog
- "workingdoods". Goldendoodles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- "Doods & Generations". The Goldendoodle and Labradoodle Website. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- "Hypoallergenic Dogs Not Allergy-Proof, Study Finds | Hypoallergenic Dogs, Pet Dander & Pet Hair Allergies". LiveScience. 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- MacKenzie, Edie (2009). Goldendoodles: Complete Pet Owner's Manual. Barron's Educational Series, Inc. ISBN 0-7641-4290-9.
- "Dood Coat Colours". The Goldendoodle & Labradoodle Website. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- John Armstrong (2001). "The Poodle and the Chocolate Cake". The Canine Diversity Project. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
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