Golders Green Crematorium

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Coordinates: 51°34′38″N 000°11′37″W / 51.57722°N 0.19361°W / 51.57722; -0.19361 (Golders Green Crematorium)

Golders Green Crematorium

Golders Green Crematorium and Mausoleum was the first crematorium to be opened in London, and one of the oldest crematoria in Britain.[1][2] The land for the crematorium was purchased in 1900, costing £6,000, and the crematorium was opened in 1902 by Sir Henry Thompson.[2]

The crematorium,[3] the Philipson Family mausoleum, designed by Edwin Lutyens,[4] the wall, along with memorials and gates,[5] the Martin Smith Mausoleum,[6] and Into The Silent Land statue[7] are all Grade II listed buildings. The gardens are included in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[2]

Golders Green Crematorium, as it is usually called, is in Hoop Lane, off Finchley Road, Golders Green, London NW11, ten minutes' walk from Golders Green tube station. It is directly opposite the Golders Green Jewish Cemetery (Golders Green is an area with a large Jewish population). The crematorium is secular, accepts all faiths and non-believers; clients may arrange their own type of service or remembrance event and choose whatever music they wish.[1]

History[edit]

Cremation was not legal in Great Britain until 1885. The first crematorium was built in Woking and it was successful. At that time cremation was championed by the Cremation Society of Great Britain.[8] This society was governed by a council, at that time led by Sir Henry Thompson (president and founding member). There is a bust to his memory in the West Chapel of Golders Green Crematorium. Out of this Society was formed the London Cremation Company (which has its offices on the premises), who desired to build a crematorium within easy reach of London.

The crematorium in Golders Green was designed by the architect Sir Ernest George and his partner Alfred Yeates.[3] The gardens were laid out by William Robinson.[2] The crematorium is a red brick building in Lombardic style and was built in stages, as money became available.[2][3] The current crematorium was finished around 1939, although since then some buildings have been added. The crematorium opened in 1902. Since November 1902 more than 323,500 cremations have taken place at Golders Green Crematorium, far more than any other British crematorium. It is estimated that the crematorium now averages around 2,000 cremations a year. The funerals of many prominent people have taken place there over the last century.

The chimney of the crematorium is located within the tower and the building is in an Italianate style.[1] The 12 acres (4.9 ha) of gardens are extensively planted, and produce a beautiful and tranquil environment for visitors. There are several large tombs, two ponds and bridge, and a large crocus lawn. Another notable feature is a special children's section, which includes a swinging bench. There is also a 'communist corner' with notables of the Communist Party of Great Britain. There are two cremation chapels and a chapel of remembrance. There are also three columbaria containing the ashes of thousands of Londoners and residents of neighbouring counties.

There have been 14 holders of the Victoria Cross cremated here,[9] and there are locations and memorials for many other military personnel of all ranks, and from many countries. Largest among them is the Commonwealth War Graves Commission memorial, listing 486 British and Commonwealth military casualties of both World Wars who were cremated here. Designed by Sir Edward Maufe, it was unveiled in 1952. Built in Portland Stone with names listed on three bronze panels, it stands at head of an ornamental pond at the western end of the memorial cloister.[10]

At Christmas, a Christmas tree is erected in the field in front of the main buildings. Although the crematorium is secular, a nativity scene is also placed near the chapel of remembrance.

Visiting[edit]

A map of the Gardens of Remembrance and some information on persons cremated here is available from the office. The staff are very helpful in finding a specific location. The columbaria are now locked, although they can still be visited (accompanied). There is also a tea room.[3]

Cremations[edit]

Among those whose ashes are retained or were scattered here, are:

Among those cremated here, but whose ashes are elsewhere, are:

Gallery[edit]

Scenes around Golders Green Crematorium
The Philipson Mausoleum by Edwin Lutyens 
The Smith Mausoleum by Paul Phipps 
The Memorial Garden 
The Children's Garden 
Memorial plaques to Marc Bolan and Keith Moon 
The statue of Ghanshyam Das Birla 
The Vase with the ashes of Sigmund and Martha Freud 
Urn with the ashes of Anna Pavlova 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Golders green Crematorium
  2. ^ a b c d e Golders Green Crematorium - Register of Historic Parks and Gardens by English Heritage
  3. ^ a b c d Golders Green Crematorium - English Heritage Listed Buildings
  4. ^ Mausoleum To The Philipson Family, Golders Green Crematorium
  5. ^ Wall to Golders Green Crematorium and Attached Memorials and Gates
  6. ^ Martin Smith Maussoleum, Golders Green Crematorium
  7. ^ Golders Green Crematorium, Statue in the Grounds Titled Into The Silent Land
  8. ^ History of the Cremation Society of Great Britain
  9. ^ [1] Burial Locations VC Holders.
  10. ^ "CWGC Debt of Honour Register". 
  11. ^ a b c d Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 1
  12. ^ Boris Vasilievich Anrep at Find a Grave
  13. ^ Pegaret Keeling 1915–2000
  14. ^ a b c d Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 2
  15. ^ Eric Blom at Find a Grave
  16. ^ Enid Blyton at Find a Grave
  17. ^ Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 3
  18. ^ a b c d e Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 4
  19. ^ a b c d e Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 5
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 6
  21. ^ a b Younger, Coralie (2003). "Molly Fink". Wicked women of the Raj. Harper Collins. pp. 115–137. ISBN 978-81-7223-454-6. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 7
  23. ^ a b c d e f g Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 8
  24. ^ a b c d Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 9
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 10
  26. ^ Hal Moggridge: Jellicoe. In: H. C. G. Matthew, Brian Harrison (ed.): Oxford dictionary of national biography. From the earliest times to the year 2000. Vol. 29. Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York 2004, ISBN 0-19-861379-2, pp 921–924.
  27. ^ a b c d e f Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 11
  28. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume XIII - Peerage Creations 1901-1938. St Catherine Press. 1949. p. 362. 
  29. ^ a b c d e Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 12
  30. ^ a b c d e f Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 13
  31. ^ Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 14
  32. ^ a b c d Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 15
  33. ^ a b Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 16
  34. ^ a b Oldfield, Sybil, "Dame Kathleen Rochard", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press), retrieved 4 January 2013 
  35. ^ a b Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 17
  36. ^ Death of Sir Henry Thompson History of Modern Cremation in Great Britain from 1874: The First Hundred Years]
  37. ^ Tommy Vance Funeral To Be A 'Celebration Of His Life'
  38. ^ Vesta Victoria at Find A Grave
  39. ^ Bernie Winters at Find A Grave
  40. ^ Maurice Woodruff at Find a Grave
  41. ^ Neville Chamberlain at Find A Grave
  42. ^ T. S. Eliot at UK Poets
  43. ^ Lily Elsie biography
  44. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/45884475
  45. ^ Rees, Brian (1986). A Musical Peacemaker, The Life and Works of Sir Edward German. Kensal Press. p. 282. ISBN 0-946041-49-0. 
  46. ^ W S Gilbert his life and letters
  47. ^ "Death of Sir C.S. Henry, Bart., M.P. for Wrekin Division (main story), The Funeral (sub story)". Shrewsbury Chronicle. 2 January 1920. p. 3. 
  48. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume XIII, Peerage Creations 1901-1938. St Catherine's Press. 1949. p. 182. 
  49. ^ [2] Find a Grave entry.
  50. ^ Ernest Jones at Welsh Biography Online
  51. ^ Welsh Biography Online (accessed 17 May 2011)
  52. ^ Leonid Krasin at Find A Grave
  53. ^ Alice Liddell at Find A Grave
  54. ^ Funerals of the Famous: Vivien Leigh
  55. ^ Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll
  56. ^ Encyclopedia of cremation by Douglas James Davies, Lewis H. Mates
  57. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume XIII, Peerage Creations 1901-1938. 1949. p. 87. 
  58. ^ [3] Peter O'Toole's Funeral, London UK 12/21/13
  59. ^ H. G. Pelissier at Find A Grave
  60. ^ "CWGC Debt of Honour Register". 
  61. ^ King Prajadhipok at Find A Grave
  62. ^ Wendy Richards at Find a Grave
  63. ^ Arnold Ridley at Find A Grave
  64. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume XIII - Peerage Creations 1901-1938. St Catherine's Press. 1949. p. 495. 
  65. ^ [4] Find a Grave.
  66. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 48. p. 677. The ODNB does not mention the cremation.
  67. ^ The Cremation Society of England
  68. ^ The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 51. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 118. 
  69. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 54. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 118. ISBN 0-19-861404-7. 
  70. ^ Browse by Cemetery: Golders Green Crematorium at Find a Grave, page 18
  71. ^ Amy Winehouse to Be Cremated Following Emotional Funeral

Further reading[edit]

  • Jupp, Peter C. & Hilary J. Grainger, Golders Green Crematorium 1902-2002: A London Centenary in Context, London Cremation Society, 2002, ISBN 978-0-9543529-0-5
  • Meller, Hugh & Brian Parsons, London Cemeteries: an illustrated guide and gazetteer, The History Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-7509-4622-3.
  • Beach, Darren, London´s Cemeteries, Metro Guides, 2006, ISBN 1-902910-23-0.

External links[edit]