|Area||12.11 km2 (4.68 sq mi)|
|• Density||330/km2 (870/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Goleszów [ɡɔˈlɛʂuf] (German: Golleschau) is a village and the seat of Gmina Goleszów (an administrative district) in Cieszyn County in Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of about 4,000.
It is one of the oldest villages in Cieszyn Silesia. It was first mentioned in a document of Bishop of Wrocław issued on 23 May 1223 for Norbertine Sisters in Rybnik among villages paying them a tithe, as Goles(u)ov(u)o.
Politically it belonged then to the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz and the Castellany of Cieszyn, which was in 1290 formed in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland into the Duchy of Teschen, ruled by a local branch of Silesian Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of the Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became a part of the Habsburg Monarchy.
The village became a seat of a Catholic parish, according to a secondary source from the 19th century a stone church was already build in 1293. The parish was then mentioned in the register of Peter's Pence payment from 1447 among 50 parishes of Teschen deaconry as Boleschaw.
In the late 19th century Goleszów became an important railway junction. In 1898 a cement plant was opened there, which lead to industrialisation of the village.
After the World War I, fall of Austria-Hungary, Polish–Czechoslovak War and division of Cieszyn Silesia, the village became a part of the Second Polish Republic. After German invasion of Poland in 1939, the area became a part of Nazi Germany until 1945. A subcamp of Auschwitz concentration camp operated there.
Goleszów also has a small ski jumping complex belonging to the club Olimpia Goleszów.
- Panic, Idzi (2000). "Z badań nad osadami zanikłymi na Górnym Śląsku w średniowieczu. Uwagi w sprawie istnienia zaginionych wsi podcieszyńskich, Nageuuzi, Suenschizi, suburbium, Radouiza, Zasere, Clechemuje oraz Novosa". Pamiętnik Cieszyński (Polskie Towarzystwo Historyczne Oddział w Cieszynie) (15): 29–37. ISSN 0137-558X. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 294. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5.
- "Registrum denarii sancti Petri in archidiaconatu Opoliensi sub anno domini MCCCCXLVII per dominum Nicolaum Wolff decretorum doctorem, archidiaconum Opoliensem, ex commissione reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Conradi episcopi Wratislaviensis, sedis apostolice collectoris, collecti". Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens (in German) (Breslau: H. Markgraf) 27: 361–372. 1893. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
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