Goliad County, Texas

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Goliad County, Texas
Goliad courthouse.jpg
The Goliad County Courthouse in Goliad. The courthouse and the surrounding square were added to the National Register of Historic Places on June 29, 1976.
Map of Texas highlighting Goliad County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 2, 1836
Named for Miguel Hidalgo
Seat Goliad
Largest city Goliad
Area
 • Total 859 sq mi (2,225 km2)
 • Land 852 sq mi (2,207 km2)
 • Water 7 sq mi (18 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 7,210
 • Density 8.1/sq mi (3.1/km²)
Congressional district 34th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.goliad.tx.us

Goliad County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population is 7,210.[1] Its county seat is Goliad.[2] The county was founded in 1836 and is named for Father Miguel Hidalgo; "Goliad" is an anagram of Hidalgo,[3] minus the silent H.

Goliad County is a part of the Victoria, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The first declaration of independence for the Republic of Texas was signed in Goliad on December 20, 1835, although the formal declaration was made by the Convention of 1836 at Washington-on-the-Brazos. Goliad County was the site of two battles in the Texas Revolution. The Battle of Goliad was a minor skirmish early in the war. However the subsequent battle of Coleto was an important battle that culminated on March 27, 1836. Col. James Fannin and his Texan soldiers were executed by the Mexican army, under orders from Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna, in what became known as the Goliad Massacre. This event led to the Texas Revolutionary battle cry "Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!" Although many remember the Alamo today, fewer remember Goliad. The site of the massacre is located in Goliad State Park, just south of the town of Goliad.

Goliad County is also the birthplace of General Ignacio Zaragoza, who led the Mexican army against the invading forces of Napoleon III in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862 ("Cinco de Mayo").

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 859 square miles (2,220 km2), of which 852 square miles (2,210 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4]

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 648
1860 3,384 422.2%
1870 3,628 7.2%
1880 5,832 60.7%
1890 5,910 1.3%
1900 8,310 40.6%
1910 9,909 19.2%
1920 9,348 −5.7%
1930 10,093 8.0%
1940 8,798 −12.8%
1950 6,219 −29.3%
1960 5,429 −12.7%
1970 4,869 −10.3%
1980 5,193 6.7%
1990 5,980 15.2%
2000 6,928 15.9%
2010 7,210 4.1%
Est. 2012 7,351 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1850-2010[6]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 6,928 people, 2,644 households, and 1,975 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,426 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.62% White, 4.82% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 10.05% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. 35.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,644 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 22.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,201, and the median income for a family was $40,446. Males had a median income of $30,954 versus $20,028 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,126. About 11.90% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.70% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Goliad County is served by the Goliad Independent School District.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Other places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 139. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  6. ^ Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010 Retrieved December 16, 2013
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°39′N 97°26′W / 28.65°N 97.43°W / 28.65; -97.43