Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

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Guoluo Prefecture
果洛州
Autonomous prefectures
果洛藏族自治州
མགོ་ལོག་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་
Eastern Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Eastern Guoluo Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Location of Golog Prefecture in Qinghai
Location of Golog Prefecture in Qinghai
Country People's Republic of China
Province Qinghai
Prefecture seat Maqên County (Dawu)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website guoluo.gov.cn

Golog (or Guoluo) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 果洛藏族自治州; pinyin: Guǒluò Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu; Tibetan: མགོ་ལོག་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་Wylie: Mgo-log Bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul) is an autonomous prefecture occupying the southeastern corner of Qinghai province, People's Republic of China. The prefecture has an area of 76,312 km2 (29,464 sq mi) and its seat is located in Maqên County.

Geography[edit]

Golog Prefecture is located in the southeastern part of Qinghai, in the upper basin of the Yellow River. Gyaring Lake and Ngoring Lake on the western edge of the prefecture are considered to be the source of the Yellow River. However, these lakes do receive water from rivers that flow from locations even further west, in Qumarleb County of the Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

The lay of the land of the prefecture is largely determined by the Amne Machin mountain range (max elevation 6,282 m), which runs in the general northwest- to-southeast direction across the entire prefecture, and beyond. The existence of the ridge results in one of the great bends of the Yellow River, which first flows for several hundreds of kilometers toward the east and southeast along through the entire Golog Prefecture, along the southern side of the Amne Machin Range, until it reaches the borders of Gansu and Sichuan; it and then turns almost 180 degrees and flows toward the northwest for 200–300 km (120–190 mi) through several prefectures of the northeastern Qinghai, forming a section of the northeastern border of the Golog prefecture.

Several sections of the Sanjiangyuan ("Sources of Three Rivers") National Nature Reserve are within the prefecture.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2000 census, Guoluo has 137,940 inhabitants with a population density of 1.81 inhabitants/km².

Ethnic groups in Guoluo, 2000 census[edit]

Nationality Population Percentage
Tibetan 126,395 91.63%
Han 9,096 6.59%
Hui 1,529 1.11%
Salar 329 0.24%
Tu 302 0.22%
Others 289 0.21%

Subdivisions[edit]

The prefecture is subdivided into six county-level divisions: six counties:

Map
Golog mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Maqên County 玛沁县 Mǎqìn Xiàn རྨ་ཆེན་རྫོང་ rma chen rdzong 51,245 13,636 3.75
2 Baima County 班玛县 Bānmǎ Xiàn པད་མ་རྫོང་ pad ma rdzong 27,185 6,452 4.21
3 Gadê County 甘德县 Gāndé Xiàn དགའ་བདེ་རྫོང་ dga' bde rdzong 34,840 7,143 4.87
4 Darlag County 达日县 Dárì Xiàn དར་ལག་རྫོང་ dar lag rdzong 30,995 15,385 2.01
5 Jigzhi County 久治县 Jiǔzhì Xiàn གཅིག་སྒྲིལ་རྫོང་ gcig sgril rdzong 26,081 8,696 2.99
6 Madoi County 玛多县 Mǎduō Xiàn རྨ་སྟོད་རྫོང་ rma stod rdzong 11,336 25,000 0.45

Transport[edit]

Construction for Golog Airport began in September 2012 and the airport is expected to start operation in 2015.[1]

3,000 km (1,900 mi) of new roads are expected to be built by 2015.[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 1. The Qinghai Part of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3
  • B. Horlemann: Modernization Efforts in Golog: A Chronicle, 1970–2000 (PDF), in: Amdo Tibetans in Transition: Society and Culture in the Post-Mao Era. Edited by Toni Huber. 2: 241–67, 2002.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "果洛机场14日正式奠基 预计2015年竣工通航". Carnoc. 2012-09-15. Retrieved 2012-09-15. 
  2. ^ "China to invest 3.5b yuan for Tibetan roads". Chinadaily. 2012-09-01. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°07′N 99°19′E / 34.117°N 99.317°E / 34.117; 99.317