Goltho

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Goltho
St George, Goltho - geograph.org.uk - 434903.jpg
Church of St George, Goltho
Goltho is located in Lincolnshire
Goltho
Goltho
 Goltho shown within Lincolnshire
OS grid reference TF117769
   – London 120 mi (190 km)  S
Civil parish Goltho
District West Lindsey
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MARKET RASENhttps://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Goltho&action=edit
Postcode district LN8
Dialling code 01673
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Gainsborough
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 53°16′41″N 0°19′30″W / 53.277942°N 0.32491708°W / 53.277942; -0.32491708

Goltho is a hamlet in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 1 mile (1.6 km) south-west from Wragby, and 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south from the A158 road.

Wragby and Goltho Limewood Walk, through one of the Lincolnshire Limewoods National Nature Reserves, passes Goltho Hall, Goltho Chapel and Goltho deserted medieval village.[1]

History[edit]

The settlemant has Anglo-Saxon roots.[citation needed] There was a Romano-British settlement at Goltho in the 1st and 2nd centuries.[2]

The origin of the name is uncertain, perhaps from an Old Scandinavian (Viking) first name or the Viking word for "ravine", or as is widely accepted locally, "where the marigolds grow", referred to in Henry Thorold's guide to the redundant St George's Church, Goltho.[3]

The remains of the early medieval village were excavated in the 1970s. A Saxon settlement on the site consisted of two houses; about 850 the site was fortified with the addition of a banked enclosure, and a hall was added. A motte-and-bailey castle was built at Goltho in around 1080.[2]

Goltho Hall was the ancestral seat of the Grantham family.[4] Sir Thomas Grantham (1574–1630) was Sheriff of Lincoln in 1600[5] and MP for Lincolnshire from 1621 to 1622. He was a shareholder in the Virginia Company[6] and is listed in the Third Virginia Charter of 1612.[7] He was a Puritan[8] and was imprisoned in Lincoln Castle for refusing to pay Ship Money.[9] His son Thomas (1612–1655) was MP for Lincoln during the Long Parliament[10] and raised a regiment of foot which fought at the Battle of Aylesbury[11] in 1642. The hall was eventually sold to the Mainwairing family and demolished in 1812.[12] The present hall was built nearby in 1875.[13]

The village is described in White's 1842 Lincolnshire Directory as "a parish of scattered farms", covering about 1,360 acres (5.5 km2). Goltho ecclesiastical parish was united with Bullington to form one tithe-free parish in the peculier jurisdiction of the Bishop of Lincoln. Together, the two parishes covered about 2,540 acres (10.3 km2).

Community[edit]

Goltho is one of 128 civil parishes in the district of West Lindsey,[14] and is approximately 10 miles (16 km) north-east from the city and county town of Lincoln. Wragby parish lies to the east, Rand parish to the north and Apley parish to the south. The parish is skirted at the north by the A158 trunk road as it passes between Lincoln and Horncastle.

The ecclesiastical parish, after the closure of St Georges, is Rand & Goltho, based around the church of St Oswald in Rand. The ecclesiastical parish is part of the Wragby Group of the Deanery of Horncastle. The 2013 incumbent is The Rev'd Mark Holden[15][16]

Goltho is part of the Gainsborough Constituency. As of the 2005 general election, the Member of Parliament is Edward Leigh.

There are three listed buildings in Goltho: Goltho Hall and its garden wall and pigeoncote (both Grade II), and the Church of St George (Grade II*).[17] St George's was founded about 1640, with alterations in the 18th and 19th centuries.[18] The church was badly damaged in a fire on 21 October 2013.[19][20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (PDF)"Wragby and Goltho"; Lincolnshire Limewood Walks, Lincolnshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 June 2012
  2. ^ a b "Goltho Medieval Settlement Earthwork and Cropmark Site", English Heritage. Retrieved 3 June 2012
  3. ^ Henry Thorold. St George's church, Goltho. 
  4. ^ "Goltho, LIN". Genuki. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "Sheriffs of Lincoln". Tudorplace.com.ar. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  6. ^ "Grantham Genealogy, Grantham Gazette, contact Ronald E. Johnson 828-479-8400". Graham.main.nc.us. 11 September 1999. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  7. ^ "3rd Virginia Charter". Gen.culpepper.com. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  8. ^ Memoirs of Pliny Earle, M.D. – Franklin Benjamin Sanborn – Google Books. Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Hotten's Original List of persons of quality, emigrants, religious exiles, political rebels, etc. who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations 1600 – 1700". Allcensus.com. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "English Civil War Regiment of Lord Molyneux and civil war battles". Molyneuxs.com. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "The Battle of Aylesbury, 1642". Met.open.ac.uk. 8 November 2000. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "England's Lost Country Houses | complete list of demolished country houses in England". Lh.matthewbeckett.com. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  13. ^ "Goltho, LIN". Genuki. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  14. ^ List of Parishes, West Lindsey District Council, retrieved 31 March 2010 
  15. ^ "Rand & Goltho P C C". Diocese of Lincoln. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Map of Eclesiastical parish boundary". Church of England. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  17. ^ Listed Buildings in West Lindsey (PDF), West Lindsey District Council, p. 19, retrieved 31 March 2010 
  18. ^ "Church of St George", Images of England (English Heritage), retrieved 31 March 2010 
  19. ^ Fish, Elisabeth (21 October 2013). "Village church destroyed in fire". The Lincolnite. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  20. ^ "Fire in chapel at Goltho near Wragby". Market Rasen Mail. 21 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. Firefighters from Wragby, Market Rasen and Lincoln have extinguished a large blaze at a disused chapel at Goltho 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Goltho at Wikimedia Commons
  • "Goltho Manor"; Gatehouse-gazetteer.info. Retrieved 3 June 2012