Golub Babić

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Golub Babić
Голуб Бабић
Golub Babich.jpg
Born (1824-09-07)7 September 1824
Trubar, Drvar, Bosnia Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
Died 19 December 1910(1910-12-19) (aged 86)
Sarajevo, Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungary
Occupation Commander, Rebel, Hajduk
Nationality Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian
Ethnicity Serb

Golub Babić (Serbian Cyrillic: Голуб Бабић; 7 September 1824 – 19 December 1910) was a Bosnian Serb guerrilla chief and one of the most important rebel commanders of the Herzegovina Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.

Biography[edit]

Photograph of Babić; date unknown

Born in the Bosnian village of Trubar, near the city of Drvar, on 7 September 1824 of father Ilija and mother Vasilija. He fought against the Turkish oppression as a guerrilla chief in the southwestern border of Bosnia. In the revolutionary 1848, during the Hungarian Revolution, he was a part of the Serbian volunteer detachment under the command of Stevan Petrović Knićanin in the fighting in Vojvodina. He returned to Bosnia and in 1858 participated in the Doljanska rebellion where his older brother Božo was killed. Till 1863 he lived in Slavonia, in Pakrac, where most of the Babić family moved along with a lot of people following the failure of the Bosnian Krajina Doljan rebellion. In the winter of 1863 he came with his family in Đakovo, invited by Bishop of Đakovo Josip Juraj Strossmayer, where lived a few months under his protection, and then moved to Serbia, fearing the Austrian authorities could hand him over the Turks, but also because bishop’s pressure to convert him to Catholicism, whereas Golub replied to him: "Just because of the religion we left the women and little children, our homeland and that little poverty there. And if we wanted to overturn the faith, we would be rather become a Turk, so in our country would live freely as beys." Since 1864. up to 1875 together with his family lived in Serbia, in a village near Obrenovac, Stubline, where they were placed by Loznica priest Ignatius Vasić, having moved to Serbia in Loznica. On August 1875 he returned to Bosnia with his three brothers: Milandža, Pavle i Petar and raised people to the rebellion in the Crni Potoci, and between Drvar and Bosansko Grahovo when he was elected as leader of the rebels in the area of southwestern Bosnia. Already by 15 September 1875. he had a unity of 25 people by the end of month the unit of about 150 people. The rebellion army in numbers every day became more stronger and better armed. Ilija Guteša sent him 315 rifles "ostraguša" from Vienna and 6 cents of gunpowder that was brought to Serbia by Simo Banjac. To unify the management of the sector struggles he led by, he formed the head office of the rebellion: main headship South-Bosnian rebellion, as the central governing body. He soon gained confidence, authority and prestige among the rebels, so with battle plan achieved a significant military successes. He was a strong supporter and advocate of guerrilla warfare. H\It was released the territory from Lika to Bjelaja (with Unce, today Drvar) and from Dinara to Livno and Glamoč. Together with his seventy-one unit-leaders signed on 2nd July1876. the Proclamation for the unification of Bosnia with Serbia. In 1877. (August 4) suffered a military defeat at the saddle, and the rebellion was quelled, after what he moved to Lika and from there until March 1878. organized a small guerrilla attacks against the Turks in Bosnia and intersection. The same year at the rebel Assembly held in Tiškovac he was elected as a delegate with the Congress of Berlin along with Vaso Vidović, but he didn’t go to Berlin because of the efforts of the Principality of Serbia that nothing falling afoul of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Entering the Austrian army and the occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted a conciliatory attitude and keeping, so he submitted to the troops in Serbia. One time he was in the service of the new government in Bihać, accepting it as a temporary solution and is currently better than the Turkish government.

Death[edit]

Babić died on 19 December 1910 in Sarajevo at the age of 86. An unknown author wrote the obituary: "From an early age with arms in hands he fought for his honest brethren. There was no armed movement in which he was not involved..."

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

Military Encyclopedia, Belgrade, 1970., first book, page 423.