Indian bush rat

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Indian Bush Rat
Indian Bush Rat at Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India.jpg
Indian bush rat at Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Subfamily: Murinae
Genus: Golunda
Gray, 1837
Species: G. ellioti
Binomial name
Golunda ellioti
Gray, 1837

The Indian Bush Rat (Golunda ellioti) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is the only extant member of the genus Golunda.[2]

The species is widely distributed in the Indian Subcontinent west to Kohat and east to the Bhutan Duars. It also occurs in Sri Lanka. As many as 11 subspecies are recognized.[3][4]

The genus name is derived from the Kannada name of Gulandi while the specific name is after Sir Walter Elliot.[5] The nominate form is from southern India. Other forms include limitaris (northwestern limits), paupera (Punjab), watsoni (Sind), gujerati (Gujarat), bombax (Bombay), coraginis (Coorg), coffaeus (Sri Lanka), newera (Sri Lanka), myiothrix (Nepal) and coenosa (Bhutan Duars, Hasimara).[4] In Sri Lanka, it is known as පදුරු මීයා in Sinhala.

Description[edit]

Head and body length is 12-14cm. Tail is 9-11. Yellowish brown upperparts are speckled with black and reddish yellow. Ventral surface grayish with a yellowish speckle. Orange-yellow incisor teeth. Tail, dark above and yellowish below. Body fur spiny. Rounded head with a blunt nose, with small eyes mark. Relatively short bill.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Baillie, J. 1996. Golunda ellioti. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 July 2007
  2. ^ Musser, G. G. and M. D. Carleton. 2005. Superfamily Muroidea. pp. 894–1531 in Mammal Species of the World a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder eds. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  3. ^ Thomas, Oldfield (1923). "Scientific results from the Mammal Survey. No. XLII. The distribution and geographical races of the Gulandi Bush Rats (Golunda ellioti)". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 29: 373–376. 
  4. ^ a b Ellerman, JR (1941). The families and genera of living rodents. Volume 2. Family Muridae. London: British Museum (Natural History). pp. 267–268. 
  5. ^ Blanford, WT (1891). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia.. Taylor and Francis, London. pp. 427–428.