Gomadingen

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Gomadingen
Coat of arms of Gomadingen
Coat of arms
Gomadingen   is located in Germany
Gomadingen
Gomadingen
Coordinates: 48°24′01″N 09°23′31″E / 48.40028°N 9.39194°E / 48.40028; 9.39194Coordinates: 48°24′01″N 09°23′31″E / 48.40028°N 9.39194°E / 48.40028; 9.39194
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Tübingen
District Reutlingen
Subdivisions 7 Ortsteile
Government
 • Mayor Klemens Betz
Area
 • Total 45.85 km2 (17.70 sq mi)
Elevation 693 m (2,274 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 2,239
 • Density 49/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 72532
Dialling codes 07385
Vehicle registration RT
Website www.gomadingen.de

Gomadingen is a town in the district of Reutlingen in Baden-Württemberg in Germany. About 85% of its territory is located on the Swabian Alps. It's the district where the Grafeneck Castle [1] is situated. During the II World War, the castle was home of the Grafeneck Euthanasia Centre (German: NS-Tötungsanstalt Grafeneck), one of the main Nazi Germany's killing centres part of their Action T4 programme.

History[edit]

Built around 1560, the Grafeneck Castle served as a hunting lodge to the dukes of Württemberg. In the 19th Century, it was used as the Forest Service and in 1928 the Samaritan Foundation acquired it, setting up a handicapped home. In the times of National Socialism, the Grafeneck Castle served in as a killing center - the Nazi Euthansasieaktion (later T4 Action) killed 10,654 disabled and sick people through lethal injections and gas. They were transported mainly from southern Germany and burned on site in a crematorium. The French occupying forces returned the site in 1946/47 back to the Samaritan Foundation, whom reestablished it as a center for disabled and mentally ill people and still operates to this day. Already in the fifties, the development of the cemetery began as a memorial. In 2005, the documentation center Grafeneck Memorial was finally built.

References[edit]