Gomal Zam Dam
|Gomal Zam Dam|
|Official name||Gomal Zam Dam|
|Location||South Waziristan Agency, Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan|
|Purpose||Irrigation, power, flood control|
|Owner(s)||Government of Pakistan|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Curved gravity, roller-compacted concrete|
|Height||133 m (436 ft)|
|Length||231 m (758 ft)|
|Capacity||1,400,000,000 m3 (1,134,998 acre·ft)|
|Active capacity||1,100,000,000 m3 (891,785 acre·ft)|
|Inactive capacity||300,000,000 m3 (243,214 acre·ft)|
|Commission date||2013 est.|
|Turbines||2 x 8.7 MW Francis-type|
|Maximum capacity||17.4 MW|
Gomal Zam Dam is a multi-purpose gravity dam on the Gomal River in South Waziristan Agency, Pakistan. The Gomal flows from neighboring Afghanistan southeast to the Indus River, of which it is a tributary. The dam impounds the Gomal River at Khajuri Kach, where the river passes through a narrow ravine. The purpose of the dam is irrigation, flood control and hydroelectric power generation. Construction began in 2002 and the dam was complete in 2012. The power plant is expected to be operational in 2013.
Gomal Dam is an arched, gravity-type roller-compacted concrete dam with a height of 133 meters (437 feet). It has a gross storage capacity of 1,140,000 acre feet (1.41 km3) and to irrigate about 163,000 acres (660 km2) of land. It will produce 17.4 MW of electricity.
The Dam site at Khajuri was first envisaged by four British officers of the Royal Corps of Engineers in 1898 and surveys were carried out. The Government of Pakistan approved the construction of the Dam in August 1963 and preparatory work was commenced. However, it was stopped due to the outbreak of the 1965 Indo-Pak War and by subsequent budgetary constraints. However, in 2001, the local Provincial Minister Aminullah Gandapur brought the delay in the construction of the dam to the notice of the then President of Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf, who ordered its construction. The groundbreaking ceremony was held on 21 August 2001.
In 2002, Pakistan's Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) hired a Chinese joint venture, M/s CWHEC-HPE, to lead construction at a cost of about Rs. 4.388 billion. The venture joined China National Water Resources & Hydropower Engineering Corporation and Harbin Power Engineering Company. Work halted in October 2004 when two Chinese engineers were kidnapped by Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan. One was later rescued but the other killed in the attempt. Work resumed in 2007, after Pakistan put its army's construction branch, the Frontier Works Organisation, in charge. It hired as sub-contractors China's state-owned M/s Sinohydro Corporation to complete the dam, and Turkey's M/s Tekser to finish irrigation works. The total cost of the resumed project is about Rs. 12 billion.
In July 2010, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) announced it would provide funding for the dam. Further delay to the project was caused by the 2010 Pakistan floods. Construction of the Dam was completed in April 2011 and filling of the reservoir was started in the same month. Eight more dam workers were kidnapped on 15 August 2012 by Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan and remain in their custody.
See also 
- "Gomal Zam Dam Multipurpose Project". WAPDA. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- "Hydroelectric Power Plants in Pakistan". IndustCards. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Dawn Newspapers. "Runner-up bidder to get Gomal Dam contract". Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- U.S. State Department. "The United States Announces Phase II of the Signature Energy Program for Pakistan". Retrieved 2010-10-20.
- Bloomberg News. "Floods Delay U.S., China-Built Dam in Power-Starved Pakistan's Northwest". Retrieved 2010-10-19.
- "Eight Gomal Zam Dam workers kidnapped". The International News. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2013.