|Elevation||124–155 m (407–509 ft)
(avg. 148 m or 486 ft)
|Land area1||3.35 km2 (1.29 sq mi)|
|- Density||38 /km2 (98 /sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||62375/ 62111|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
|2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
A small farming village situated 14 miles (22.5 km) south of Arras, on the D6 road.
Gommecourt was in the front line of the Western Front and occupied by the German Imperial Army during most of the period of hostilities between 1914-1918 and was virtually destroyed as a result of the violence to which it was exposed. The neighbouring villages of Hebuterne and Foncquevillers 800 yards or so to the west, being conversely in Allied Forces occupation, were used as the bases for an assault on it carried out by the British Army on 1 July 1916, as a part of the Battle of the Somme offensive, which resulted in a severe defeat for the attacking force. The victorious German troops who defended the village during the battle were the 52nd Infantry Division from Baden together with 2. Garde-Reserve-Division from Westphalia; the British Army force taking part in the attack comprised the 56th (London) Division and the 46th (North Midland) Division, and many of the assaulting force are buried in a number of local CWGC Military Cemeteries around the site, German casualties having been relocated post war further Northwards.
Places of interest
- The church of St.Martin, rebuilt, as was most of the village, after World War I.
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais|
- The CWGC cemetery
- Gommecourt on the Quid website (French)
- Website remembering the battle at Gommecourt, 1st July 1916
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