The Gomphidae are a family in the Odonata commonly referred to as clubtail dragonflies; it contains about 90 genera and 900 species. The name refers to the club-like widening of the end of the abdomen (abdominal segments 7 through 9). However, this club is usually less pronounced in females and is entirely absent in some species.
Most gomphids breed in streams or rivers.
Gomphidae wing structure: Note the similar-sized triangles of the front and hind wings and the widely separate eyes.
Gomphus vulgatissimus, showing the "clubbed" abdomen characteristic of the family
Common clubtail, Ictinogomphus rapax
The name may be derived from Latin gomphus or gond meaning hinge.
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- Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
- More information about clubtail dragonflies
- Gomphidae, CLUBTAILS, Discover Life
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