Gomphus (fungus)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gomphus
Schweinsohr-1.jpg
Gomphus clavatus
Albin Schmalfuß, 1897
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Gomphales
Family: Gomphaceae
Genus: Gomphus
Pers. (1794)
Type species
Gomphus clavatus
(Pers.) Gray (1821)
Species

G. brunneus
G. clavatus
G. crassipes

For the genus of dragonfly, see Gomphus (dragonfly).

Gomphus is a small genus of cantharelloid fungi in the family Gomphaceae, containing three species.[1] Once presumed to be related to chanterelles, molecular study has shown them to be allied with stinkhorns and fairy clubs. The type species of the genus is the pig's ear (G. clavatus).

There are several undescribed species in the forests of Myrtle beech (Nothofagus cunninghamii) in Tasmania.[2] Bruce Fuhrer noticed in 1992 that the large and ornamented spores of these species resembled those of the genera Ramaria and Beenakia.[3]

The generic name is derived from the Greek 'γομφος' gomphos meaning 'plug' or 'large wedge-shaped nail'.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Giachini, Admir J.; Camelini, Carla M.; Rossi, Márcio J.; Soares, Cláudio R.F.S.; Trappe, James M. (2012). "Systematics of the Gomphales: the genus Gomphus sensu stricto". Mycotaxon 120: 385–400. doi:10.5248/120.385. 
  2. ^ Fuhrer B (2005) A Field Guide to Australian Fungi. Bloomings Books. ISBN 1-876473-51-7
  3. ^ Fuhrer B & Robinson R (1992). Rainforest Fungi of Tasmania and Southeast Australia. CSIRO Press. ISBN 978-0-643-05311-3. 
  4. ^ Liddell HJ, Scott R (1980). Greek-English Lexicon, Abridged Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-910207-4. 

External links[edit]