|• Mayor||Pierilus Sainjustin|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
Gonaïves (Gonayiv in Kréyòl) is a city in northern Haiti, the capital of the Artibonite Department. It has a population of about 300,000 people (2011 census). The city of Gonaives was founded in 1422 by Indians they named it "Gonaibo" (to designate a locality of caciquat of the Maguana). It is also known as Haïti's "independence city". The Bay of Gonaïves is named after the town.
The Battle of Ravine-à-Couleuvres
Gonaïves is also known as Haiti's City of Independence because it was there that Jean-Jacques Dessalines declared Haiti, the former Saint-Domingue, independent from France on January 1, 1804 by reading the Act of Independence, drafted by Boisrond Tonnerre, on the Place d'Armes of the town.
Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité, the wife of Jean-Jacques Dessalines, died here in August 1858.
In the early 2000s, Gonaïves was the scene of substantial rioting and violence primarily motivated by opposition to President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and on February 5, 2004, a group calling itself the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front seized control of the city, starting the 2004 Haïtian rebellion. But in recent years the city has seen a complete return to calmness.
In September 2004, Hurricane Jeanne caused major flooding and mudslides in the city.
Four years later, the city was again devastated by another storm, Hurricane Hanna, which killed 529 people, mostly in flooded sections of Gonaïves, where the destruction was described as "catastrophic" and 495 bodies were discovered as late as September 5. Haitian authorities said the tally would grow once officials were able to make their way through the city. "The assessment was only partial, because it was impossible to enter the city at that moment". Gonaïves Mayor Stephen Moise said, at least 48,000 people from the Gonaïves area were forced into shelters.
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- Radio Télé 2004 (101.1FM)
||This article uses bare URLs for citations, which may be threatened by link rot. (April 2012)|
- Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique (IHSI)
- "Hurricane Ike targets Gulf, Hanna's toll rises". Reuters. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
- "Haiti Impact". Hurricane Hanna Info. 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
- Charles, Jacqueline (2008). "Horrible scene in Haiti after Hanna". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2008-09-05.[dead link] HaitiLibre. (2011, 05 22). Haiti - Politic : Michel Martelly in Gonaïves this Sunday. Retrieved 03 18, 2012, from HaitiLibre: http://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-3008-haiti-politic-michel-martelly-in-gonaives-this-sunday.html
- "Radio Metropole Haiti ! | - Nouvelles d'Haiti, Haiti actualités, Haiti News, politique, économie, sports, culture". Metropolehaiti.com. Retrieved 2013-10-25.
- "VOA Nouvèl". Voanews.com. Retrieved 2013-10-25.
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- Latortue, Paul R., "Gonaives: the last 50 years" Caribbean Studies, Vol. 34, Núm. 1, enero-junio, 2006, pp. 263-274 University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico