Gonesse

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Gonesse
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Gonesse
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates: 48°59′15″N 2°26′58″E / 48.9875°N 2.4494°E / 48.9875; 2.4494Coordinates: 48°59′15″N 2°26′58″E / 48.9875°N 2.4494°E / 48.9875; 2.4494
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-d'Oise
Arrondissement Sarcelles
Canton Gonesse
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2014) Jean-Pierre Blazy
Area1 20.09 km2 (7.76 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 26,593
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 95277 / 95500

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Gonesse is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 16.5 km (10.3 mi) from the centre of Paris.

The commune lies immediately north of Le Bourget Airport,[citation needed] and it is six kilometres (four miles) southwest of Charles de Gaulle International Airport.[1]

History[edit]

Since Carolingian times, cereals have been grown in Gonesse. In the period of the 12th through the 16th centuries, the cultivation of grain was supplemented by drapery, in particular the production of the coarse woolen material of the gaunace.[2] The commune was an important producer of wheat for the Parisian market in modern times, until the decline of its bakery trade at the end of the 18th century helped feed a strong migration to the capital.[2]

Le Globe, built by Jacques Charles and the Robert brothers, is attacked by terrified villagers.

The world's first hydrogen filled balloon — the unmanned Le Globe, launched by Jacques Charles and the Robert brothers on the Champ de Mars in Paris on 27 August 1783 — flew for forty-five minutes and landed in Gonesse, where the reportedly terrified local peasants destroyed it with pitchforks. This caused the government to issue a statement on the harmlessness and the scientific value of such experiments.

In 1815, Marshal Grouchy arrived in Gonesse in the course of the War of the Sixth Coalition, with 40,000 troops and 120 artillery pieces. On 2 July, the Duke of Wellington made his headquarters at the commune.

Since June 1939, the property Frapart (the Castle) is used as the main establishment of the urban administration.[2]

Jean Camus, Louis Furmanek, Pierre Lorgnet, and Albert Drouhot from Gonesse belonged to the French Resistance movement during the German occupation of France from 1940 to 1944.

On 25 July 2000, Air France Flight 4590 — a Concorde supersonic transport — crashed onto a hotel in the town after a tyre blew out, caused by running over a strip of metal that had fallen off a DC-10 at nearby Charles de Gaulle International Airport.[3] The Concorde crash occurred less than 6 km from Goussainville, the site of the crash of the supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 during the 1973 Paris Air Show which led to the deaths of all 109 people on board and four more on the ground.[4]

Twinning with Leonessa[edit]

Gonesse is twinned with the town of Leonessa in Rieti / Italy, since 1981.[5]

Sights[edit]

Hotel-Dieu

Among the places worthwhile to visit in the town are the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, the old Hotel-Dieu, the Hotel-Dieu, the lofts Garlande and Orgemont, and the estates of Malmaison and of Coulanges.

Transport[edit]

Gonesse is served neither by the Paris Métro, RER, nor the suburban rail network. The closest station is the Villiers-le-Bel – Gonesse – Arnouville station on the Paris RER line D. This station is located in the neighbouring commune of Arnouville-lès-Gonesse, 2.6 km (1.6 mi) from Gonesse town centre.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Concorde trial starts ten years after crash." Reuters. September 27, 2013. Retrieved on September 27, 2013. "[...]the plane crashed into a hotel in the town of Gonesse, six kilometres (four miles) southwest of Paris' Charles de Gaulle airport."
  2. ^ a b c Histoire de Gonesse - Quelques repères historiques. Ville-gonesse.fr, retrieved July 11, 2011
  3. ^ Nick Smith: Classic engineering projects - Concorde. Engineering & Technology, April 15, 2011, retrieved July 11, 2011
  4. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/851209.stm
  5. ^ Jumelage et partenariats. Ville-gonesse.fr, retrieved July 11, 2011

External links[edit]