Gong Hyo-jin

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Gong.
Gong Hyo-jin
Kong Hyo-Jin.jpg
Gong Hyo-jin in 2013
Born (1980-04-04) April 4, 1980 (age 34)
Seoul, South Korea
Occupation Actress
Years active 1999–present
Agent Management SOOP
Korean name
Hangul 공효진
Revised Romanization Gong Hyo-jin
McCune–Reischauer Kong Hyojin

Gong Hyo-jin (born April 4, 1980) is a South Korean actress. She is best known for her leading role in the film Crush and Blush (2008), as well as for her popular television series Sang-doo! Let's Go to School (2003), Thank You (2007), Pasta (2010), The Greatest Love (2011), and Master's Sun (2013).

Early life[edit]

Gong Hyo-jin was born in Seoul, South Korea. When she was a junior in high school, she moved to Australia with her mother and younger brother, while her father worked in Korea to support the family. Gong attended high school at John Paul College in Brisbane.[1] Gong has spoken fondly of her memories of her time there, and in 2011 she was designated as one of the goodwill ambassadors for "Year of Friendship," the 50th anniversary of bilateral relations between Australia and South Korea.[2][3][4][5][6]

After three years in Australia, the Gong family moved back to Korea in 1997 due to the IMF crisis.

Career[edit]

Early work[edit]

Upon her return to Korea, Gong began working as a model. She appeared in advertisements, notably the "Happy to Death" commercial for telecom 700-5425. After a year and a half of modeling, she made her acting debut in a supporting role in Memento Mori. Co-directed by Kim Tae-yong and Min Kyu-dong, the horror film reinvented its genre with its fresh approach on teenage femme sexuality and its destructive force, melding sapphism and the supernatural at a girls' high school.[7][8] Although it was not a box office hit in 1999, the film is frequently cited by young Korean filmmakers and cinema fans as a modern-day classic.[9] At first Gong wasn't serious about acting and couldn't wait for filming to be over, but Memento Mori's critical success encouraged her to continue acting,[10][11] and she followed that with a role in 2000 sitcom My Funky Family.

In 2001 she was cast in the 50-episode television series Wonderful Days, where she played a bus conductor with a one-sided crush on Ryoo Seung-bum's character (Gong and Ryoo later won Best New Actress and Best New Actor in the TV category at the Baeksang Arts Awards). After appearing in small roles in Jang Jin's comedy Guns & Talks and teen martial arts flick Volcano High, the young actress had her breakthrough year in 2002, landing lead roles in Emergency Act 19 (which featured cameos by many K-pop artists[12]), and A Bizarre Love Triangle (also known as Taekwon Girl). But it was her raw, complex performance in Ruler of Your Own World that grabbed the industry's attention. The TV series was praised for its realistic writing and strong acting, earning it "mania drama" (or cult hit) status in Korea.[13] That same year, she again acted opposite Ryoo in Conduct Zero (also known as No Manners), earning praise for her role as the tough-talking "boss" of the girls' high school. The 1980s-set retro comedy was well received by both audiences and critics.[14]

The 2003 series Snowman paired Gong with Jo Jae-hyun, in a controversial plot about a girl who falls in love with her older brother-in-law.[15] She then returned to more mainstream fare in Sang-doo! Let's Go to School, helmed by TV director Lee Hyung-min, whom she had previously worked with in a Drama City episode. Gong played a high school teacher who meets her childhood sweetheart again, now a gigolo and single dad with a sick daughter. The acting debut of pop singer Rain, the drama did well in the ratings, and Gong won several awards at the KBS Drama Awards.[16]

But in 2004 to 2005, Gong entered a career slump. She was dissatisfied with the scripts she was getting, and felt she was being typecast in ingenue roles.[10] Cast as another high school teacher in Biscuit Teacher and Star Candy,[17] and a scientist in Heaven's Soldiers,[18][19] Gong longed to portray meatier, "real women" roles, but she was unwilling to do nudity in film.[20]

Critical success[edit]

In 2006, Memento Mori director Kim Tae-yong (whom Gong considers her mentor[21]) offered her a part in Family Ties, a role he had written specifically for her. With the original Korean title "Birth of a Family," the film drew widespread acclaim as a delicately observed, cross generational look at unconventional families. The cast was praised for their brilliant acting, with reviews singling out Gong's portrayal of an angry young woman in a deeply troubled relationship with her mother.[22][23] She received a Best Actress nomination from the Korean Film Awards, and also shared Best Actress honors with co-stars Moon So-ri, Go Doo-shim and Kim Hye-ok at the Thessaloniki International Film Festival in Greece.[24]

Family Ties marked a turning point in her career,[10] and gave Gong a renewed passion for acting.[21] In 2007 she returned to television in Thank You, written by Sang-doo scribe Lee Kyung-hee.[25] Several actresses had turned down the unglamorous role of a single mother with an HIV-positive daughter and a grandfather with dementia; another reason being that this was lead actor Jang Hyuk's comeback after his draft-dodging scandal.[26] Despite little hype, Thank You became a modest hit and rose to number one in its timeslot. Viewer response to the drama had been mostly heartwarming and life-affirming, which Gong said she treasures. The maternal role served to soften and feminize her image, but Gong was also praised for her nuanced portrayal that grounded her character in reality, helping to prevent the drama from being overly maudlin or saccharine.

After Thank You, Gong went back to film and took on supporting roles for the opportunity to work with some of the most talented directors in Chungmuro. She played a coolly unsentimental ex-girlfriend in Hur Jin-ho's melodrama Happiness,[27] a concerned fiancee in Lee Myung-se's stylistic psychodrama M,[28][29][30] and a spy in Ryoo Seung-wan's action comedy/parody Dachimawa Lee.[31][32]

Strong performances in varied roles helped cement Gong's reputation as a serious actress, but Crush and Blush in 2008 would become her most high-profile movie yet. Hailed by critics as one of the most original Korean films in recent years, Lee Kyoung-mi's feature directorial debut was divisive, and though its box office performance was a disappointment, it acquired a sort of cult status among Korean cinephiles. The black comedy was a showcase for Gong, who transformed herself into a misanthropic antiheroine with an unattractively blushing red face, frizzy hair, dowdy clothes, and a chronic case of inferiority complex and hopeless delusion.[33][34][35][36][37] Gong had wavered at first when presented with the script, given the character's excesses. Reportedly urged on by fellow actress Jeon Do-yeon,[38] she eventually accepted and threw herself into the role.[39][10] Park Chan-wook, who produced the film, praised Gong's subtle emotional variations,[40] and told her that she might never be able to top this performance, joking that she should retire.[41] She won numerous acting awards in Korea, among them Best Actress trophies from the Korean Film Awards,[42][43] Director's Cut Awards,[44][45] and Women in Film Korea Awards.[46] She also received nominations from the Blue Dragon Film Awards and Baeksang Arts Awards, as well as a Rising Star Award from the New York Asian Film Festival.[47][48][49]

Mainstream popularity[edit]

After starring with close friend Shin Min-ah in the 2009 indie Sisters on the Road,[50][51] Gong played an aspiring chef in romantic comedy series Pasta in 2010.[52][53] Originally written as the usual brash and spunky rom-com heroine, Gong thought it would be boring and cliched to play her as such, and instead made the significant acting decision to play against type by creating the character as an ordinary girl who was seemingly meek, but had a quiet strength and slyly got her way.[10][54][55][56] Her chemistry with co-star Lee Sun-kyun,[57][58][59] and the drama's breezy atmosphere propelled it to the top of the ratings chart.[60]

Defying easy categorization into the actress dichotomies of innocent (Choi Ji-woo, Song Hye-kyo) or sexy (Kim Hye-soo, Uhm Jung-hwa), Gong belonged to a third, very minor group of eccentrics that also include Kang Hye-jung and Bae Doona.[61] Though not a typical beauty, after Pasta the press gave her the label Gongvely, a portmanteau of her surname and the English word "lovely."[21]

In an emerging pattern of alternating mainstream TV series with riskier big-screen projects, Gong starred in Rolling Home with a Bull, another low-budget indie adapted from Kim Do-yeon's novel. She played a widow traveling with her poet ex-boyfriend in Im Soon-rye's part-Buddhist meditation, part-road movie.[62][63][64][65][66]

In 2011 Gong acted opposite Cha Seung-won in the TV series The Greatest Love.[67][10][68] Written by the Hong Sisters, the romantic comedy is set in the entertainment industry and about an unlikely romance between a has-been pop-star and a top actor.[69] The series was a big hit with audiences, resulting in increased popularity for Cha and Gong.[21][70] She was also praised for her naturalistic, no-nonsense acting, which served to balance Cha's wacky antics.[71] The Greatest Love swept the MBC Drama Awards, including a Top Excellence Award for Gong (her third consecutive, after Thank You[72] and Pasta[73]).[74] Gong later won Best Actress for TV at the Baeksang Arts Awards.[75]

She worked again with Kim Tae-yong for Beautiful 2012, a series of four "micro-movies" produced by Chinese internet platform Youku that explore the concept of "what is beautiful?". In Kim's short film You Are More Than Beautiful, Park Hee-soon plays a man who hires an actress named Young-hee (Gong) to pretend to be his fiancée when he introduces her to his dying father in Jeju Island. The short's Korean title translates to "Her Performance," and in a charming scene, Young-hee slips into the hospital room and sings a Korean opera song to the unconscious father (in a room with five other seriously ill elderly men).[76] You Are More Than Beautiful later received a theatrical release in 2013.[77][78]

Uninterested in stereotypical pretty roles, Gong said she preferred playing multi-faceted women, like the laidback, unpredictable female lead with unshaved armpit hair in Love Fiction.[11][79] Known for her candor on set and in public, Gong openly admitted that she had problems with her character and took her complaints to its director Jeon Kye-soo.[80][81] Though Gong said she would rather continue making small-scale films rather than do a shallow blockbuster,[82] Love Fiction was her most commercial feature yet, and it broke even at more than 1.7 million admissions.[83]

She reunited with Love Fiction co-star Ha Jung-woo in 577 Project, a documentary that follows a group of actors walking 577 kilometers (358 miles) across the nation.[84][85][86][87][88]

After 2012[edit]

In 2013 Gong starred in comedy film Boomerang Family with Park Hae-il, Yoon Je-moon, and Yoon Yeo-jeong, adapted from Cheon Myung-kwan's novel Aging Family about a grown-up trio of siblings who embark on a series of misadventures after they move back in their mother's home.[89][90][91] Gong said she felt catharsis from her character's constant cursing, and pleasure from acting in an ensemble whose actors share great chemistry with each other.[92] Veteran actress Yoon said that Gong's role, a twice-divorced single mother, was perfect for her that Yoon couldn't imagine anyone else playing it.[93][94]

The Hong Sisters cast her again in their next series Master's Sun, a romantic comedy with horror elements.[95][96][97] Costar So Ji-sub praised Gong as "the best Korean actress currently working in romantic comedy."[98][99]

In 2014, Gong starred as a psychiatrist who falls for a novelist with anxiety disorder (played by Jo In-sung) in the romantic drama series It's Okay, That's Love. She said she chose the project because of screenwriter Noh Hee-kyung, who had also written a drama Gong appeared in a decade ago, Wonderful Days.[100]

Other activities[edit]

In 2010 Gong published a collection of essays on the environment titled Gong Hyo-jin's Notebook (Hangul: 공책; RR: Gong Chek, which is a play on her surname and the Korean word for "notebook"[101]). In it Gong gives a look inside her personal lifestyle habits, and offers practical and simple tips on going green such as using shower gels and shampoo sparingly, driving a small car, shopping at flea markets, reusing plastic bags, unplugging electronics, using rechargeable batteries, growing plants, riding bikes, and adopting abandoned pets.[102][54][21] The book has sold over 40,000 copies and is on its fourth printing.[103][104][105][106]

She recorded the duet "I Think I Love You" for K-pop singer MY Q's 2011 album Ready for the World.[107]

Gong, along with fellow actresses Kim Min-hee and Choi Kang-hee, is considered an influential fashion icon by Korean women in their 20s and 30s.[108] In 2010 she collaborated with shoe brand pushBUTTON to produce the capsule collection "Excuse Me + pushBUTTON." Two years later, Suecomma Bonnie, another shoe brand, released her "Excuse Me x Suecomma Bonnie" line. In 2012 she designed a selected line of apparel for the fashion shop Los Angeles Project, a brand located inside Shinsegae Department Stores. Her neon-colored and patterned items were sold under the name "LAP by Kong Hyo-jin."[109][110]

She was named jury president for the 2009 International Women's Film Festival in Seoul.[111][112] Gong was also a jury member for the 2011 Asiana International Short Film Festival, and the 2006 Mise-en-scène Short Film Festival.

Personal life[edit]

Gong began dating actor Ryoo Seung-bum after they grew close on the set of 2001's Wonderful Days; the two had in fact shared one class in elementary school before Gong transferred out. In a rare move for Korean celebrities, the young stars publicly admitted their relationship. The real-life couple again starred together in 2002 comedy Conduct Zero.[14] They broke up in 2003, but remained friends. Gong asked Ryoo to make a cameo appearance in her 2006 film Family Ties as her character's ex-boyfriend, lending a meta component to their scenes.[10] The couple reunited in 2008, and both appeared in Dachimawa Lee (directed by Ryoo's older brother Ryoo Seung-wan), though they did not share any scenes. In 2010 Ryoo made a cameo in Gong's TV series Pasta. Often topping surveys of favorite Korean celeb couples,[113] they shocked fans in 2012 by announcing that they had ended their relationship.[114][115][116][117][118]

On May 29, 2014, Sports Seoul broke the story that Gong is currently dating actor Lee Jin-wook, which their agencies confirmed.[119][120][121]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Korean title English title Role
1999 여고괴담 두번째 이야기 Memento Mori Ji-won
2000 가문의 영광 (MBC) My Funky Family Hyo-jin
여름 이야기 Summer Story
2001 선물 Last Present Female MC (bit part)
킬러들의 수다 Guns & Talks Student
화산고 Volcano High So Yo-seon
2002 서프라이즈 Surprise Party In-ju
긴급조치 19호 Emergency Act 19 Kim Min-ji
철없는 아내와 파란만장한 남편 그리고 태권소녀 A Bizarre Love Triangle Geum-sook
품행제로 Conduct Zero Jang Na-young
2005 천군 Heaven's Soldiers Kim Su-yeon
2006 가족의 탄생 Family Ties Yoo Sun-kyung
2007 아들 My Son Daughter goose
(voice cameo)
행복 Happiness Soo-yeon
M M Eun-hye
2008 다찌마와 리: 악인이여 지옥행 급행열차를 타라! Dachimawa Lee Geum Yeon-ja
미쓰 홍당무 Crush and Blush Yang Mi-sook
2009 지금, 이대로가 좋아요 Sisters on the Road Oh Myung-ju
2010 소와 함께 여행하는 법 Rolling Home With a Bull Hyun-soo
2012 러브픽션 Love Fiction Lee Hee-jin
美好2012: 你何止美丽
미호2012: 그녀의 연기
(Youku "Beautiful 2012" short film)
You Are More Than Beautiful Young-hee
577 프로젝트 (documentary) 577 Project Herself
2013 고령화가족 Boomerang Family Oh Mi-yeon

Television series[edit]

Year Korean title English title Role Network
2001 화려한 시절 Wonderful Days Jo Yeon-shil SBS
Drama City: 사랑하라, 희망없이 Love Without Hope KBS2
2002 네 멋대로 해라 Ruler of Your Own World Song Mi-rae MBC
2003 눈사람 Snowman Seo Yeon-wook MBC
상두야 학교 가자 Sang-doo! Let's Go to School Chae Eun-hwan KBS2
2004 다섯 개의 별 5 Stars SK Telecom
mobile drama
2005 건빵선생과 별사탕 Biscuit Teacher and Star Candy Na Bo-ri SBS
2007 고맙습니다 Thank You Lee Young-shin MBC
2010 파스타 Pasta Seo Yoo-kyung MBC
2011 최고의 사랑 The Greatest Love Gu Ae-jung MBC
타임: 새드 무비를 아시나요?
(documentary)
Do You Know Sad Movies?
(Time, episode 1)
Narrator MBC
꽃미남 라면가게 Flower Boy Ramyun Shop Record store clerk
(cameo, episode 9)[122]
tvN
2013 주군의 태양 Master's Sun Tae Gong-shil SBS
2014 괜찮아, 사랑이야 It's Okay, That's Love Ji Hae-soo SBS

Music video[edit]

Year Artist Song title English title Co-star
2003 Lee Soo-young 덩그러니 (Part 1) Left Alone Go Soo, Jo Yoon-hee
여전히 입술을 깨물고 (Part 2) I Still Bite My Lips
Yoon Gun 갈색머리 Brown Hair Yoon Gun

Discography[edit]

Year Artist Song title English title Notes
2002 Gong Hyo-jin and Jo Eun-ji 침대의 끝 Track from A Bizarre Love Triangle OST
2011 My Q feat. Gong Hyo-jin 나 너를 사랑하나봐 I Think I Love You Track from Ready for the World

Books[edit]

Year Korean title English title Notes
2010 공책 Gong Hyo-jin's Notebook Environmental essays

Fashion lines[edit]

Year/Season Fashion line Notes
F/W 2010 Excuse Me + pushBUTTON capsule collection[123] Collaboration with Park Seung-gun
2012 Excuse Me x Suecomma Bonnie[124] Collaboration with Bohyun Lee
S/S 2012 LAP by Kong Hyo-jin Collaboration with Los Angeles Project

Advertisements[edit]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Nominated work Result Ref.
2001 22nd Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Supporting Actress Guns & Talks Nominated [129]
SBS Drama Awards New Star Award Wonderful Days Won
2002 38th Baeksang Arts Awards Best New Actress (TV) Won [130]
23rd Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Supporting Actress Volcano High Nominated [131]
MBC Drama Awards Popularity Award Ruler of Your Own World Won
2003 24th Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Supporting Actress Conduct Zero Nominated [132]
MBC Drama Awards Excellence Award, Actress Snowman Nominated [133]
KBS Drama Awards Best Couple Award with Rain Sang-doo! Let's Go to School Won [16]
Netizen Award Won
Excellence Award, Actress Won
2006 5th Korean Film Awards Best Actress Family Ties Nominated [134][135]
47th Thessaloniki International Film Festival Best Actress Won [136]
2007 6th Korean Film Awards Best Supporting Actress Happiness Won [137][138]
MBC Drama Awards Top Excellence Award, Actress Thank You Won [72][139]
2008 2nd Asian Film Awards Best Supporting Actress Happiness Nominated [140]
45th Grand Bell Awards Best Supporting Actress Nominated [141]
16th Chunsa Film Art Awards Best Supporting Actress Nominated [142][143]
17th Buil Film Awards Best Supporting Actress M Nominated [144]
29th Blue Dragon Film Awards Best Actress Crush and Blush Nominated [145][146]
9th Korea Visual Arts Festival Photogenic Award Won [147][148]
7th Korean Film Awards Best Actress Won [149][150][151]
11th Director's Cut Awards Best Actress Won [152]
9th Women in Film Korea Awards Best Actress Won [153]
2009 45th Baeksang Arts Awards Best Actress Nominated [154]
8th New York Asian Film Festival Rising Star Asia Award Won [155]
2010 CETV Awards Top 10 Asian Stars Pasta Won [156][157]
3rd Style Icon Awards Style Leader N/A Won [158]
MBC Drama Awards Best Couple Award with Lee Sun-kyun Pasta Won [159][160]
Top Excellence Award, Actress Won [73][161]
2011 5th Mnet 20's Choice Awards Hot Style Icon N/A Won [162][163]
Hot Drama Star - Female The Greatest Love Won [162][164]
4th Korea Drama Awards Best Actress Nominated [165]
MBC Drama Awards Best Couple Award with Cha Seung-won Won [74]
Popularity Award Won
Top Excellence Award, Actress in a Miniseries Won
2012 48th Baeksang Arts Awards Best Actress (TV) Won [166][167]
6th Mnet 20's Choice Awards 20′s Movie Star - Female Love Fiction Nominated [168]
33rd Blue Dragon Film Awards Popular Star Award Won [169][170]
Best Actress Nominated [171]
2013 7th Mnet 20's Choice Awards 20's Movie Star - Female Boomerang Family Nominated
34th Blue Dragon Film Awards Popular Star Award Won
6th Style Icon Awards 10 Style Icons N/A Won
6th Korea Drama Awards Top Excellence Award, Actress Master's Sun Nominated
2nd APAN Star Awards Top Excellence Award, Actress Nominated
SBS Drama Awards Top Excellence Award, Actress in a Miniseries Nominated [172]

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External links[edit]