Gongliu of Zhou
Gongliu or Duke Liu (Chinese: t 公劉, s 公刘, p Gōngliú) was a semi-legendary noble of ancient China. He was later revered as an important ancestor of the Ji clan, the royal family of the Zhou dynasty.
In Chinese mythology, the Zhou lineage traditionally began with a consort of the Emperor Ku, who miraculously conceived "the Abandoned One" after stepping into a divine footprint. This was the source of the Zhou dynasty's surname Ji (姬, lit. "concubine"). His son Buzhu was said to be displeased with the decadence of the Xia court and to have resigned his post as director of agriculture, moving the clan to Tai. Either Buzhu or his heir Ju abandoned agriculture entirely and practiced the nomadic lifestyle of their Rong and Di barbarian neighbors.
Gongliu was credited with restoring agriculture among his people and leading them to their subsequent prosperity. He led his people away from their new home at Tai to a new place called Bin, where they prospered at the expense of neighboring Rong tribes. His heir was Qingjie. After Zhou's defeat of the Shang at Muye and the establishment of the Kingdom of Zhou, Gongliu was commemorated with an ode among the Great Hymns in the Chinese classic Book of Songs. This ode tells the story of the preparations and move to Bin.
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