Gonyaulax

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Gonyaulax
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Superphylum: Alveolata
Phylum: Dinoflagellata
Order: Gonyaulacales
Genus: Gonyaulax
Species

Gonyaulax polyedra

Gonyaulax is a genus of Dinoflagellates with the type species Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède et Lachmann) Diesing.

The plate formula in the genus Gonyaulax Diesing was redefined as Po, 3’, 2a, 6”, 6c, 4-8s, 5’”, 1p, 1”” [1]

Gonyaulax spinifera has been related to production of Yessotoxins (YTXs), a group of structurally related polyether toxins, which can accumulate in shellfish and can produce symptoms similar to those produced by Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) toxins.[2]

All species are marine, except for one freshwater species Gonyaulax apiculata.[3]

It previously included several species, which are now considered to belong to a separate genus, e.g. Gonyaulax tamarensis (now: Alexandrium tamarense), Gonyaulax grindleyi (now Protoceratium reticulatum) and Gonyaulax polyedra (now: Lingulodinium polyedrum).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dodge J.D. 1989. Some revisions of the family Gonyaulacaceae (Dinophyceae) based on scanning electron microscope study. Bot. Mar. 32: 275-298.
  2. ^ Paz et al. 2008. Yessotoxins, a Group of Marine Polyether Toxins: an Overview. Mar. Drugs 2008, 6, 73-102; DOI: 10.3390/md20080005
  3. ^ Dodge J.D. 1989. Some revisions of the family Gonyaulacaceae (Dinophyceae) based on scanning electron microscope study. Bot. Mar. 32: 275-298.
  4. ^ Dodge J.D. 1989. Some revisions of the family Gonyaulacaceae (Dinophyceae) based on scanning electron microscope study. Bot. Mar. 32: 275-298.