Bayan ng Gonzaga
|Municipality of Gonzaga|
|Region||Cagayan Valley (Region II)|
|• Mayor||Atty Carlito "jun" Pentecostes Jr.|
|• Total||707.50 km2 (273.17 sq mi)|
|• Density||50/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class|
|Population census of Gonzaga, Cagayan|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Gonzaga is located at the northeastern tip of the province of Cagayan, bordered by the municipality of Santa Ana to the northeast, the municipality of Santa Teresita to the west, and the municipality of Lal-lo to the south. It is approximately 45 kilometers from Aparri, the nearest commercial center, 125 kilometers from the provincial capital of Tuguegarao City, and 607 kilometers from Manila.
Gonzaga has a total land area of 56,743 Ha, the majority of which remains undeveloped. It has large stretches of virgin forests, especially throughout the mountainous areas of the Sierra Madre mountain range. The highest elevation in the municipality is 1,130 meters above sea level, located at Mount Cagua (see Cagua Volcano) in Barangay Magrafil.
The majority of the municipality's 40.2 km coastline is mostly along the Babuyan Channel to the north, although it is also bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the southeast. The eleven coastal barangays contain a total of 139 Ha of beaches, 69 Ha of mangrove forests, and 348 Ha of coral reefs.
The original inhabitants of Gonzaga were Negritos, especially members of Aeta tribes. The first recorded name of the area was Gampao, an Aeta word meaning 'mountainous,' later changed to Wangag, ('river'). In the eighteenth century, groups of Ilocano-speaking immigrants arrived in several waves by sea and land, gradually displacing the Aeta in the lowland areas.
Wangag was given ecclesiastical recognition on 23 February 1869, as a barrio of the Municipality of Buguey. In 1917 it was renamed Rumang-ay (Ilocano for 'to be progressive'). The following year, it was renamed after the first Filipino Governor of Cagayan, Gracio P. Gonzaga. The town was officially partitioned from Buguey on 1 January 1918 via Executive Order of Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison.
According to the most recent census, Gonzaga has a population of approximately 35,424 people in 6,039 households. It is politically subdivided into 25 barangays, including four urban barangays which constitute the Poblacion area.
Gonzaga is primarily an agricultural municipality, with more than half of the workforce employed primarily as either farmers or fishers. Approximately 5,500 Ha of agricultural land are currently under production, the majority of which are dedicated to rice farming.
Gonzaga is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.
- Cabanbanan Norte
- Cabanbanan Sur
- Flourishing (Poblacion)
- Rebecca (Nagbabacalan)
- Paradise (Poblacion)
- Progressive (Poblacion)
- San Jose
- Santa Clara
- Santa Cruz
- Santa Maria
- Smart (Poblacion)
|Cesario Peralta||1932-1940, 1945–1946|
|Cayatano de la Cruz||1942-1945, 1948–1951, 1960–1967|
|Claro P. Nuñez||1956-1959|
|Francisco T. Baclig||1968-1986|
|Hermogenes T. Baclig||1986-1987|
|Juan B. Naval||1987|
|Ricardo M. Paddayuman||1988|
|Atty. Arsenio P. Gonzales||1988-1998|
|Epifanio G. Gaspar||1998-2007|
|Rosendo P. Abad||2007-2010|
|Engr. Carlito S. Pentecostes, Jr.||2010–present|
- Politician and incumbent Minority Leader Juan Ponce Enrile is a native of Gonzaga.
- The 2012 film The Mistress starring John Lloyd Cruz and Bea Alonzo was partly shot in the town.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- Municipal Coastal Environmental Profile 2005
- Physico-Socio-Economic and Political Profile 2007
- Physico-Socio-Economic and Political Profile
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 1995 Philippine Census Information
- 2000 Philippine Census Information
- 2007 Philippine Census Information
- Official Sangunian Bayan ng Gonzaga Website