Gonzalo Torrente Ballester

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The Presentation of the sculpture in honour of Gonzalo, in the Café Novelty, in Salamanca in 2000. From the right to the left, the director of The Royal Spanish Academy, Víctor García de la Concha, the widow of Torrente, the author Carlos Casares and the sculptor Fernando Mayoral.

Gonzalo Torrente Ballester (June 13, 1910 – January 27, 1999) was a Spanish Galician writer in Spanish language associated with the Generation of '36 movement. He was born in Serantes, Ferrol, Galicia, and received his first education there, subsequently attending the universities of Santiago de Compostela and Oviedo.

Although primarily a novelist, he also published journalism, essays, and plays. His career as a writer began in Oviedo, but developed largely in Madrid.

After moving around frequently in the later 1920s and early 1930s, including a period in Paris, he returned to Spain and linked himself to Franco's Falange party. He " was an enthusiaistic Falangist and Francoist idelologue".[1] His first novel, Javier Mariño, appeared in 1943, and he continued to publish novels almost until his death, receiving major prizes for some of them.

Despite his affiliation to the Falangists, from 1939, when he returned to Santiago to take up a university post, he increasingly distanced himself from the party.[citation needed] He joined in protests in favour of striking Asturian miners in 1962, and was expelled from his teaching post at the university as a result. In the mid-1960s he had a number of problems with government censors.

He left Spain for a post at the University at Albany, State University of New York in 1966, and remained there until 1973 as the University's first distinguished professor. In 1975 he moved to the city of Salamanca, where he remained until his death. After his return to Spain, he was increasingly celebrated: In 1975 he was elected member of the Real Academia Española, and was awarded the premier Spanish literary prize, the Cervantes Prize, in 1985.

Immediately after his death a foundation was set up to protect, study and disseminate his work. The name of this foundation is Fundación Gonzalo Torrente Ballester.

List of novels[edit]

Bust of Gonzalo Torrente Ballester in his birthplace of Ferrol.
  • Javier Mariño (1943)
  • El golpe de estado de Guadalupe Limón (1946)
  • Ifigenia (1950)
  • El Señor llega (1957) - Novel prize of the Fundación Juan March
  • Donde da la vuelta el aire (1960)
  • La Pascua triste (1962)
  • Don Juan (1963)
  • Off-Side (1968)
  • La Saga/Fuga de J.B. (1972) - Critics' Prize and City of Barcelona Prize
  • Fragmentos de Apocalipsis (1977)
  • La isla de los jacintos cortados (1980) - National Literature Prize
  • Dafne y ensueños (1982)
  • Quizá nos lleve el viento al infinito (1984)
  • La princesa durmiente va a la escuela (1985)
  • La rosa de los vientos (1985)
  • Yo no soy yo, evidentemente (1987)
  • Filomeno, a mi pesar (1988) - Planet Prize
  • Crónica del rey pasmado (1989)
  • Las islas extraordinarias (1991)
  • La muerte del decano (1992)
  • La novela de Pepe Ansúrez (1994)
  • La boda de Chon Recalde (1995)
  • Los años indecisos (1997)
  • Doménica (1999)

Screenplays[edit]

See also[edit]

University of Santiago de Compostela

References[edit]

  1. ^ unearthing Franco's Legacy, p.15

External links[edit]