|Studio album by Sonic Youth|
|Released||June 26, 1990|
|Recorded||March—April 1990 at Sorcerer Sound Recording Studios and Greene St. Recording in New York City, New York|
|Genre||Alternative rock, noise rock|
|Producer||Nick Sansano, Ron Saint Germain, Sonic Youth|
|Sonic Youth chronology|
|Singles from Goo|
Goo is the sixth studio album by American alternative rock band Sonic Youth. It was released on June 26, 1990, through record label DGC. The album was Sonic Youth's debut release on a major record label, after the band signed to Geffen Records following the release of Daydream Nation (1988).
Goo was recorded over a short period in early 1990 at Sorcerer Sound Recording Studios and Greene St. Recording with Daydream Nation producer Nick Sansano and additional producer Ron Saint Germain. The album's sound diverged considerably from their earlier material and is often considered "their most accessible album" and resulted in the release of the lead single, "Kool Thing". Two other singles—"Disappearer" and "Dirty Boots"—were also released from the album, although neither were as successful as "Kool Thing", which charted in the United States, United Kingdom and Ireland.
Upon its release, Goo was a moderate commercial success, peaking at number 96 on the Billboard 200 in the United States and charting in the Netherlands, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Critical reception to the album was positive. To support its release, Sonic Youth toured Europe and North America twice in 1990. Following the mainstream breakthrough of alternative rock and grunge, the band toured Europe again in fall 1991 with Nirvana, Dinosaur Jr, Babes in Toyland and Gumball. The latter tour was chronicled on the documentary 1991: The Year Punk Broke, directed by Dave Markey.
Following the release of Daydream Nation in 1988, Sonic Youth were interested in signing with a new record label. By the middle of 1989, the top contenders for the band's new label were A&M Records, Atlantic Records and Mute Records. Between late 1989 and early 1990, Geffen Records announced its interest in signing the band. Sonic Youth eventually signed a five-album deal with Geffen for at an estimated $300,000. However, the band was disappointed when they discovered that the albums would be released on the newly-created Geffen sub-label, DGC Records.
Although Sonic Youth's contract had no routine industry stipulation to recording demos for its albums, the band recorded a series of demos in November 1989 to give DGC an idea of what material they were producing, as well as to form a basis for the album. The demos were recorded at Waterworks Recording with Jim Waters as an engineer, and Don Fleming and Dinosaur Jr. frontman J Mascis assisting production. During these sessions, Goo was known under the working title Blowjob?, a name based on Raymond Pettibon's artwork and the band's desire to test Geffen's sense of humor. All songs that would later appear on Goo songs were recorded except for "Scooter & Jinx". Several songs written by Lee Ranaldo, in their embryonic forms, were recorded, including "Mote" (originally titled "Bookstore") and the instrumental "Lee #2".
Although Geffen initially suggested that the band work with producer Daniel Lanois on the record, the band chose to produce Goo by itself with Nick Sansano, who produced Daydream Nation, as an engineer. At Sansano's recommendation, the band chose to record at New York's Sorcerer Sound Recording Studio. Meanwhile, Dinosaur Jr. guitarist J. Mascis convinced Sonic Youth drummer Steve Shelley to buy a larger drumkit. While the new songs were already arranged, the band and Sansano incorporated new recording techniques whenever they could, such as hanging microphones from the studio's catwalk and isolating Shelley in a drum booth. Sonic Youth considered hiring David Markey to film a documentary of the album's production, but due to recurring problems during recording ("It took us forever to get final takes", guitarist Lee Ranaldo recalled), the band abandoned the idea. Once basic tracks were completed, the sessions moved to Green Street studio in order to finish the song and perform album mixing. By the time the album was completed, its cost came out to $150,000.
The album's lead track, "Dirty Boots", evokes old blues slang in its declaration that "It's time to rock the road/And tell the story of the jelly rollin'/Dirty boots are on/Hi de ho".
The second track, "Tunic (Song for Karen)", is about Karen Carpenter, a pop drummer and singer who died from anorexia nervosa. It imagines her in heaven, happy, playing the drums again and meeting new friends Dennis Wilson, Elvis Presley and Janis Joplin.
The album featured the single "Kool Thing", on which Chuck D from the rap group Public Enemy guested. The song is purported to be about the disillusionment that bass player Kim Gordon experienced after interviewing LL Cool J for Spin the previous year. "Are you going to liberate us girls from male, white, corporate oppression?" Gordon asks in the song. The album version of "Mary-Christ" fades out with a portion of the intro to "Kool Thing". This is because in the recording session for "Mary-Christ" the band went right into "Kool Thing", but this take of "Kool Thing" was not chosen for the album. "Kool Thing" was featured prominently in Hal Hartley's independent film Simple Men.
The album's title derives from the song "My Friend Goo", a portrait of a friend who "sticks just like glue". According to the Sonic Youth website, a considered title was "Blow Job?" for a while. This was also the working title for "Mildred Pierce".
The cover is a Raymond Pettibon illustration based on a paparazzi photo of Maureen Hindley and her first husband David Smith, witnesses in the case of the Moors murders serial killers Ian Brady and Myra Hindley, driving to the trial in 1966.
In 2008, Scottish band The Twilight Sad released an EP called Killed My Parents and Hit the Road. The name and album artwork, which features a re-work of the Goo cover in the style of previous Twilight Sad artwork, are homages to Goo. According to vocalist James Graham, the Goo pastiche was the idea of guitarist Andy MacFarlane. Graham commented, "[The Twilight Sad] were playing in America with Mogwai [...] and Thurston Moore [came] to the gig. So we were thinking 'fuck' and hoping he didn't see the merchandise table. They haven't sued us though. Yet."
Track listing 
|2.||"Tunic (Song for Karen)"||Gordon||Gordon||6:22|
|6.||"My Friend Goo"||Gordon||Gordon, Moore||2:19|
|9.||"Cinderella's Big Score"||Gordon||Gordon||5:54|
|10.||"Scooter + Jinx"||—||—||1:06|
|11.||"Titanium Exposé"||Moore, Gordon||Moore, Gordon||6:27|
|Deluxe Edition bonus tracks|
|13.||"That's All I Know (Right Now)"||2:20|
|14.||"The Bedroom (Live)"||3:42|
|15.||"Dr. Benway's House"||1:17|
|Deluxe Edition bonus disc|
|1.||"Tunic (Song for Karen)" (8-track demo)||Gordon||Gordon, Mascis||6:44|
|2.||"Number One (Disappearer)" (8-track demo)||Moore||Moore||4:57|
|3.||"Titanium Exposé" (8-track demo)||Moore, Gordon||Moore, Gordon||4:43|
|4.||"Dirty Boots" (8-track demo)||Moore||Moore||6:37|
|5.||"Corky (Cinderella's Big Score)" (8-track demo)||Moore||Moore||7:49|
|6.||"My Friend Goo" (8-track demo)||Gordon||Gordon||2:31|
|7.||"Bookstore (Mote)" (8-track demo)||Ranaldo||Ranaldo||4:14|
|8.||"Animals (Mary-Christ)" (8-track demo)||Moore||Moore, Gordon||3:02|
|9.||"DV2 (Kool Thing)" (8-track demo)||Gordon||Gordon, Moore||4:17|
|10.||"Blowjob (Mildred Pierce)" (8-track demo)||Moore||Moore||8:52|
|11.||"Lee #2 (instrumental)" (8-track demo)||Ranaldo||—||3:30|
|12.||"I Know There's an Answer" (Beach Boys cover)||Brian Wilson, Terry Sachen, Mike Love||Ranaldo, Moore||3:10|
|13.||"Can Song" (—)||—||—||3:17|
|15.||"Goo Interview Flexi" (sound montage)||—||—||6:03|
Critical reception 
Goo was generally well-received by critics, albeit less so than previous records. Rolling Stone's review was very favorable, calling the album "a brilliant, extended essay in refined primitivism that deftly reconciles rock's structural conventions with the band's twin passions for violent tonal elasticity and garage-punk holocaust", finishing the review with "Rock & roll, or what's left of it, may never be the same. "
Other reviewers were less favorable. AllMusic called the album "a defiant call to arms against mainstream musical values" that "nevertheless lacks the coherence and force of the group's finest work". Trouser Press panned the album, writing "Goo repeatedly strains to be the coolest shit and fails miserably. " Piero Scaruffi opined that, following Daydream Nation, Goo and ensuing albums "failed to improve over this model and failed to find the same magical balance of elements".
A two-disc/four-LP deluxe edition of the album was released in 2005 with outtakes, demos and live tracks.
In 1991, a long-form music video version of Goo was released on VHS and Laserdisc. A music video for each song from the album is included; the track listing is identical to that of the original album. In 2004, nearly the entire contents of the Goo video was included on the DVD compilation Corporate Ghost: The Videos: 1990-2002, only a short fragment that appeared after the conclusion of "Titanium Exposé" on the 1991 video is missing.
Chart positions 
|Dutch Top 100||71|
|New Zealand RIANZ Albums Chart||22|
|UK Albums Chart||32|
|US Billboard 200||96|
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