Good Girl Gone Bad
|Good Girl Gone Bad|
|Studio album by Rihanna|
|Released||May 30, 2007|
|Genre||Dance-pop, pop, R&B|
|Producer||Kuk Harrell, Hannon Lane, Terius "Dream" Nash, Ne-Yo, Neo Da Matrix, Makeba Riddick, Evan Rogers, Jonathan "J.R." Rotem, StarGate, C. "Tricky" Stewart, Carl Sturken, Shea Taylor, Timbaland, Justin Timberlake|
|Singles from Good Girl Gone Bad|
Good Girl Gone Bad is the third studio album by Barbadian recording artist Rihanna. It was released on May 30, 2007, by Def Jam Recordings. It was recorded at various studios and produced by Christopher "Tricky" Stewart, Evan Rogers, Carl Sturken, Ne-Yo, StarGate, and Timbaland. A dance-pop album, Good Girl Gone Bad has up-tempo and ballad-oriented songs and incorporates R&B in its second half, while departing from the dancehall influence of her previous albums.
Upon its release, Good Girl Gone Bad received generally positive reviews from music critics. It debuted at number two on the US Billboard 200, with first-week sales of 162,000 copies, and became a massive commercial success. The album achieved multi-platinum success in several countries. Seven official singles were released from the album. Its lead single, "Umbrella", earned Rihanna a Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration. The album was reissued as Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded in June 2008.
Background and recording
After working with him on her 2006 album A Girl Like Me (2006), Rihanna spent the week of the 2007 Grammy Awards with singer-songwriter Ne-Yo writing songs for Good Girl Gone Bad in February 2007. She also received vocal lessons from him while recording most of the album in Los Angeles. Despite having previously worked with him, she teamed up with him again and wrote the duet "Hate That I Love You". Rihanna commented: "I read through the lyrics, and I'm like, 'What are you thinking? What is going through your head?' " Rihanna recalled. "I just have to stop sometimes and be like, 'Ne-Yo, OK, tell me why you wrote this song.' Because I don't understand how he comes up with certain concepts and he just blows me away sometimes. He's just insane." He also wrote two other songs on the album and the first single from the re-release, "Take a Bow". The album's lead single, "Umbrella", was written by The-Dream. The song was originally written with American pop singer Britney Spears in mind, but her label rejected the song and instead offered it to American R&B singer Mary J. Blige before giving it to Rihanna.
Stewart stated that he was still reluctant as to whether Rihanna was the right artist to record the song, but following the recording of the "ella, ella" catch phrase, he felt they were onto "something". The-Dream also helped with penning the songs "Breakin' Dishes", "Sell Me Candy," and "Lemme Get That" on the album. "Shut Up and Drive" was inspired by "Blue Monday", embracing a noticeable rock-oriented sound. Rihanna also worked with Justin Timberlake on the album who wrote the eighth single, "Rehab". She added, "It's just an honour to work with Justin. He's a fun guy, a great artist and a very talented person."
"They just put me in the studio and I started recording and recording, and it showed the direction of who I became as an artist.[...] We figured Good Girl Gone Bad was the perfect title because it showed people I'm my own [person] now. Not doing what anyone wants me to do. I'm not the innocent Rihanna anymore. I'm taking a lot more risks and chances. I felt when I cut my hair, it shows people I'm not trying to look or be anybody else. The album is very edgy. We have some urban records, some really pop records.—Rihanna, MTV News
Rihanna worked with some of the producers who has worked on her previous the albums including Evan and Carl, J.R. Rotem, record producer Sean Garrett and Norwegian production team Stargate. Rihanna also collaborated with new music producers on the album such as Timbaland, will.i.am and Sean Garrett in the studio. Rihanna also wanted to work with music producer Andre 3000 and Polow Da Don, who had previous works with the Pussycat Dolls, Fergie and Usher among others. During an interview on UK radio station Capital FM, Rihanna explained the meaning and reasoning behind the album title: "Bad is not sleazy. Bad has its own term to every individual and in my case it just means I've gotten a little rebellious on the album, broken out of my shell and I'm taking risks... Michael Jackson Bad kind of way".
Good Girl Gone Bad was recorded in sessions at Battery Studios and Roc The Mic Studios in New York City; The Loft in Bronxville, New York; Rocky Mountain Recorders in Denver; Triangle Sound in Atlanta, California; Glenwood Place Studios in Burbank; Phantom Studios in Westlake Village; Chalice Recording Studios, The Record Plant, and Westlake Recording Studios in Los Angeles; Conway Studios, Henson Recording Studios, Pacifique Recoridng Studio in Hollywood; Chicago Recording Company and Pressure Studios in Chicago; D.M.L. Recording Studios in East Orange; Espionage Studios in Oslo, Norway; Lethal Studios in Bridgetown, Barbados; Sunwatch in St. James; Phase One Audio Group in Toronto; and Parr Street Studios in Liverpool, England.
Music and style
Rihanna herself stated that the album is greatly inspired by Brandy's 2004 album Afrodisiac: "That album I listen to all day, all night. When I was in the studio that was the album that I listened to all the time and I really admired that every song was a great song. You could listen to the entire album. And I was like, 'You know what? I have to make an album like this'". Good Girl Gone Bad is a dance-pop album. It follows her club-natured melodies and, like its predecessor, includes R&B and ballads. In an interview surrounding the album's theme, Rihanna claimed, "You feel different every album, and [at] this stage I feel like I want to do a lot of uptempo [songs].[...] I want to keep people dancing but still be soulful at the same time". Pitchfork Media's Tom Breihan asserts that most of the album "doesn't qualify as r&b even in its Ciara robo-diva form", finding it "closer to teenpop territory, where sex and consumerism supersede personal connection."
Most of its dance-pop songs are in the first-half, while the album's second half partly explores conventional R&B. The first half of the album is also filled with well-known samples, and the second half of the album features a slow and moody sound. The album did not include the reggae and dancehall that Music of the Sun (2005), and A Girl Like Me (2006) contained. The reason for that being, was because of the direction and theme of the album. Rihanna explained:
"I basically took the attitude of the bad girl and I really got rebellious and just did everything the way I wanted to do it—I didn't want to listen to anybody. I didn't consult with anybody. I just want to have a little more fun with my music and be a little more experimental in terms of my image and my sound. I just reinvented myself.[...] A bad girl, it's all about the attitude that you take toward things, I'm not being careful, I'm just having fun. I'm taking risks because bad girls take risks."
Some of the songs on the album incorporate 1970s and 1980s styles, which are inspired through sampling. The album's second single, "Shut Up and Drive" is sampled from the New Order's 1983 "Blue Monday". However, Allmusic referred to it as "a sleek, forthcoming proposition…as undeniable and rocking as Sugababes' 2002 UK smash 'Freak Like Me'." "Don't Stop the Music," being a fast dance groove song, is combined with a sample of "Soul Makossa" and part of the chorus from "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'." "Push Up on Me," on the other hand, features a sample from the Lionel Richie 1983 song "Running with the Night".
"Umbrella", whose single features rapper Jay-Z, is the album's opening and lead single. The song combines synthesizers with the based on the hi-hat, synthesizers, and a distorted bassline. Andy Kellman of Allmusic described the song as a mammoth if spacious drums, a towering backdrop during the chorus, and vocals that are somehow totally convincing without sounding all that impassioned. However, Entertainment Weekly commented that the song's beat can be recreated through a slowed-down drum loop from the Apple music-software program GarageBand. The album was also the first album where Rihanna showcased her rock and roll side as evident in the electric guitar flavored "Shut Up and Drive." The song is part of an all-upbeat opening sequence with a heavy guitar riff containing a pop rock sound. "Hate That I Love You" and "Take a Bow" both carry a moderate groove sound, with an R&B influences that uses of a gently strummed acoustic guitar. "Don't Stop the Music" is up-tempo dance groove with "Don't Stop the Music" incorporating electropop and house music while "Disturbia" using a dark sound[disambiguation needed] with the vocal effect of Auto-Tune, being used throughout the song on Rihanna's vocals.
Good Girl Gone Bad focuses primarily on being rebellious and gaining a bad girl attitude. "Shut Up and Drive" is all about Rihanna wanting someone to drive her around in her new car, she wants someone to take control now, but can they handle it. "Hate That I Love You" talks about being in love with the ex-boyfriend and not being able to move on. In an interview, Rihanna said "That song ['Hate That I Love You'], when it first starts off, you think it's a sexy song, but you have to listen to the lyrics. It's a really deep song." "Take a Bow" portrays an apology from a boyfriend after he's nabbed cheating. "Rehab" portrays a message about being in a co-dependent relationship.
Releases and promotion
Good Girl Gone Bad was released through Def Jam Recordings on May 30, 2007. Rihanna re-released the album with a double-disc deluxe edition package titled Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded in June 2008. In the U.S., the set includes the standard edition's 12 tracks, with three all new tracks—the lead U.S. number-one single "Take a Bow", a remix of "If I Never See Your Face Again" with Maroon 5, and the U.S. number-one single "Disturbia." A documented performance at Manchester Evening News Arena on December 6, 2007, was released as a DVD on June 17, 2008, containing behind the scenes footage and four live performances from her tours, and was housed in a digipak. The deluxe edition of Good Girl Gone Bad: Reloaded has gone out of print within months of its release and has been replaced with exactly the same CD as the deluxe edition, however, it is packaged in a standard CD case as opposed to the original release's digipak, and it does not include the bonus DVD. The double disc album is still available in some media retailers.
In the United States, the album's artwork features a green toned background instead of the original's grey toned background. In the United Kingdom, the background is a white-gray toned background instead of the green. The revamped version of the album was released in most countries on June 17, but the album version was released on June 2, 2008, in the UK (with the DVD version following on June 16) and on June 21 in Australia. The album was released as a remix collection on January 27, 2009 and on February 2, 2009, in the UK. The songs are radio edits. This release is different to the bonus disc found on the original album's deluxe edition in that it excludes the remixes of "SOS" and of the bonus tracks "Cry" and "Haunted". In turn, this release adds in remixes of "Disturbia" and "Take A Bow" from the Reloaded edition but excludes the remix of "If I Never See Your Face Again" featuring Maroon 5 (a remix of this can be found on Call and Response: The Remix Album). A remix version of "Umbrella" has been added, and the remix of "Don't Stop The Music" has also been changed. On January 26, 2009, Universal Music Group added the album to their list of "First Plays", an online version of the album.
In May 2007, Rihanna co-hosted MTV’s Total Request Live to promote the album. She then performed live at the 2007 MTV Movie Awards on June 3, 2007. She also performed on The Ellen DeGeneres Show in September 2007 and on the Late Show with David Letterman in October 2007. The second single of the album, "Shut Up and Drive", was used as a promotional for Cycle 9 of The CW's television series America's Next Top Model.
The album's lead single, "Umbrella", was released during late March in the United States, and early May across the rest of the world. "Umbrella" reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the issue dated June 9, 2007, and held that position for seven weeks. The song remained at number one on the UK Singles Chart for ten consecutive weeks, the longest running chart topper in a decade. The single also reached number one in twenty-seven other countries across the globe. Its music video was officially released on the iTunes Store on May 11, 2007. The album's second single, "Shut Up and Drive" was released in August. Although it did not reach the same level of success as "Umbrella", it achieved top five peaks in Australia, Finland, Ireland, Netherlands and the UK, as well as reaching the top twenty in sixteen countries including USA. The song peaked at number fifteen on the Billboard Hot 100.
"Hate That I Love You" (featuring Ne-Yo), the third single, was released in North America, Australia, Brazil and the UK (the fourth in Europe), and became another hit in the United States and elsewhere. It peaked at number 7 on the Billboard Hot 100 and attained top twenty status in over fifteen countries. The first single taken from the re-release in Latin America and Spain was a Spanglish version of "Hate That I Love You" featuring David Bisbal, which was as successful as the other singles, reaching the top five in Spain. Rihanna performed this song at the 2008 Royal Variety Performance. "Don't Stop the Music" was the fourth single from the album (the third in Europe and second in Germany), and was another global success, reaching the top spot on ten charts across the world. It peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and was a top ten hit in twenty-five countries.
"Rehab" was the eighth single. It impacted U.S. radio on October 7, 2008, and peaked at number 18 on the Billboard Hot 100. Rihanna performed "Rehab" on November 23, 2008, at the American Music Awards 2008 and on season 8 of Star Academy France, with eventual winner Mickels Réa. "Breakin' Dishes" was originally scheduled to be the eighth single. However, it was replaced with "Rehab." "Breakin' Dishes" was released in the US as a promo single for Good Girl Gone Bad: The Remixes and peaked at number 4 on the US Hot Dance Club Play chart.
Rihanna embarked on a worldwide concert tour, the Good Girl Gone Bad Tour, on September 15, 2007, three months after the release of the album. It consisted of 80 shows and ended on January 24, 2009. The first leg began in Canada, consisting of eleven shows across the country with Akon, and it later passed (without Akon) through United States, Europe, Oceania, Africa and Asia. Supporting acts for the tour were Akon, Ciara and David Jordan.
Good Girl Gone Bad received generally favorable reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 72, based on 16 reviews. Uncut called it a "shiny, trans-atlantic blend of Europop vim, R&B grit and Caribbean bounce." Andy Kellman of Allmusic said that it is "as pop as pop gets in 2007, each one of its 12 songs a potential hit in some territory". Quentin B. Huff of PopMatters called it "pure entertainment, a musical funhouse mirror that reflects today’s breadth of girl talk: a little bit of Gwen, a dash of Kelis, some Beyoncé, a shade of Pink." Kelefa Sanneh of The New York Times wrote that the album "sounds as if it were scientifically engineered to deliver hits". Peter Robinson of The Observer commended her "crew of collaborators" for "masking her own shortcomings" and commented that, "While Rihanna lacks her peers' charisma, she's a great vessel for exhilarating mainstream pop." Pitchfork Media's Tom Breihan called the album an "unexpectedly varied and satisfying listen". Neil Drumming of Entertainment Weekly felt that, although it "goes bad when Rihanna tries her hand at treacly ballads and glum sentiment", Good Girl Gone Bad is, "its finest, messiest moments," a "thrilling throwback to more than a decade ago, when upstart producers haphazardly mashed R&B with hip-hop to create chunky jeep anthems such as Mary J. Blige's 'Real Love'."
In a mixed review, Rodney Dugue of The Village Voice felt that the album "never settles on a sound" and only cited its three Timbaland-produced songs as highlights. Although he found the ballads improved from Rihanna's previous albums, Slant Magazine's Sal Cinquemani criticized the lyrics, particularly those written by Justin Timberlake, as "once again an Achilles' high heel for Rihanna". Alex Macpherson of The Guardian found Rihanna to be "ill-suited" for its dance-pop songs and stated, "The gimmicky samples and pounding beats bury her personality, and the summery reggae of her first two albums is sorely missed." Robert Christgau of MSN Music cited "Umbrella" as a "choice cut", indicating "a good song on an album that isn't worth your time or money". The song was also ranked number three on "The 10 Best Songs of 2007" by Time; the magazine's Josh Tyrangiel said that it was "the sexiest song of 2007."
In the United States, Good Girl Gone Bad debuted at number two on the Billboard 200, being headed by T-Pain's Epiphany, selling 162,000 units in its first week according to Nielsen SoundScan. The following week, the album dropped to number seven selling 81,000 copies. In 2008, the album received a two-times platinum certification by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), adding the sales from the original Good Girl Gone Bad album with the deluxe edition. The album spent 98 weeks in the Billboard 200 selling 2,616,000 copies. As of February 2011 the album has sold 2,666,000 copies in the United States. As of July 2010, the digital tracks from the album have sold a combined total of more than 17 million units in United States.
In the United Kingdom, Good Girl Gone Bad became Rihanna's first number-one album on the UK Albums Chart. The album has since gone five times platinum in UK for sales of over 1.5 million to date (up to the week ending August 28, 2009, including the Reloaded Edition). As of July 2011, the album has charted for 213 weeks on the UK Albums Chart. As of September 6, 2011, the album has sold 1,770,000 copies in the United Kingdom. In Canada, the album also debuted at number one on the Canadian Albums Chart and has been certified five times platinum for sales of over 500,000 copies to date. In Europe, the album was awarded a three-times platinum certification by the IFPI for sales of three million, becoming one of the best-selling albums in that continent for 2007. In France, the album debuted at number eight and after the re-release, the album soared from 141 to 43 having the greatest gainer of the week. In Germany, the album debuted at number four and reached this position two times, making it her highest charting album in that country. The album spent total of 101 weeks on German Albums Chart, making it the longest-staying album on this Chart of her career. The first Reloaded version of the album jumped from 88 to 20 in its fifth week on the chart. In Germany, it's considered her most successful album, which earned Rihanna two times platinum for selling over 400,000 copies.
|1.||"Umbrella" (featuring Jay-Z)||C. "Tricky" Stewart, Terius "Dream" Nash, Thaddis Harrell, Shawn Carter||Stewart, Kuk Harrell[a]||4:35|
|2.||"Push Up on Me"||Jonathan "J.R." Rotem, Makeba Riddick, Lionel Richie, Cynthia Weil||Rotem, Riddick[a]||3:15|
|3.||"Don't Stop the Music"||Tor Erik Hermansen, Mikkel Storleer Eriksen, Tawanna Dabney, Michael Jackson||StarGate||4:27|
|4.||"Breakin' Dishes"||Stewart, Nash||Stewart, Harrell[a]||3:20|
|5.||"Shut Up and Drive"||Evan Rogers, Carl Sturken, Stephen Morris, Peter Hook, Bernard Sumner, Gillian Gilbert||Rogers, Sturken||3:33|
|6.||"Hate That I Love You" (featuring Ne-Yo)||Shaffer Smith, Hermansen, Eriksen||StarGate, Ne-Yo[a]||3:39|
|7.||"Say It"||Riddick, Quaadir Atkinson, Ewart Brown, Clifton Dillon, Sly Dunbar, Brian Thompson||Neo Da Matrix, Riddick[a]||4:10|
|8.||"Sell Me Candy"||Nash, Riddick, Timothy Mosley||Timbaland, Riddick,[a] Nash[a]||2:45|
|9.||"Lemme Get That"||Nash, Mosley, Carter||Timbaland, Nash[a]||3:41|
|10.||"Rehab"||Justin Timberlake, Mosley, Hannon Lane||Timbaland, Lane,[b] Timberlake[a]||4:54|
|11.||"Question Existing"||Smith, Shea Taylor, Carter||Taylor, Ne-Yo,[b] Riddick[a]||4:06|
|12.||"Good Girl Gone Bad"||Smith, Hermansen, Eriksen, Lene Marlin||StarGate, Ne-Yo,[a] Nash[a]||3:33|
|UK bonus track|
|13.||"Cry"||Eriksen, Frankie Storm, Hermansen||StarGate||3:55|
|UK iTunes Exclusive bonus track (Laterly removed)|
|14.||"Umbrella" (Acoustic)||C. "Tricky" Stewart, Terius "Dream" Nash, Thaddis Harrell, Shawn Carter||Stewart, Kuk Harrell[a]||4:36|
|Japan bonus tracks|
|13.||"Cry"||Eriksen, Frankie Storm, Hermansen||StarGate||3:55|
- ^[a] denotes a vocal producer
- ^[b] denotes a co-producer
- "Don't Stop the Music" samples Wanna Be Startin' Somethin', as written and performed by Michael Jackson, which itself samples Soul Makossa, as performed by Manu Dibango.
Back to Black by Amy Winehouse
|Irish Albums Chart number-one album
January 25, 2008 (one week)
Skybound by Tom Baxter
Lost Highway by Bon Jovi
|Swiss Albums Chart number-one album
July 29, 2007 (one week)
Planet Earth by Prince
It Won't Be Soon Before Long by Maroon 5
|UK Albums Chart number-one album
June 10, 2007 – June 16, 2007 (two weeks)
The Traveling Wilburys Collection by Traveling Wilburys
I Am... Sasha Fierce by Beyoncé
|UK R&B Chart number-one album
January 25, 2009 (one week)
I Am... Sasha Fierce by Beyoncé
|New Zealand||3× Platinum|
|United Kingdom||5× Platinum|
|United States||2× Platinum|
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