Goodyera repens

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Creeping lady's-tresses
Dwarf rattlesnake plantain
Goodyera repens (habitus).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Genus: Goodyera
Species: G. repens
Binomial name
Goodyera repens
(L.) R. Br.
Synonyms[1]
  • Satyrium repens L. (basionym)
  • Epipactis repens (L.) Crantz
  • Serapias repens (L.) Vill.
  • Neottia repens (L.) Sw.
  • Orchis repens (L.) Eyster ex Poir.
  • Peramium repens (L.) Salisb.
  • Tussaca secunda Raf.
  • Gonogona repens (L.) Link
  • Elasmatium repens (L.) Dulac
  • Orchiodes repens (L.) Kuntze
  • Goodyera marginata Lindl.
  • Orchiodes marginatum (Lindl.) Kuntze
  • Orchiodes resupinatum Kuntze
  • Peramium repens var. ophioides (Fernald) A.Heller
  • Epipactis repens var. ophioides (Fernald) A.A.Eaton
  • Goodyera nantoensis Hayata
  • Goodyera chinensis Schltr.
  • Goodyera mairei Schltr.
  • Goodyera brevis Schltr.
  • Peramium secundum (Raf.) House
  • Epipactis chinensis (Schltr.) Hu
  • Peramium nantoense (Hayata) Makino
  • Goodyera ophioides (Fernald) Rydb.

Goodyera repens, an orchid in the genus Goodyera, is called by the common name creeping lady's-tresses in Anglophone Europe[2] and dwarf rattlesnake plantain or lesser rattlesnake plantain in North America.

It is a green underground creeper that sends out occasional skinny stems above the surface. During the summer, these stems bear flowers arranged in a spiral. These flowers twist themselves to face toward the sun.

Goodyera repens is found in isolated spots in the forests and bogs of Europe. It is a rare plant, but it is the most common orchid in Scandinavia. The species is widespread across much of Europe, Asia and North America including Russia, China, Germany, Poland, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, though never very common in any of these places.[1][3][4]

Goodyera repens is a protected species throughout most of its range. It does not survive fire, and does not soon reenter an area after fire or logging. It is generally found only in forests at least 95 years old.[5]

Like other orchids, Goodyera repens' lives in symbiosis with a mycorrhiza, a rhizome-dwelling fungus (Ceratobasidium cornigerum or Rhizoctonia goodyearae-repentis). The mycorrhiza helps the orchid absorb and assimilate nutrients.

This orchid is pollinated by bumblebees, allowing for its sexual reproduction. It can also reproduce vegetatively.

The seeds are probably the smallest of any plant.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ Flora of North America, v 26 p 516, Goodyera repens
  4. ^ Flora of China v 25 p 48, 小斑叶兰 xiao ban ye lan, Goodyera repens
  5. ^ Williams, T. Y. (1990). "Goodyera repens". Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 

External links[edit]

  • National Biodiversity Network (UK) Grid map
  • Creeping ladies tresses species profile [1]