Google Chrome Experiments

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Chrome Experiment
Logo of Google Chrome Experiments.jpg
Web address www.chromeexperiments.com
Commercial? No
Type of site Showcase of web technology
Owner Google Inc.
Created by Google Inc.
Launched March 1, 2009; 5 years ago (2009-03-01)
Alexa rank 13,646 (January 2013)[1]
Current status Active

Google Chrome Experiments is an online showroom of web browser based experiments, interactive programs, and artistic projects. Launched in March 2009, Chrome Experiments is an official Google website that was originally meant to test the limits of JavaScript and the Google Chrome browser's performance and abilities. As the project progressed, it took the role of showcasing and experimenting latest open-source web-based technologies, such as JavaScript, HTML5, WebGL, Canvas, SVG, CSS, and some others. All the projects on Chrome experiments are user submitted and are made using open source technologies. As of August 1, 2013, there are 680 different Chrome projects posted on the website.

History[edit]

Google's Chrome Experiments was launched in March 2009 with 19 experiments[2] The main reason for its inception was to demonstrate and test the abilities of JavaScript and Google's V8 JavaScript engine. With time it also started featuring other open source web-based technologies such as HTML5, Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), WebGL, Web Audio, and Canvas element. The focus of the project throughout has been on open source technology and thus does not features proprietary software such as Adobe Flash. The website is steadily gaining popularity along with the number of featured experiments. The number of experiments increased to 50 by August 2009,[3] to 100 by July 2010,[4] and to 500 by September 2012.[5] As of August 2013 the number of experiments on the website were way over 600.[citation needed]

The earliest projects featured on the site were mainly visualizations, interactive toys, and simple online games.[6] The earliest contributors (according to Google’s official blog) were made by artists and programmers like Casey Reas, Ricardo Cabello (Mr.doob), Ryan Alexander, Joshua T. Nimoy, and Karsten Schmidt (Toxi). Since its inception and launch, Chrome experiment has featured only user submitted projects on their site, with few exception of projects submitted by Google's teams. However these submissions are first curated by the Chrome Experiments team and then posted on the site for reviews and comments. It is also important to note that the user submitted projects are not hosted on the Google site. The Chrome Experiment only posts a verified link to the developer's website.

Major technologies used[edit]

Chrome Experiments was originally started to demonstrate the usability of JavaScript alone, but with time it has now become a platform to showcase capabilities of some other open-source web based technologies such as WebGl, HTML5, SVG, and Canvas element.

JavaScript[edit]

Main article: JavaScript

JavaScript is a scripting language that is mainly used for creating for implementing dynamic website pages and enhanced user interfaces for web browsers. Highly influenced by programming languages such as C, Java, Self, and Scheme, JavaScript supports object oriented, functional, and imperative programming styles. Even though its name has Java in it, it is an entirely different language than Java. JavaScript is the main area of focus on Chrome Experiments, thus nearly all of the experiments showcased on the site use JavaScript in some form or other.

HTML5[edit]

The W3C HTML5 logo
Main article: HTML5

Hyper Text Markup language or HTML is the most used markup language for displaying web pages and the backbone language for internet itself. HTML5 is the 5th revision of HTML standards. It facilitates playing of audio and video elements in the browser itself, usage of Scalable Vector Graphics, and with the help of JavaScript or CSS3 it programmers can even design animations.

All Chrome experiments are browser based, thus all have some relation to HTML, and because of new Canvas element unique to HTML5, nearly all of the paint and design tools on the site along with some games, utilize HTML5 and Canvas 2-D element.

Cascading Style Sheets[edit]

Cascading style sheets (CSS) is style sheet language that is used to format the structure and look of a webpage written in markup languages such as HTML and XHTML. Along with markup languages it can also be used to format XML documents. CSS allows developers to move formatting attributes such as font color, font style, font size, background color, borders, section sizes, and other elements, to be moved in a single separate file resulting in much simpler code and much flexible handling of final rendering. Because of this feature, CSS is heavily used in nearly all Chrome experiments.

WebGL[edit]

Main article: WebGL

WebGL (Web Graphics Library) is a JavaScript API used for rendering 3-D and 2-D graphics and animations in the web browsers itself without any additional plugin. The web browser should be compatible with the API. WebGL is an open source API that is based on Open Graphic Library Embedded systems (OpenGL ES) and draws inspiration from Canvas 3-D element. WebGL is currently supported by Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox, along with limited support by Safari and Opera. Internet Explorer, however, has no inbuilt support for WebGL until now but a user can view WebGL content on IE using additional browser plugins.

Utilized by more than 200 experiments out of 680, WebGL is one of the most commonly used technologies on the site. The technology has also gained active use in famous and useful online apps such as Google Maps,[7][8] and Zygote Body (formerly Google Body)[9] .

HTML5 Audio[edit]

Main article: HTML5 Audio

Web audio or HTML5 audio, is the high level JavaScript API that is used for processing and playback of audio content on the browser itself, without any additional plugins. All experiments on the Google Chrome Experiment site are designed to be interactive and attractive, thus Web-audio is an integral part of most of these projects.

Mobile[edit]

In February 7, 2012, Google launched its first beta release of chrome web browser for mobiles,[10] and on June 27, 2012 Google added a new section on the Chrome Experiment website dedicated to only mobile based applications.[5][11] As of August 2013, there are 22 applications on the site. The major technologies utilized by these applications include JavaScript, HTML5, and CSS3.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chrome Experiments Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2013-01-26. 
  2. ^ "Chrome Experiments: not your mother's JavaScript". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "50 Chrome Experiments and counting!". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "100 Chrome Experiments and counting!". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "500 Chrome Experiments and counting...". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Sharma, Ekant. "Chrome Experiments: A Showroom of Innovative Web Technology". xhtmljunction.com. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Step inside the map with Google MapsGL". Google official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "MapsGL". Google Maps. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  9. ^ Zeiger, Roni (January 9, 2012). "Google Body becomes Zygote Body; built on open source 3D viewer". Google Open Source blog. Google. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "Introducing Chrome for Android". Google Chrome official blog. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "Introducing Chrome Experiments for Mobile". Google Chrome's Official Youtube channel [1]. Retrieved 15 December 2012.