Google Modular Data Center
The Google Modular Data Center is a modular data center built from a set of shipping containers, and used by Google to house some of its servers. They were revealed on April 1, 2009, during the first Google Data Center Efficiency Summit in Mountain View, California. The data centers are rumored to cost $600 million USD each, and use from 50 to 103 megawatts of electricity. They house the computing resources that comprise the Google platform.
Google was reported in November 2005 to be working on their own shipping container datacenter. Although in January 2007 it was reported that the project had been discontinued, Google's patent on the concept was still pushed through the patent system and was successfully issued in October 2007. In 2009 Google announced that their first container based data center has been in production since 2005.
The locations of Google's various data centers are as follows:
- Douglas County, Georgia since 2003, 350 jobs
- The Dalles, Oregon since 2006, 80 full-time jobs
- Council Bluffs, Iowa announced 2007, first phase completed 2009, expanded 2013 and 2014, 130 jobs
- Lenoir, North Carolina announced 2007, completed 2009, over 110 jobs
- Pryor Creek, Oklahoma at MidAmerica Industrial Park announced 2007, expanded 2012, 100 jobs
- Berkeley County, South Carolina since 2007, expanded in 2013, 150 jobs
- Saint-Ghislain, Belgium announced 2007, completed 2010, no job information available
- Hamina, Finland announced 2009, first phase completed 2011, expanded 2012, no job information available
- Dublin, Ireland announced 2011, completed 2012, no job information available
- Jurong West, Singapore announced 2011, completed 2013, no job information available
- Changhua County, Taiwan announced 2011, completed 2013, 60 jobs
- Video on YouTube
- Robert X. Cringely (November 17, 2005). "Google-Mart: Sam Walton Taught Google More About How to Dominate the Internet Than Microsoft Ever Did". I, Cringely. PBS. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
This shipping container is a prototype data center. Google hired a pair of very bright industrial designers to figure out how to cram the greatest number of CPUs, the most storage, memory and power support into a 20- or 40-foot box.
- "Whatever Happened to that Google Cargo Container Idea?". January 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
But managers were too timid to pack in enough servers, so the experiment was not cost-effective and was ultimately canceled, he said.
- U.S. Patent 7,278,273
- Jones, K.C. (October 10, 2007). "Google Wins Patent For Data Center In A Box; Trouble For Sun, Rackable, IBM?". InformationWeek. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Google container data center tour".
- "Google data centers, locations". Google. Retrieved 21 July 2014.