Goondiwindi

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Goondiwindi
Queensland
Gunsynd statue.JPG
Statue of Gunsynd, The Goondiwindi Grey
Goondiwindi is located in Queensland
Goondiwindi
Goondiwindi
Coordinates 28°33′0″S 150°19′0″E / 28.55000°S 150.31667°E / -28.55000; 150.31667Coordinates: 28°33′0″S 150°19′0″E / 28.55000°S 150.31667°E / -28.55000; 150.31667
Population 5,629 (2006 Census)[1]
Established 20 October 1888
Postcode(s) 4390
Elevation 217.2 m (713 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Goondiwindi Region
State electorate(s) Southern Downs
Federal Division(s) Maranoa
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.7 °C
80 °F
12.8 °C
55 °F
611.2 mm
24.1 in

Goondiwindi /ɡʌndəˈwɪndi/[2] is an Australian town of approximately 5,629 people.[1] The town has an annual population growth of 1.4 percent. The name Goondiwindi derives from an Aboriginal word meaning "the resting place of the birds".

History[edit]

Major flooding affected the town in 1921

Gundiwindi Post Office opened by 1860. It was renamed Goondiwindi by 1861.[3]

Goondiwindi was first proclaimed a municipality on 20 October 1888. The town boundaries have not altered to this day, and before Federation the town served as a border crossing between Queensland and New South Wales.[4] The customs house from that era is now a museum.

The Goondiwindi War Memorial was originally located in Herbert Street and was dedicated on 21 September 1922 by the Queensland Governor, Matthew Nathan. The gates were unveiled in April 1949.[5]

The most famous resident of Goondiwindi was Gunsynd, a Thoroughbred race horse known as "The Goondiwindi Grey" Guided by Tim Lowe,[citation needed] in the late 1960s and early 1970s Gunsynd had 29 wins including the 1971 Epsom Handicap and the 1972 Cox Plate and came third in the 1972 Melbourne Cup. The name "Gunsynd" came from Goondiwindi Syndicate (Gun=Goondiwindi, Synd=Syndicate). There is a statue of Gunsynd in the town centre.[6]

Heritage listings[edit]

Goondiwindi has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Geography[edit]

Goondiwindi is on the MacIntyre River in Queensland near the New South Wales border, 350 kilometres (220 mi) south west of the Queensland state capital, Brisbane. The twin town of Boggabilla is nearby, on the New South Wales side of the border. Most of the area surrounding the town is farmland.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Goondiwindi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.2
(113.4)
44.5
(112.1)
42.4
(108.3)
38.2
(100.8)
34.0
(93.2)
31.2
(88.2)
29.4
(84.9)
34.3
(93.7)
36.7
(98.1)
40.4
(104.7)
43.9
(111)
45.2
(113.4)
45.2
(113.4)
Average high °C (°F) 34.1
(93.4)
33.1
(91.6)
30.9
(87.6)
26.9
(80.4)
22.3
(72.1)
18.8
(65.8)
17.9
(64.2)
20.0
(68)
23.9
(75)
28.0
(82.4)
31.4
(88.5)
33.6
(92.5)
26.7
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
19.5
(67.1)
17.4
(63.3)
13.2
(55.8)
9.1
(48.4)
6.1
(43)
4.8
(40.6)
6.0
(42.8)
9.2
(48.6)
13.3
(55.9)
16.6
(61.9)
18.8
(65.8)
12.8
(55)
Record low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
6.1
(43)
4.7
(40.5)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.8
(27)
−5.6
(21.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
−2.2
(28)
1.1
(34)
4.4
(39.9)
7.8
(46)
−5.6
(21.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 78.5
(3.091)
69.0
(2.717)
59.5
(2.343)
38.7
(1.524)
42.9
(1.689)
40.3
(1.587)
41.9
(1.65)
33.1
(1.303)
39.0
(1.535)
38.7
(1.524)
59.8
(2.354)
69.8
(2.748)
611.2
(24.065)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 7.3 6.2 5.5 4.3 4.8 5.3 5.6 5.0 5.0 6.3 6.3 7.1 68.7
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[11]

Transport[edit]

The town is a major transport nexus between the southern states and Queensland. The Newell, Leichhardt, Gore, Cunningham, Barwon and Bruxner Highways all merge at Goondiwindi or close by. The town is the administrative centre for the Goondiwindi Region. Goondiwindi is a popular stopping point for interstate travellers, and has several motels and restaurants.[12]

Education[edit]

Goondiwindi has three schools: a public primary school, a private primary school and a public high school. These schools are well-established, have solid community ties, and contribute to the community and surrounding areas. Goondiwindi State High School won the 2006 Showcase award, given to schools which display excellence in all areas.[citation needed]

Retailers[edit]

Goondiwindi has many large retailers including Coles, a Mitre 10 Home & Trade, Betta Home Living, The Reject Shop, Repco and a Foodworks (Goondiwindi Co Op).

Farming[edit]

Goondiwindi is a centre for agriculture, producing a diverse range of crops and fibres including wool and beef, cotton, sorghum, corn, wheat, barley and chickpeas. Average annual rainfall for this region is 525 millimetres (20.7 in). Goondiwindi is well known for its dry season but still lasting in with lots of crops

Attractions[edit]

War Memorial Park Monument

Goondiwindi hosts the Natural Heritage and Water Park. The development of the Park is a result of the closure of nearby[13] Boobera Lagoon to power boats.[14] The Lagoon had been a favourite spot for waterskiing for the local area and was the only suitable waterbody for the purpose. The Goondiwindi Town Council petitioned the Federal Government, which responded (through Environment Australia) by funding the National Heritage & Water Park, to make available skiing and boating facilities and to provide a focal point for tourism and recreation in the town and district.

The 210 ha recreational water park opened in early 2004, and offers activities for all ages. The purpose built 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) water channel allows water sports such as waterskiing, wakeboarding, canoeing and boating. It is home to a varied bird life; it provides picnic and swimming areas.[15] Remedial work was performed in 2008 to seal leaks, which caused the lagoon to be dry for a period.[16]

Goondiwindi has an active sporting community, with rugby union, rugby league, cricket, golf, tennis, Australian football, netball, swimming etc. The town built a large indoor gymnasium for use by the general public and school groups. A major sports highlight is the annual "Hell Of The West" triathlon, in February, which sees entrants from across the country.

Boobera Lagoon is a permanent water hole to the west of the town. Bendidee National Park is located a short drive to the north east of the town.

Public Facilities[edit]

Goondiwindi has a range of facilities open to the general public; these include Goondiwindi Waggamba community cultural centre, swimming pool, art gallery, heritage listed custom house museum and a public library.[17]

Media[edit]

Goondiwindi's weekly newspaper is The Goondiwindi Argus. There are several radio stations, including Now FM 88.7, 2VM 89.5,ABC Local Radio,92.7, Rebel FM 96.3, Breeze FM 98.7, Tourist Radio 88FM.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Goondiwindi (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Goondiwindi". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Goondiwindi War Memorial". Monument Australia. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  6. ^ Gunsynd 'The Goondiwindi Grey'
  7. ^ "Goondiwindi War Memorial (entry 15307)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  8. ^ "Goondiwindi Civic Centre (entry 15306)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  9. ^ "Customs House Museum (entry 15305)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  10. ^ "Wyaga Homestead (entry 15715)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-08. 
  11. ^ "GOONDIWINDI POST OFFICE". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  12. ^ Welcome to Goondiwindi & District
  13. ^ The lagoon is some 20 km west of Goondiwindi.
  14. ^ Banning of powered craft on the Lagoon was done to better preserve artifacts or evidences of indigenous culture.
  15. ^ Goondiwindi Regional Council
  16. ^ Report, SMK Consultants pty ltd, to Goondiwindi Regional Council, October 2009
  17. ^ "Goondiwindi". Centre for the Government of Queensland. Retrieved 27 January 2011. 

External links[edit]