Goose Creek, South Carolina

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Goose Creek, South Carolina
City
Location of Goose Creek, South Carolina
Location of Goose Creek, South Carolina
Coordinates: 33°0′N 80°2′W / 33.000°N 80.033°W / 33.000; -80.033Coordinates: 33°0′N 80°2′W / 33.000°N 80.033°W / 33.000; -80.033
Country United States
State South Carolina
Counties Berkeley
Area
 • Total 40.8 sq mi (105.8 km2)
 • Land 40.1 sq mi (103.8 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
Elevation 46 ft (14 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 35,938
 • Density 897/sq mi (346.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 29445
Area code(s) 843
FIPS code 45-29815[1]
GNIS feature ID 1231332[2]
Website www.cityofgoosecreek.com

Goose Creek is a city in Berkeley County in the U.S. state of South Carolina. The population was 35,938 at the 2010 census.[3] Most of the Naval Weapons Station Charleston is in Goose Creek. As defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, and used by the U.S. Census Bureau for statistical purposes only, Goose Creek is included within the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville metropolitan area and the Charleston-North Charleston Urbanized Area.

Geography[edit]

Goose Creek is located in southern Berkeley County at 33°0′N 80°2′W / 33.000°N 80.033°W / 33.000; -80.033 (32.9955, -80.0289).[4] It is bordered to the east by the Cooper River and the Back River, to the southeast by an outer portion of the city of Charleston, to the southwest by the city of Hanahan and (farther to the west) the city of North Charleston in Charleston County, and to the west by the unincorporated community of Ladson.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 40.8 square miles (105.8 km2), of which 40.1 square miles (103.8 km2) is land and 0.77 square miles (2.0 km2), or 1.88%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 35,938 people, 8,947 households, and 7,443 families residing in the city. The population density was 921.6 people per square mile (355.9/km²). There were 9,482 housing units at an average density of 299.2 per square mile (115.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.50% White, 14.22% African American, 0.59% Native American, 2.66% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 2.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.05% of the population.

There were 8,947 households out of which 49.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.8% were non-families. 12.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 18.2% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 15.4% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 115.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,919, and the median income for a family was $47,937. Males had a median income of $31,965 versus $23,754 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,905. About 5.8% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.0% of those under the age of 18 and 7.3% of those 65 and older.

History[edit]

Although the city of Goose Creek was established in 1961,[5] its history dates back many centuries. In early colonial times the term "Goose Creek men" was used for a group of colonists, mostly settled a few miles north of Charleston near a stream called Goose Creek, a tributary of the Cooper River. The Goose Creek men became leaders of the early Indian trade, and by the 1690s many held important offices in the colonial government. At first the Goose Creek men dealt mainly in Indian slaves, while later the deerskin trade dominated. Several colonial governors were Goose Creek men, such as James Moore and Robert Daniell.[6][7][8]

The Otranto Plantation Indigo Vats and St. James Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9]

Armed Forces[edit]

Portions of the Charleston, South Carolina metropolitan area (The City of Charleston, The City of North Charleston, The City of Goose Creek, and The City of Hanahan) are home to all branches of the United States Military. During the Cold War, the Naval Base (1902-1996) became the third largest U.S. homeport serving over 80 ships and submarines. In addition, the Charleston Naval Shipyard repaired frigates, destroyers, cruisers, sub tenders, and submarines. Also, the Shipyard was responsible for refueling nuclear subs.

During this period, the Weapons Station was the Atlantic Fleet's load out base for all nuclear ballistic missile submarines. Two SSBN "Boomer" squadrons and a sub tender were homeported at the Weapons Station, while one SSN attack squadron, Submarine Squadron 4, and a sub tender were homeported at the Naval Base. At the 1996 closure of the Station's Polaris Missile Facility Atlantic (POMFLANT), over 2,500 nuclear warheads and their UGM-27 Polaris, UGM-73 Poseidon, and UGM-96 Trident I delivery missiles (SLBM) were stored and maintained, guarded by a U.S. Marine Corps Security Force Company.

In 2010, the Air Force Base and Naval Weapons Station merged to form Joint Base Charleston. Today, Joint Base Charleston, encompassing over 20,500 acres and supporting 53 Military Commands and Federal Agencies, provides service to over 79,000 Airmen, Sailors, Soldiers, Marines, Coast Guardsmen, DOD civilians, dependents, and retirees.

The unique makeup of Joint Base Charleston, supporting all branches of the Military, provides unmatched assets for the security of this Country.

Navy[edit]

Air Force[edit]

  • Charleston Air Force Base, Joint Base Charleston (3,877 acres, 6.06 square miles), North Charleston
  • Charleston Air Force Auxiliary Base, North, SC (2,393 acres, 3.74 square miles)
  • Charleston Defense Fuel Storage and Distribution Facility, Hanahan
  • 628th Air Base Wing
  • 628th Mission Support Group
  • 628th Medical Group
  • 315th Airlift Wing
  • 437th Airlift Wing
  • 373rd Training Squadron, Detachment 5
  • 1st Combat Camera Squadron
  • 412th Logistics Support Squadron OL-AC
  • Air Force ROTC Det 772
  • Civil Air Patrol – Charleston Composite Squadron

Marines[edit]

  • Marine Corps Reserve Center, Naval Weapons Station

Coast Guard[edit]

Army[edit]

  • South Carolina Army National Guard
  • Army Reserve Training Center, Naval Weapons Station
  • 841st Army Transportation Battalion, Naval Weapons Station
  • 1182nd Army Deployment & Distribution Support Battalion, Naval Weapons Station
  • 1189th Army Transportation Brigade, Reserve Support Command, Naval Weapons Station
  • Army Strategic Logistics Activity, Naval Weapons Station

Federal Complex (former Charleston Naval Base), North Charleston[edit]

  • Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers (FLETC), Department of Homeland Security
  • Moored FLETC Training Ship, SS Cape Chalmers (T-AK-5036)
  • Sea Hawk Interagency Operations Center
  • Customs and Border Protection Satellite Academy
  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement Satellite Academy
  • U.S. Courts, Federal Probation and Pretrial Services Academy
  • Food and Drug Administration Training Academy
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
  • NOAAS Nancy Foster (R 352) Ship
  • NOAAS Ronald H. Brown (R 104) Ship
  • U.S. Department of State
  • Global Financial Services Center, U.S. Department of State
  • Passport Service Center, U.S. Department of State
  • United States Maritime Administration

Police force[edit]

The Goose Creek Police Department is housed at the Marguerite H. Brown Municipal Center, along with the City Hall and Municipal Court, and is an active department within the community of Goose Creek. The Goose Creek Police Department is a CALEA accredited agency and works to maintain a good relationship with the citizens using the community policing method.[10]

High schools[edit]

There are three high schools that serve the Goose Creek area. Cane Bay High School and Stratford High School serve students inside Goose Creek, while Goose Creek High School is located outside Goose Creek city limits and serves students from both in and out of Goose Creek's city limits. Goose Creek High School is the home of the Berkeley County School of the Arts (BCA) Program. BCA is split into different areas (creative writing, music, dance, art, drama, and voice), each focusing on broadening the students' talent in that subject. Each student must try out and be accepted into the program, and only incoming freshmen are eligible for this program. Goose Creek is the only school in the area which hosts this.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Goose Creek, South Carolina (Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 59.0
(15)
62.8
(17.1)
69.6
(20.9)
76.5
(24.7)
83.2
(28.4)
88.4
(31.3)
91.1
(32.8)
89.6
(32)
84.9
(29.4)
77.1
(25.1)
69.8
(21)
61.6
(16.4)
76.1
(24.5)
Average low °F (°C) 38.1
(3.4)
41.2
(5.1)
47.2
(8.4)
53.8
(12.1)
62.4
(16.9)
70.2
(21.2)
73.6
(23.1)
72.9
(22.7)
67.8
(19.9)
57.3
(14.1)
48.1
(8.9)
40.6
(4.8)
56.1
(13.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.70
(94)
2.96
(75.2)
3.71
(94.2)
2.91
(73.9)
3.02
(76.7)
5.64
(143.3)
6.52
(165.6)
7.15
(181.6)
6.10
(154.9)
3.75
(95.3)
2.43
(61.7)
3.11
(79)
50.99
(1,295.1)
Snowfall inches (cm) 0.1
(0.3)
0.2
(0.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
0.6
(1.5)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.5 8.6 7.9 7.7 7.8 11.9 13.0 13.2 10.0 7.3 7.0 8.7 112.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 179.8 189.3 244.9 276.0 294.5 279.0 288.3 257.3 219.0 223.2 189.0 170.5 2,810.8
Source: NOAA,[11] HKO (sun only, 1961–1990)[12]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Goose Creek city, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ About Goose Creek, City of Goose Creek.
  6. ^ Oatis, Steven J. (2004). A colonial complex: South Carolina's frontiers in the era of the Yamasee War, 1680–1730. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-3575-5. 
  7. ^ Overview of the History of Goose Creek, City of Goose Creek.
  8. ^ Smith, Henry A. M. (1928). "Goose Creek". The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine 29: 1–25, 71–96, 167–92, 265–79. ISSN 0148-7825. 
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  10. ^ "Drug Raid At S.C. High School". CBS News. 7 November 2003. 
  11. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Climatological Normals of Charleston, South Carolina". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved June 9, 2010. 
  13. ^ Brandon Shell - Gamecocks Player Profile

External links[edit]