|Former Solicitor General|
June 2009 – June 2011
|Preceded by||Goolam Essaji Vahanvati|
|Succeeded by||Rohinton Fali Nariman|
|Alma mater||Delhi University|
Gopal Subramaniam is an Indian lawyer and Senior Advocate who practices primarily in the Supreme Court of India and the Delhi High Court. He also served as the Solicitor General of India for a short duration before resigning in 2011.,
Subramaniam began his career with Shardul S. Shroff, who established Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co in Delhi in 1980. He appeared as counsel for the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, often traveling to these states for hearings. He then worked under D. P. Wadhwa, who rose to become a judge of the Supreme Court and later under Soli Sorabjee, former Attorney General.
Subramaniam represented the government in cases like OBC quota in central educational institutions, sealing of commercial buildings in residential areas of Delhi. He appeared in the Delhi High Court and the Supreme Court in 2001 Indian Parliament attack case in which the trial court's verdict of awarding death sentence to Afzal Guru was upheld.
He has assisted the Supreme Court as Amicus curaie in many cases including Sohrabuddin Sheikh fake encounter case. Along with T. R. Andhyarujina, he represented Novartis in the case Novartis v. Union of India & Others concerning evergreening of patents, a case which Novartis India managing director Ranjit Shahani described as "a setback for patients that will hinder medical progress for diseases without effective treatment options."
Resignation from the post of Solicitor General
Subramaniam resigned in protest of the government's decision to field a private lawyer, Rohinton Fali Nariman, in a telecommunications case before the Supreme Court. On 27 July 2011, the Ministry of Law and Justice, appointed Rohinton Fali Nariman, the son of jurist Fali Nariman as the Solicitor General of India for a period of three years. Incidentally, both Subramanium and Nariman were designated senior advocates by former Chief Justice of India M. N. Venkatachaliah on 13 December 1993.
Recent Supreme Court judgments in black money case in which the court directed constitution of a Special Investigation Team (SIT) and the one declaring appointment of Special Police Officers as unconstitutional (in Salwa Judum case) were seen as the last straw for the exit of Subramaniam. Subramanium said he will never take on the job of the Solicitor General again, because, by convention, such a thing has not been done. Former corporate lobbyist Nira Radia described Subramanium as "a very upright person" in a 2009 conversation with Ratan Tata, which emerged as a part of the leaked Radia tapes.
Subramaniam served as chairman of the Bar Council of India during his stint as the Solicitor General. He is credited with introducing the All India Bar Examination, a mandatory test for law graduates to be eligible to practise in India.
Subramaniam's father was an Advocate on Record at the Supreme Court of India. His daughter Gauri is married to the son of Justice Mukundakam Sharma, who retired from the Supreme Court in September 2011. Therefore Subramaniam said it would be improper for him to accept the offer of being elevated to the bench as a judge. Subramaniam is known to love dogs as pets and Carnatic music. He also frequently uses an Oxbridge accent when he speaks English, although he has never lived in the United Kingdom. He attributes this habit to having spent much time listening to BBC's commentary of Test cricket on Test Match Special.
- cite news|url=http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Gopal-Subramaniam-appointed-solicitor-general/articleshow/4659600.cms%7Ctitle=Gopal Subramaniam appointed solicitor general|date=16 June 2009|publisher=The Times of India|accessdate=17 January 2010
- Venkatesan, J (11 July 2011). "SG: I quit to protect dignity of my office". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- "Gopal Subramanium is new Solicitor General". Zee News. 15 June 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "Supreme Court rejects Novartis patent plea for cancer drug Glivec".
- Nirmala George (2 April 2013). "Drug giant Novartis loses India patent case". 3 News (MediaWorks New Zealand). Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- "Govt barbs force solicitor general Gopal Subramaniam to put in papers". The Times of India. 10 Jul 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "'Solicitor-General Gopal Subramaniam's stand on black money had irked government'". Economic Times. 13 Jul 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2012.