Gopalpur, Odisha

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Gopalpur
Town
Gopalpur Beach
Gopalpur Beach
Gopalpur is located in Odisha
Gopalpur
Gopalpur
Coordinates: 19°16′N 84°55′E / 19.27°N 84.92°E / 19.27; 84.92Coordinates: 19°16′N 84°55′E / 19.27°N 84.92°E / 19.27; 84.92
Country India
State Odisha
District Ganjam
Elevation 1 m (3 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 6,663
Languages
 • Official Oriya, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 0680
Sex ratio 1000 /

Gopalpur is a town and a Notified Area Council on the Bay of Bengal coast in Ganjam district in the southern part of Odisha, India. Once a commercial port, it is now a famous sea beach and tourist destination around 15 km from Berhampur. The reconstruction of the port is under development.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Gopalpur had a population of 6660. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Gopalpur has an average literacy rate of 51%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 59%, and female literacy is 42%. In Gopalpur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History[edit]

Gopalpur also has an ancient, commercial port, now lying in ruins. From an obscure little fishing village, Gopalpur became a prominent trading port during the days of British East India Company. The East India Company built large warehouses and godowns because the trade with Burma had picked up and it had become a trading point for rice from Rangoon. The British and the wealthy Bengalis, who once made Gopalpur a vibrant, happening place, have left. Gopalpur has reverted to being a quiet, relaxed place but with one major difference — it is one of India's most sought after beaches, with a distinct charm of its own.

Beach[edit]

The sea-beach at Gopalpur, 2010

Barely 16 km away from Brahmapur, the commercial hub of southern Odisha and close to the border of Andhra Pradesh, is the tiny town of Gopalpur on the Bay of Bengal. This languorous beach with coconut groves, casuarinas and gentle sand dunes is deserted for miles.

Development[edit]

Entrance to Gopalpur Beach

Renovated in 1970s at the initiative of the Odisha government, the jetties were supposed to revive the trading activities of Gopalpur port. The old jetty in Gopalpur is tourist attraction point, which was major point for trade and commerce in medieval times. The sailors of those time started their journey from this jetty to Indonesia and Rangoon across the Indian Sea. Once the renovation of new jetty completed it will become an important port of south Odisha.[2] It's a wonderful drive-in for the people and from the beach, vast expanse of deep blue sea and the horizon can be seen. Another thrilling sight is the long stretch of cashew nut trees. Cashew nuts are processed here and exported. A major landmark of Gopalpur-on-Sea is its lighthouse. The view from the top is splendid and one can see at a glance the entire town of Gopalpur. Gopalour-on-sea is also famous for its 'beach festival' organized annually. A nearby beach is Dhabaleshwar, which also houses temple of the same name.

Gopalpur on sea has got a lovely beach that is absolutely deserted. The only sign of life that one gets to see is in the afternoon when the fishermen come back to shores with their fishes caught during the morning hour and the women loading them in large "tokris" (baskets) and carry them away for selling off in local markets. Apart from that you can see a lot many red crabs walking on the beach.

In the evening many people from Brahmapur drive in to Gopalpur on sea to have a peaceful time sitting on sea shore.

Beach festival and Other attractions near Gopalpur[edit]

Gopalpur Beach Fesival: The first Gopalpur beach festival was started in the year 1996 by Ganjam District Hotel Association to promote tourism and culture. The concept of Gopalpur Beach Festival was conceived by Mr V.Santosh Kumar and Mr Sayed Rahim Members of Ganjam district Hotel Association,Brahmapur. the Ganjam District Hotel Association and Governmant of Odisha have been jointly organizing the festival since 1996 in the month of December.[3]

Geography and Climate[edit]

Gopalpur is located at 19°16′N 84°55′E / 19.27°N 84.92°E / 19.27; 84.92 on the coast of Bay of Bengal, around 160 km south of Paradip and 260 km north of Visakhapatnam. It is a natural, deep sea port on the east coast of India.[4] Gopalpur lies on a 4 km stretch of barren coast line, with no mangrove or tropical forests. The coast line falls in the rain-shadow of the region.[5] The climate in the region is tropical wet and dry. Temperatures range from 32 degrees in summer to 17 degrees in winter. The region receives rainfall in both advance and retreat of the Southwest monsoon. Gopalpur has witnessed notable and strong tropical storms in history, including the Super cyclone of 1999 and Cyclone Phailin of 2013, the latter hitting the town directly.


Climate data for Gopalpur (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
31.0
(87.8)
31.6
(88.9)
32.7
(90.9)
32.7
(90.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
30.1
(86.2)
28.2
(82.8)
30.9
(87.6)
Average low °C (°F) 17.1
(62.8)
20.0
(68)
22.9
(73.2)
25.0
(77)
26.7
(80.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.1
(79)
26.0
(78.8)
25.8
(78.4)
23.8
(74.8)
20.2
(68.4)
16.9
(62.4)
23.2
(73.8)
Rainfall mm (inches) 7.4
(0.291)
21.5
(0.846)
18.5
(0.728)
25.6
(1.008)
44.2
(1.74)
146.3
(5.76)
168.2
(6.622)
203.4
(8.008)
192.1
(7.563)
186.3
(7.335)
99.6
(3.921)
8.5
(0.335)
1,121.8
(44.165)
Source: India Meteorological Department[6]

Politics[edit]

Current MLA from Gopalpur (SC) Assembly Constituency is Pradeep panigrahi of [BJD], who won the seat in State elections of 2009. Previous MLAs from this seat include Rama Chandra Sethy who won this seat in 2000 as BJD candidate and as JD candidate in 1995 and 1990, and Ghanashyam Behera who won this seat as INC candidate in 1985 and 1977 and as INC(I) candidate in 1980.[7]

Gopalpur is part of Berhampur (Lok Sabha constituency).[8]

Panorama of the Gopalpur Beach

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ "About Gopalpur-on-Sea". HolidayIQ. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Gopalpur Beach Festival
  4. ^ Gopalpur Port. "Gopalpur Port - Company Profile". Gopalpur Port. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Gopalpur Port. "Gopalpur Port - Environment". Gopalpur Port. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
  6. ^ "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1971–2000 data" (HTML). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  7. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 74-Gopalpur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  8. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-25. 

External links[edit]