Gopi Krishna (dancer)

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Gopi Krishna
Born (1935-08-22)22 August 1935
Calcutta, British India
Died 18 February 1994(1994-02-18) (aged 58)
Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Occupation Dancer, actor, choreographer
Title Nataraj, Nritya Samrat

Gopi Krishna (22 August 1935 – 18 February 1994) was an Indian dancer, actor and choreographer.

Life and career[edit]

Gopi Krishna was born into a family of Kathak dancers. His maternal grandfather Pandit Sukhdev Maharaj was a teacher of Kathak and his aunt Sitara Devi is a Kathak dancer who has performed around the world. When he was 11 years old, Gopi Krishna began training under his grandfather. He also learned from Shambhu Maharaj. In addition to Kathak, Gopi Krishna learned Bharatanatyam from Mahalingam Pillai and Govind Raj Pillai.[1] Despite suffering from chronic asthma he continued to expand his dance repertoire,[2] receiving the title of "Nataraj" (King of Dancers) at the All Bengal Music Conference at the age of 15.[1]

In 1952, 17 year old Gopi Krishna became one of the youngest choreographers in Hindi film history when he was hired to choreograph dances for Madhubala in Saqi.[2] In 1955, he appeared in his first film Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje. In the film he played Girdhar, a talented young dancer whose love for his partner jeopardizes his dancing career. The film was successful and helped to revitalize public interest in classical dance.[1] He also choreographed many films like Dastaan, Mehbooba, Umrao Jaan and The Perfect Murder.[3] During the 1960s and 70s, he toured India's border posts, entertaining soldiers with Sunil Dutt's Ajanta Arts Cultural Troupe.[2] Gopi Krishna later established the Nateshwar Bhavan dance academy and the Nateshwar Nritya Kala Mandir.[2] In 1975 the Indian government awarded him India's fourth highest civilian award, the Padma Shri. He set a world record for the longest continuous Kathak dance at 9 hours and 20 minutes.[2][4]

Death[edit]

On 18 February 1994 Krishna had a massive heart attack in his Bombay home and died later that night.[2][5]

Style[edit]

Gopi Krishna was an exponent of the Benares Gharana style of Kathak.[1] He incorporated many elements of Kathakali in his dance.

Personal life[edit]

Gopi Krishna married Kathak dancer Savitri in 1954.[2] His daughter Shampa Sonthalia was born in 1981. She became a choreographer and dancer as well, placing as the winner in the fifth season of Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa where she was paired with actor Gurmeet Choudhary.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Banerji, Projesh (1986). Dance in thumri. Abhinav Publications. p. 91. ISBN 81-7017-212-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Film industry has lost its Kohinoor". Times of India. 18 February 1994. 
  3. ^ Long, Robert Emmet (1991). The films of Merchant Ivory. H.N. Abrams. p. 262. ISBN 0-8109-3618-6. 
  4. ^ Limca Book of Records. Bisleri Beverages Ltd. 2001. 
  5. ^ "Obituaries". Sruti (112). February 1994. 
  6. ^ Aastha Atray Banan (4 June 2011). "Goodbye Sheila, Munni and the deadly jhatkas". Tehelka Magazine 8 (22). Retrieved 25 July 2011. 

7. ^ Biography of the Gopi Krishna.

External links[edit]