Gora (region)

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Detailed map of Gora Region between Kosovo and Albania
Former Gora municipality in Kosovo, marked in blue

Gora (Cyrillic: Гора) is a geographical region in southern Kosovo, northeastern Albania, and northwestern Macedonia inhabited by Albanians, Bosniaks, Gorani, Macedonians, and Turks. The name "Gora" is a Slavic word for "mountain" or "forest".

Between 1992 and 1999, the part of Gora in Kosovo was a municipality, and its population was 17,574 people according to 1991 census. Today, the region is part of the municipality of Dragaš in Kosovo. The Albanian part of Gora is included in the Shishtavec and Zapod municipalities, while the Macedonian portion is in the northeastern part of Bogovinje Municipality.

History[edit]

Gora is mentioned for the first time in 1348 in the edicts of Emperor Stefan Dushan as a zhupa of the Serbian Empire, composed out of seven villages that Dushan gifted to his Monastery of Saint Archangel near Prizren.[citation needed]

Its second mention is in 1452/5 in the Turkish cadastral tax censuses as the "Nachy of Gora"[clarification needed] within the Ottoman Empire, forming part of the Ottoman province of Macedonia.[citation needed]

The Ottoman defter from 1591 registers Gora as inhabited exclusively by Serbs, Opolje to the north is Albanian populated.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Albania[edit]

According to the disputed 2011 census figures, just over two-thirds of the population in Shishtavec Municipality identified as Albanian, while 7.7% identified as Macedonian. In Zapod Municipality, 79% identified as Albanian and 11.7% identified as Macedonian.[2]

Kosovo[edit]

According to 1991 census data, the population of the Gora municipality was composed of:

Macedonia[edit]

Jelovjane, one of Macedonia's two Gora villages, according to the 2002 census, was made up primarily of Turks (90%). The other Gora village, Urvič, was made up of Turks (85%) and Albanians (15%).[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ TKGM, TD № 55 (412), (Defter sandžaka Prizren iz 1591. godine).
  2. ^ "Ethnic composition of Albania 2011". Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  3. ^ OSCE
  4. ^ municipal profile of Dragaš PDF, June 2006. Retrieved on 21 February 2008.
  5. ^ Macedonian census, language and religion

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°58′41″N 20°39′25″E / 41.978°N 20.657°E / 41.978; 20.657