Gordon, New South Wales

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Gordon
SydneyNew South Wales
Eryldene2.JPG
Eryldene, a heritage-listed home built circa 1913
Population 6,592 (2011)[1]
 • Density 1,739.3/km2 (4,505/sq mi)
Established 1823
Postcode(s) 2072
Area 3.79 km2 (1.5 sq mi)
Location 15 km (9 mi) north-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Ku-ring-gai Council
State electorate(s) Ku-ring-gai, Davidson
Federal Division(s) Bradfield
Suburbs around Gordon:
West Pymble Pymble St Ives
West Pymble Gordon St Ives
Killara Killara East Killara

Gordon is a suburb on the Upper North Shore of Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia 15 kilometres (9 mi) north-west of the Sydney Central Business District and is the administrative centre for the local government area of Ku-ring-gai Council. East Gordon is a locality within Gordon.[2]

History[edit]

The name 'Gordon' first appears as the name of the survey parish covering most of the upper north shore, assigned by the NSW Surveyor-General Sir Thomas Mitchell. This is believed to commemorate Sir James Willoughby Gordon, with whom he had served during the Peninsular War and who was the quartermaster-general of the regiment in which Mitchell had served. The survey parish, and later suburb and municipality of Willoughby also commemorates his name.[3]

Settlement of the area commenced about 1820. The early settlement at Gordon was originally known as Lane Cove. The earliest school at 'Lane Cove', as Gordon was then known, was established at the behest of Governor Macquarie in 1816.[3] The first Lane Cove Post Office opened on 1 February 1860. The name of the village and Post Office was changed to Gordon, after the Gordondale estate of Robert McIntosh, on 1 June 1879.[3][4] Gordon Railway Station on the North Shore Line was built in 1888.

Gordon Public School, now used as a library, was constructed in 1878 on the Pacific Highway, having been designed by George Mansfield. A Gothic Revival style was used in accordance with the tradition that educational buildings, like churches, were designed in a Gothic style. A second block was added in 1912. The school was originally called Lane Cove School, and the name was officially changed to Gordon Public School in November 1885.[3] The school buildings are one of the few remaining buildings that date back to the pioneering days of northern Sydney. It is listed on the Register of the National Estate.[5] The Gordon Public School was closed in 1987, however East Gordon Public School and West Gordon Public School remain nearby.

Annie Wyatt was the founder of the National Trust in Australia. She lived for a time in a single-storey cottage in Park Avenue.

Infrastructure and development[edit]

War Memorial and Council Chambers

Gordon is located on a major transport artery, the Pacific Highway and near the intersection of Ryde and Mona Vale Roads which form a link between the northern beaches, Homebush Bay and the St George District and Sutherland Shire.

Gordon railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network with frequent commuter services. The railway station was built in 1888 and has an important heritage relationship with its landscaped gardens; it has been preserved as an example of an historic Edwardian station. Lifts to the platforms have been a recent addition. A bus stop outside the station is a terminus for various routes including those to St Ives, West Pymble, Mona Vale/Warriewood and Macquarie University. These are operated by two different bus companies, Transdev NSW and Forest Coach Lines. At the 2011 census, 28.9% of employed people travelled to work on public transport and 47.6% by car (either as driver or as passenger).[1]

Churches in Gordon comprise: St Johns Anglican Church, Gordon Uniting Church, and Gordon Baptist Church. Gordon is also the home of three schools: Ravenswood School for Girls, an all-female, kindergarten, primary and secondary independent school; Gordon East Public School, a primary school on Rosedale Road; Gordon West Public School, a primary school on Ryde Road in West Pymble. This area was previously called "West Gordon" but became part of West Pymble in 1990. The primary school retained its name because there was another public primary school already called West Pymble Public School.

Commercial[edit]

Gordon has a commercial area with many shops and restaurants along the Pacific Highway and around Gordon railway station. The largest building in Gordon, the Gordon Centre, contains many shops and offices, including a Woolworths (supermarket), a St.George Bank branch, a Gloria Jean's cafe, a Harvey Norman store, and Gordon Executive Centre serviced offices. Gordon Centre was originally built as a Farmers & Co department store, now part of Myer, but Myer closed it in 1983.

The administrative buildings for the local government area of Ku-ring-gai Council are located in Gordon.

Residential[edit]

Eryldene is a local historic house that is open to the public. Located in McIntosh Street, the house was designed for Professor Eben Gowrie Waterhouse by William Hardy Wilson and built circa 1913. The extensive garden is a notable part of the property. House and garden as a whole are listed on the Register of the National Estate.[6][7] The house also has a state heritage listing.[8]

Another notable home in the area is Tulkiyan, located on the Pacific Highway. This home was designed by Bertrand James Waterhouse, an architect who was popular for his residential work (he was also responsible for the design of Nutcote, the home of painter May Gibbs). He designed Tulkiyan in the Arts and Crafts style that he favoured in much of his work. Tulkiyan was built on part of a land grant that went back to 1823. The land changed hands many times until it was acquired by the Donaldson family, who commissioned Waterhouse to design the house. It stayed in the hands of the Donaldson family until 1994, when it was bequeathed to Ku-ring-gai Council. Tulkiyan has a state heritage listing.[9]

The Arts and Crafts style favoured by Waterhouse was just one of the styles that were part of the Federation period that went from 1890 to 1915. Other prominent styles were the Federation Queen Anne style—the Australian version of the English Queen Anne style—and the Federation Bungalow style. Some notable examples of the latter style can be seen in Nelson Street, Gordon. Other architects who favoured Federation styles were Walter Liberty Vernon and Howard Joseland.

Gordon is also the location of a notable house designed by the architect Alexander Stewart Jolly. Nebraska, in Yarabah Avenue, is a distinctive home reminiscent of a log cabin. One of its features is the irregular stonework. It is heritage-listed.[10]

Approximately two-thirds (66.2%) of the dwellings in Gordon are separate houses, 7.1% are semi-detached (mainly townhouses), and 26.4% are flats, units or apartments. The average household consists of 2.8 people.[1]

Population[edit]

At the 2011 census, there were 6,592 residents in Gordon. The population of Gordon was older than average, with a median age of 41 compared to the national median of 37, and 17.1% of people aged 65 years and over. Almost half of residents were born outside of Australia, with the top countries of birth being China, England and the Republic of South Korea. About a third of people spoke a language other than English at home, with the most common languages being Mandarin, Cantonese and Korean. The median household income of $2,223 was higher than the national figure of $1,234. Housing was expensive in Gordon, with the median weekly rent being $580 and the median monthly mortgage payment being $3,000. The most popular response to the Census question about religion was "no religion".[1]

Home of Annie Wyatt, Park Avenue 
Federation house, Nelson Street 
Federation bungalow, Nelson Street 
Tulkiyan, designed by B.J.Waterhouse 
Nebraska 
House of Nelson Street 
Anglican Church of St John the Evangelist 
Ravenswood School 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Gordon (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
  3. ^ a b c d http://www.khs.org.au/local/gordon.html
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  5. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/33
  6. ^ The Heritage of Australia, p.2/33
  7. ^ "The Eryldene Trust". Collections Australia Network. Commonwealth of Australia. 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  8. ^ State Heritage Website
  9. ^ State Heritage Website
  10. ^ State Heritage Website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°45′26″S 151°08′57″E / 33.75732°S 151.14916°E / -33.75732; 151.14916